|Democratic Republic of Myaarsawmyittway
Myarrsawmyittway Demokaraattait Sammataninengan
|Ethnic groups (2016)||68% Bamar
|Government||Single party socialist state|
|-||President and Chairman of the Communist Party||U Phyo Zaw|
|-||Vice President||Aye Aye Aung @ Fumiko Nakamura|
|-||Sittaung Confederation||29 June 849|
|-||Hanthawaddy Empire||16 October 1510|
|-||Yamatai-Hanthawaddy Treaty||19 January 1815|
|-||Annexation by Yamatai||27 June 1878|
|-||Independence||1 March 1950|
111,082 sq mi
|-||2016 estimate||52 million|
|GDP (PPP)||2017 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2017 estimate|
|Drives on the||left|
Myaar'tway, officially the Democratic Republic of Myaarsawmyittway (များသောမြစ်တွေ ဒီမိုကရက်တစ်သမ္မတနိုင်ငံ, Myarrsawmyittway Demokaraattait Sammataninengan), and also known as Bamar, is a single-party socialist state in southern Escar. It is bordered to the north by Namgiang and shares a maritime border with Pulau Todak.
Ancient Myaar’tway saw the rise of various city-states along the Ayeyarwady and the southern coast. Around the first century, the Sittaung Confederation, a coalition of city-states in the south along the Sittaung River, began coming into prominence. This eventually transformed into the Bagan Kingdom, which steadily advanced northwards until it arrived at the Giangi civilisation. A north-south divide resulted in the Kingdom fracturing into two rival states, the Taungoo in the north and the Konbaung in the south. By the 16th century, the Konbaung had supplanted the Taungoo which may later become a part of Namgiang. This began the relatively peaceful era of the Konbaung Empire, which ended in the late 1700s with the arrival of Yamataian imperialists. Permitting the Konbaung monarchs to remain in power, the Yamataians were able to settle and develop much of Myaar’tway, becoming the only major overseas colony that Yamatai would develop as a colonial power that was not a shitty island. Resources extracted from Myaar’tway enabled Yamatai to develop and industrialize early on. However, in the mid-19th century, with the rise of absolute monarchy and the Sakura Revolution in Yamatai encouraging religious fundamentalism regarding Kamimichi and the regarding of the Yamataian Empress as a divine figure, the Myaarmese monarchy was abolished. This resulted in major uprisings that were put down brutally, but had the side effect of encouraging Yamatai-educated students and political groups to form and agitate for a more democratic form of local government, desiring to move away from the stifling centuries-old rule-by-nobles and towards the democracy that Yamatai had.
- 1 History
- 2 Government and politics
- 3 Economy
Subsequently, Myaar'tway was invaded and claimed by Yamatai as a colony in 1800, though Yamataian outposts had already appeared since around 1750. The Myaarmese monarchy was allowed to remain in power in partnership with the Yamataian colonial structures, while the Yamataians brought in modernisation and investment capital. However, everything changed in the 1860s and the Cherry Blossom Revolution, which turned Yamatai into an absolute monarchy. Myaar'tway was nationalised as part of the Greater Empire, and the Myaarmese monarchy were forced to grant the throne to Empress Kayako. Myaar'tway was then governed directly by the Yamataians, who violently subjugated resistance and expanded development to fuel their growing needs in the rapidly-developing Home Islands. Myaar'tway became the main source of resources for Yamatai's rise in the early 20th century.
As the standards of education rose, so too did the amount of Myaarmese sent overseas to study. They brought back revolutionary ideas and resistance began fomenting even as Yamatai began its murderous rise. In the 1920s, an abortive revolution led by U Aye Soe resulted in Soe's imprisonment, and by chance he was imprisoned with the Hinoan socialist revolutionary Hanzawa Akagane, who taught Soe socialist theory and brought him along during his escape and subsequent visits to Namgiang to lobby for support. With Giangi support, Soe began a guerilla war against the Yamataian authorities from the 1940s, as Yamatai was fighting the Endwar.
In 1942, as part of the war against Yamatai, Shirakawa invaded Yamataian Myaar'tway, which had long been cut off from Yamatai itself and had been secretly preparing to launch a counterattack on some unknown location. With the ceasefire signed in 1943, Shirakawan troops occupied Myaar'tway, which itself was still officially under Yamataian administration.
