Achtotlan

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The Exquisite Republic of Achtotlan
Flag Seal of the Exquisite Republic
Motto: For the benefit of all mankind
Anthem: Lead us to victory, Vysteka!
Achtotlan (green) in South-West Valeya (grey).
CapitalIztlan
Official languages Nahuatl
Ethnic groups
Demonym Achtoteca
Government One-party Authoritarian Republic
 -  Speaker Yaotl Ihctaca
 -  Premier Itzli Coyotl
Legislature College of Benevolences
Population
 -  2015 estimate 187,712,620
GDP (nominal) estimate
 -  Total $6.35 trillion (2nd)
 -  Per capita $40,245
Currency Teoctian (t)
Time zone AST 0
Drives on the left
Internet TLD .Ach

The Exquisite Republic of Achtotlan, commonly called Achtotlan or the Exquisite Republic, is a one-party authoritarian republic in northern Valeya. It is bordered to the north by Transoxthraxia, to the west by Achesia, and has an estimated population of 187 million. Achtotlan is divided into 74 provinces, called Principalities. Achtotlan is one of the Setic nations of Valeya.

Widely considered a major power, Achtotlan exerts great influence on the Valeyan continent and has a permanent seat in the Security Council Ordic League. It is the second largest economy in the world, second only to Zusea. It also heads the Valeyan-Neptic Security Concordat.

History[edit]

Hyspanic colonisation[edit]

First contact with explorers from Orda was made in 1510, by Hyspanic explorer Manuel Leon-Cortez.

Years of Strife[edit]

Republican Revolution[edit]

National Revolution[edit]

Endwar[edit]

Achtotlan participated in the Endwar, loosely aligned with the Niihama Pact

Post Endwar[edit]

Ordic Grand Game[edit]

Politics[edit]

The Achtotlaner constitution states that the Exquisite Republic of Achtotlan is a "social, independent, and republican state emboldened by the indomitable will of the Achtotlaner people and founded on the Principles of the Achtotlaner People." While regular elections exist, Achtotlan is commonly regarded as an authoritarian one-party state by outside observers, despite insistence by the Achtotlaner government otherwise. Since the early '50s Achtotlan has been under the leadership of the Achtotlaner Popular Rule Association, which keeps an exclusive monopoly on high office. Although from time to time pro-APRA parties are invited to hold some minor position in government.


The Speaker[edit]

The Speaker (Tlatoani) is the official head of state of the Exquisite Republic. The Speaker is elected by the College to serve a term of five years. No term-limits exist, but the Speaker can be removed from office following a vote in the College with two-thirds majority or the College. The Speaker reserves the right of vetoing any legislation passed by the College of Benevolences, although the veto may be overturned by a two-thirds majority. As head of state, the Speaker is Achtotlan's chief representative abroad and has supreme authority on most foreign policy matters. Officially he is also the commander-in-chief of the armed forces.

Cabinet[edit]

The cabinet government is headed by the Premier, who is appointed by the Speaker with the approval of the College for an indefinite term. The Premier oversees the activities of the ministers who report to him directly. The current Premier is Itzli Coyotl.

College of Benevolences[edit]

The College of Benevolences is the parliament of Achtotlan. Hosted in the capital of Iztlan, it consists of 745 members who serve five year terms. The College follows the principle of a mixed-member majoritarian system. Of the 745 available seats, 500 are elected on the basis of districts. 200 are elected using a nation-wide proportional list. The remaining 45 members are referred to as 'Extraordinary Members', and are instead nominated by the Speaker and approved by the Committee of Eighteen. Typically these Extraordinary Members are technical experts or representatives from various institutions in Achtotlaner society, such as trade unions, industry, or clergy. The one exception to the five-year term is former Speakers, who may be made Extraordinary Member for life, although this has only happened thrice in total.

As the main legislative body, the College must approve any laws before they are passed. It votes following the principle of majority plus one; an Achtotlaner political oddity in which one more vote than the minimal majority is required for a law to be passed. This means that 374 votes in favour are needed. Procedural votes as well follow the same principle. Votes on approving amendments to the constitution require a two-thirds plus one majority however. The College is chaired by an elected Chairman, who serves at the pleasure of the College.

Political Party Name Seats in the College Alignment
Achtotlaner Popular Rule Association
586 / 745
Government
Revolutionary Nationalist Committee of Achtotlan
43 / 745
Pro-Government
National Progressive Party
32 / 745
Pro-Government
New Youth Movement
5 / 745
Pro-Government
Ectitlan Republican Party
2 / 745
Pro-Government
Itztlaner Party
1 / 745
Pro-Government
Liberal Democratic Party
12 / 745
Opposition
Social Republican Party
9 / 745
Opposition
True Achtotlan
12 / 745
Unaligned
Extraordinary Members
45 / 745

Extraordinary Members of the College must revoke any party association they may have had before and nominally serve as non-partisan members of parliament. They are grouped by certain 'caucuses', which are based on the interests they represent. Rather than fixed organisations these caucuses are rough indicators of common interests, commonly used by the media or in parliamentary parlance for convenience but otherwise being of little consequence. Several Extraordinary members do not fit in any of these caucuses, who are referred to as unaffiliated. Despite their nominal independence from parties, it has been noted that nearly all Extraordinary members are affiliated with the Achtotlaner Popular Rule Association.

Caucus Representation in the Extraordinary Seats
Academic and Scientific Caucus
11 / 45
Ilhuicahuan Clerical Caucus
7 / 45
Achtotlaner Catholic Clerical Caucus
7 / 45
Trade Union Caucus
6 / 45
Business and Corporate Caucus
6 / 45
Military and Police Caucus
3 / 45
Cultural and Artistic Caucus
2 / 45
Other unaffiliated members
3 / 45


Supreme Court of the Republic[edit]

The Supreme Court of the Republic is the highest judicial body of Achtotlan. It consists of eleven justices who are appointed by the College of Benevolences for ten-year terms, with no term limits.

The Supreme Court is not only the highest appellate court of Achtotlan, but also provides rulings on constitutional matters. However, it notably cannot declare any decisions by the national government void, whom are above judicial review. It can however, review local governments' decisions.


Political Geography[edit]

The Exquisite Kingdom is subdivided in larger provinces called 'Principalities'. Achtotlan is a unitary state, but some devolution exists at the level of these principalities. In addition to the principalities several cities have autonomous city status, granting them a certain degree of independence in their legislation. Principalities are headed by a governor who is appointed by the central government in Iztlan.

Foreign Relations[edit]

Achtotlan is a permanent member of the Ordic League Security Council and takes an active role in international affairs. Achtotlan officially follows a policy of anti-imperialism, committing itself to preventing former colonial powers from exerting influence on their former subjects. In addition to this, Achtotlan policy is aimed at assuming the leading position amongst former colonial nations, particularly in Valeya, but also in Osova. To this end it invests abroad heavily as well as offering security guarantees. Notably in Valeya, Achtotlan has pursued a course of promoting the interests of native peoples where they clash with those of settler nations.

Relations with HECO have become more strained since the Transoxthraxian civil war, where Achtotlan provided diplomatic and limited military support to the Revisionist faction which ultimately emerged victorious.

Human Rights Controversies[edit]

The Exquisite Republic of Achtotlan has regularly been criticised by international watchdog organisations for an alleged lack of political freedoms and human rights. In a report in 2017, the Ordic Liberty Society observed that elections in Achtotlan "serve merely to legitimise the rule of the Achtotlaner Popular Rule Association, with institutional hurdles making it near impossible for an opposition to effectively form." In addition, the Ordic Liberty Society reported on a worrying trend of forced disappearances of vocal critics to the regime. The Bureau of Independent Journalism also rated Achtotlan as 'not free' on their annual review of press freedom, citing an extensive censorship apparatus and the close ties between the media and the government. Observers have also noticed the privileged position of the Achtotlaner Catholic Church and the native Ilhuicahuan faith, which are the only legally recognised religions under Achtotlaner law, leading to other religions not falling under the constitutionally guaranteed religious freedom.

Economy[edit]

Society[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic Groups[edit]

Three main groups make up the ethnic composition of Achtotlan. Firstly, the native Achtotlaner population, which makes up roughly 74% of the population. Secondly, the descendants of the early Hyspanian colonisers, which make up an additional 6% of the population. Finally, 17% is accounted for by those of mixed native and Hyspanic ancestry.

Religion[edit]

Achtotlan has three main religious traditions that are officially established as the state religion. The first is the indigenous Ilhuicahuan faith, which traces its origins to the pantheon of gods worshipped in ancient Achtotlan. The second faith is the Achtotlaner Catholic faith, which is a syncretic belief system derived from Hyspanian Catholicism that developed during the colonial period. The third and final faith is the Anqhirraic faith, that came to Achtotlan from Transoxthraxia. According to the national census, 65% of Achtotlaners identify als Ilhuicahuan, 19.5% identify as Achtotlaner Catholic, 12% identify as Anqhirraic, 2% identify as non-religious, and 0.5% belong to other minor religions.

Quetzalcoatl, Ilhuicahuan god of the wind and wisdom.

Ilhuicahuans believe in a large pantheon of Gods, each part of a particular domain. These domains include sky, fire, water, earth, death, night, and day. The faith is derived from native traditions, rather than a single founding document or revelation by a prophet. However, a large collection of Ilhuicahuan writing does exist in the form of poetry, theological discourses and arbitrations, and mythology. A large amount of these texts have been collected in the Amoxtliteotloque, meaning "Book of the Gods", which serves as a point of reference for the faithful.

Worship takes the form of offerings made at temples or small private shrines. Religious holidays are often observed at a temple with the local congregation, with services often including dance and music as well as eating. In offerings, incense is a commonly utilised implement, in addition to whatever tribute is favoured by a particular god. Gods are sometimes worshipped together based on the domains which they are a part of. Some gods are also worshipped alongside their consort, regardless of their respective domains.

The Ilhuicahuan faith is loosely organised, with limited central authority. Most temples and public shrines are part of the Federation of Ilhuicahuan Shrines, which seeks to maintain theological orthodoxy and enforce proper standards and conduct, as well as provide education and certification for priests. The Federation is overseen by the Department of Faith, answering to the Ministry of Culture. Ultimately, most shrines and temples do have to defer to the judgement of the Council of Elders, which consists of the high priests of the most prestigious temples in Achtotlan, traditionally chaired by the Huehueteopixqui of the Grand Temple of Iztlan.

An icon of Lady Death, an often venerated entity within Achtotlaner Catholicism

The second major religion in Achtotlan is Achtotlaner Catholic, organised under the Holy Catholic Church of Achtotlan. It is a form of Christianity derived from Hyspanic Catholicism. It is however highly divergent from other Christian denominations, and as such, it is often considered heretical by more orthodox denominations. Achtotlaner Catholicism is notable for its heavy emphasis on the veneration of Saints, and the theme of death and resurrection. The tale of Christ's death and subsequent resurrection is therefore an important element, which is also expanded upon in Achtotlaner Catholic catechisms. In this, ancient Achtotlaner philosophy on the dualism of life and death has been extensively applied in combination with Ordan Gnostic influences. Most liturgies are lifted from its Hyspanian counterpart as well, with the Eucharist taking on a central function on Sunday mass.

Achtotlaner Catholicism is famous for its veneration of Lady Death, who is identified as a manifestation of the holy virgin Mary. According to Achtotlaner Catholic theology, as the holy virgin was the mother of Jesus during his life, Lady Death was his caretaker in death. In her capacity as Lady Death she acts as both a figure of solace and judgement. She can ease the woes of the faithful and provide relief during times of need. By the same token, she bestows misfortune on those she deems sinful and commands a host of wrathful angels. She is often depicted on small amulets or icons at private shrines.

Achtotlaner Catholics believe that life on Ordis is but the second state of existence. According to theology a human is first born a lesser angel in the garden of Eden where they live until an inevitable death by sin, after which they are born on Ordis as a mortal. After the second death on Ordis the soul is judged and either sentenced to oblivion, or allowed to return to the kingdom and the city of God in heaven, finding peace in unity with God.

The Achtotlaner Catholic Church is a hierarchical body, whose workings are roughly comparable to those of New Horizon Catholicism. The Achtotlaner Catholic Church is led by the Patriarchate, a council of four patriarchs. These patriarchs are elected by the Conclave for life. The Conclave consists of one-hundred archbishops. Religious matters are under the jurisdiction of the Department of Religious Affairs, which is organised under the Ministry of Culture.

Calendar[edit]

The Achtotlaner calendar, called the Xiuhpohualli, is a 365 day calendar consisting of eighteen twenty day months. It is roughly comparable to the Ordan Calendar in that it follows the same solar cycle. In addition to the 18 months, a single five-day period named Nemontemi exists to fill the gap. As these days fall outside the regular structure of months, superstition commonly holds them to be days of misfortune and ill luck. The exception being the last day of Nemontenmi, on the eve of which the coming new year is celebrated.

# Month Ordan Calendar Equivalent Meaning
1 Atlcahualo Mar 1 - Mar 20 "Ceasing of Water"
2 Tlacaxipehualiztli Mar 21 - Apr 9 "Rites of Fertility"
3 Tozoztontli Apr 10 - Apr 29 "Lesser Perforation"
4 Huey Tozoztli Apr 30 - May 19 "Greater Perforation"
5 Toxcatl May 20 - Jun 8 "Dryness"
6 Etzalcualiztli Jun 9 - Jun 28 "Eating Maize and Beans"
7 Tecuilhuitontli Jun 29 - July 18 "Lesser Feast for the Revered Ones"
8 Huey Tecuilhuitl July 19 - Aug 7 "Greater Feast for the Revered Ones"
9 Tlaxochimaco Aug 8 - Aug 27 "Bestowal of Flowers"
10 Miccailhuitl Aug 28 - Sep 16 "Feast to the Revered Deceased"
11 Ochpaniztli Sep 17 - Oct 6 "Cleaning"
12 Teotleco Oct 7 - Oct 26 "Return of the Gods"
13 Tepeilhuitl Oct 27 - Nov 15 "Feast for the Mountains"
14 Quehcholli Nov 16 - Dec 5 "Precious Feather"
15 Panquetzaliztli Dec 6 - Dec 25 "Raising the Banners"
16 Atemoztli Dec 26 - Jan 14 "Descent of the Water"
17 Tititl Jan 15 - Feb 3 "Stretching for Growth"
18 Izcalli Feb 4 - Feb 23 "Encouragement for the Land"
18u Nemontemi Feb 24 - Feb 28 "5 day period"

Culture[edit]

Achtotlaner culture is rooted in the native traditions of the Achtotlaner native peoples, who are the majority of the population. Due to its colonial history, Achtotlaner culture has also been thoroughly influenced by the culture of New Hyspania.

Miccailhuitl[edit]

Miccailhuitl or Feast to the Revered Deceased, or more commonly Feast of the Dead, is the tenth month of the Achtotlaner calendar. It is most commonly known for the annual cultural and religious public holiday held this month. It takes place over a period of four days from the 4th of Miccailhuitl to and including the 7th and focuses on gatherings of family and friends to pray for and remember the departed in the hope of helping them pass on to the next world. The Feast is often celebrated extravagantly, especially in the larger cities of Achtotlan, where costumed parades and festivities are held. At night however proceedings take on a more subdued and sombre tone, often including candlelit vigils and offerings meant to honour and lay the dead to rest. It is believed that through these festivities lost souls of the dead can enter the bodies of the living and enjoy live one last time, before moving on. Traditions connected with the holiday include building private altars, honouring the deceased using incense, flowers, and the favourite foods and beverages of the departed, and visiting graves with these as gifts. Visitors also leave possessions of the deceased at the graves.

A sugar skull, commonly gifted during Miccailhuitl.

A common symbol of the holiday is the skull, which celebrants represent in masks and foods such as sugar or chocolate skulls, which are inscribed with the name of the recipient on the forehead. Sugar skulls can be given as gifts to both the living and the dead. Other cacao based products are popular gifts and offerings as well, being considered appropriate presents for both living and dead. Celebratory toasts are also a common tradition, made with either rum, pulque, or mezcal, with minors often drinking chocolate milk. Celebrants often dress extravagantly, oftentimes in garments inspired by Achtotlaner mythology and including motifs of death and resurrection.

Despite its origins in the indigenous Ilhuicahuan faith, Miccailhuitl is celebrated by both Ilhuicahuans and Achtotlaner Catholics. Both religions commonly attend services on the first day of the Feast, with Ilhuicahuans making offerings to Mictēcacihuātl, goddess of the dead. Similarly, Achtotlaner Catholic services often include retelling of the story of Christ's resurrection, and offerings and prayers are made directed at Lady Death. Apart from this the Feast is notable for its syncretic elements, with traditions and customs being influenced by both faiths.

The tradition of Miccailhuitl comes from the old Achtotlaner civilisation and precedes contact with the Hyspanic colonisers. The Feast originally honoured the goddess of the dead, Mictēcacihuātl, instead of the dead. Miccailhuitl was then celebrated by four days of prayer and offerings to Mictēcacihuātl, often in the form of food, notably cacao. It was later identified by the Hyspanic colonisers with the Catholic celebration of All Souls' Day, and overtime became influenced by Carnival as well.

Food and beverages[edit]

Pantzin, a kind of sandwich often served with meat and pepper. A popular street food in Achtotlan.

Eating and drinking holds an important place in Achtotlaner culture. Families often get together for small feasts at their own home at the beginning of each month, making small offerings to the Gods (or God in the case of Achtotlaner Catholics). Achtotlaner cuisine derives from both the native traditions and Hyspanic influences. Common staples in day-to-day life include maize, beans, chili peppers, advocado, and tomato. Maize in particular is historically the most common produce of Achtotlan and as such has an important place even in contemporary cuisine. It is often consumed with corn tortillas.

Meat has a special symbolic importance in Achtotlaner culture, as does the act of consuming meat. To consume another being's flesh was believed to also absorb their essence. In doing so, one emulated the Gods who also partook on the essence of the world. In ancient Achtotlaner culture then, the act of eating meat was considered a religious affair as well. While this view is no longer commonly held, it is still customary that dinner on religious holidays or otherwise important occasions must include meat. Similarly, to throw away meat is considered to invite bad luck. Turkey, as the most common livestock in Achtotlan for most of history, is the most commonly consumed meat. Duck as well is a common choice for meat. In more recent times however, with increased access to world markets, chicken and beef have increasingly made their way into Achtotlan as well. Though expensive and difficult to get by due to strict government regulation, the meat of Valeyan Terror Birds are a treasured ingredient in Achtotlaner cuisine. Due to the relatively low Terror Bird population however and government efforts to increase the population, it is almost impossible to obtain for anyone but the upper class.

Chocolate and cacao are some of the most recognisable and well-known elements of Achtotlaner cuisine

Cacao based products are another staple. Achtotlaner chocolate for instance has been a long-standing favourite in the country, with a reputation of quality abroad. Cacao is also commonly included as an ingredient in other dishes, often breakfast or desert, and in the form of pastries or sweets. Most often however, cacao is consumed in the form of drinks, most often chocolate milk, of which the Achtotlaner are the highest per capita consumers in the world.

Chilaquilitl, corn tortillas served with salsa, pulled chicken, and crumbed cheese. A popular breakfast or brunch dish.

Compared to other cultures, relatively little distinction between high and low cuisine exists. Rather than elaborate preparation procedures, the difference is most felt in the quality and scope of ingredients used. Achtotlaner cuisine is known then for its relative simplicity, with many dishes being known to be 'simple to learn, difficult to master'.

Common Achtotlaner liquors include pulque, mezcal, and rum. Rum especially has become one of the most popular drinks, a tradition inherited from the Hyspanics. Achtotlaner rum is commonly spiced and drunk with ice. Rums flavoured with various tropical fruits are also distinctly Achtotlaner. Pulque and mezcal are traditional indigenous drinks, and are commonly used during celebrations. Pulque is often served at dedicated bars or cafes specialising in the product.


Music[edit]

Art and architecture[edit]

Cinema and theatre[edit]

Science and philosophy[edit]

Literature[edit]

Sports[edit]

Internationally Achtotlan is known for its rugby team, which consistently performs well at competitions. Rugby is the national sport of Achtotlan, which remains highly popular. The national team is called the Achtotlan Eagles, which has become world champion several times. In addition to the national team, most provinces have their own teams as well, often sponsored or owned by Achtotlaner corporations or conglomerates. Once a year, all teams participate in the esteemed Republican League vying for the title of champion. It is hosted by the Achtotlaner Rugby Federation, and is televised nationally.

Notably, in contrast to many nations, Achtotlan does not have a national football team. Its former team was disbanded in 2012 after failing to qualify for the Ordic cup three times in a row and due to low ratings. Some regional teams do exist but are given little to no funding due to the lack of popularity. More popular sports played by the public at large include rugby, baseball, as well as volleyball. Notably, Achtotlan has no real indigenous sports to speak off, with most popular sports having been imported during the colonial era or otherwise having been influenced thereby.

An Achtotlaner matador fighting a bull.

An example of an imported sport is the Hyspanic sport of bullfighting. It was originally brought to Achtotlan by Hyspanic settlers. Arena fights with local animals were already a staple of native Achtotlaner culture and bullfighting thus quickly became popular. Notably, in Achtotlan the practice does not limit itself to fighting bulls alone. Especially daring Matadors sometimes attempt to take on a native Valeyan Terror Bird. This has become increasingly rare however, due to the small Terror Bird population and strict government oversight. While controversial abroad, the practice of bullfighting remains popular domestically and a staple of Achtotlaner culture.

Motorsports as well are popular in Achtotlan. The Ectitlan Grand Prix is famous abroad and is one of the more prestigious car races.


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