It was in this context that U Aye Soe launched his revolution in mid 1945, seizing major cities with covert Namgiang support. In this 'shadow war', Shirakawa supported the Yamataian colonial government to fight against the revolutionaries as well as the 'volunteer' Giang troops, while seemingly working with Namgiang to pacify Jiquan in the north. The colonial forces of both Yashiman nations fared badly against the revolutionary troops. In 1949, the Treaty of Eito forced Yamatai to hold plebiscites in the areas which had been conquered by the Allied nations, namely Myaar'tway, Hinomoto and Uchina. However, so little of Myaar'tway was in the Allies' or Yamatai's control at the time that the plebiscite could only be held in the capital city Myithkantaut, and both Yamatai and Shirakawa withdrew shortly after.
Paranoid about a communist takeover of the South, the Allies and Yamatai empowered a dictator guy who then proceeded to genocide some ethnic groups. The Allies turned a blind eye to this but then the guy wanted to invade the North. Everyone was so afraid it would start a Second Central Escaric War, so nobody wanted it to happen. Then it was revealed the guy had already secretly built invasion tunnels under the border, and his Presidential Guard launched a coup - of his own regime, to make himself an even bigger dictator. So he invaded the North, which was better armed and prepared.
Then the North smashed the South.
Myaar'tway rebuilt and repaired itself based on the colonial infrastructure Yamatai had left behind, with major aid from Namgiang. U Aye Soe pursued a distinct agrarian ideology and emphasised 'improved collectivisation' to build a strong base for an eventual 'great leap upwards' in terms of industry, planned for the 1970s. However, the decline of Namgiang and the Hinoan War, which Myaar'tway saw as disadvantageous to the overall socialist agenda given the poor odds of victory (and delayed the plans for the Great Leap Upwards), led to souring of relations between Namgiang and Myaar'tway. The defeat of Hinomoto and the chaos in the Giang government led the Soe regime to begin competing with Myaar'tway rather than following along, and in 1976 Soe infamously proclaimed that Myaar'tway was the new Escaric socialist power, signalling the Myaar-Giang Split. The subsequent 1980 victory of Soe's own revolutionary support in neighbouring Pulau Todak brought the two main Escaric socialist states into further conflict, culminating in the 1982 Myaar-Giang Border War, which resulted in a stalemate and both sides claimed victory.
However, U Aye Soe suddenly died in 1984. His successor, his son U Wai Maung, was a poor leader who enacted many disastrous economic policies, including the Five Cities Three Lines concept that drove income inequality through the roof. By losing Namgiang as a trading partner and due to the ideological split from the rising West Escaric economies, Myaar'tway's nearest trading partner was now Etrulia, all the way over in Orda. The nations began declining rapidly while Maung survived five assassination attempts, two coup attempts and still found time to change the base currency denomination to 9. Even through all this, Maung still held on to the claim that Myaar'tway was the superior socialist state of Escar, though was aware that something was seriously wrong with the nation.
In 1990, Maung negotiated with investors from Yeongseon that were interested in developing the nation. The first Special Economic Zone, an "island of capitalism", was established in 1995, and Yeongseon became the first non-communist nation to trade with Myaar'tway since 1870. Soon, more SEZs began appearing in the Five Cities, and more foreign trade was welcomed cautiously. U Wai Maung was assassinated in 2008 to great global fanfare, having attained a reputation as "the Escaric tinpot dictator", with countless parodies and his likeness becoming the stereotype of the Eastern Escaric Third World Dictator in global media.
Once again, his son U Phyo Zaw was elected to office by the Politburo, apparently as it was believed that he could easily be controlled.
However, Zaw then defied global expectations by liberalising the national economy, particularly inviting the Western Escaric nations to invest in the country. Dropping the "superior socialist state" rhetoric, Zaw instead went in the opposite direction, even claiming that the nation was not a socialist state in a 2010 address to the OL (that was later retracted and "explained away" in an abstract manner). One issue that Zaw was determined to solve was the constant shadow of Namgiang to the north, which he believed forced Myaar'tway to spend such a large amount on defence (though it was also at least partly the constant wars against ethnic rebels and mass corruption leading to money drains).
To this end, in 2016, President U Phyo Zaw signed a landmark treaty with that which had been deemed the axis of evil for much of his father's rule: the Heian Cooperation Organisation. With this deal with the devil, which outraged Namgiang, socialist states everywhere, and Yamatai, HECO was granted the ability to lease bases in Myaar'tway, starting with the Pathein Blue River Multinational Naval Refuelling Base, which finished construction on 25th March, 2018.
Yet, even with the opened economy, military cooperation and new bridges of friendship erected cheaply with the West with local resources, it cannot be denied that U Phyo Zaw has succeeded in creating a smoke screen of new friendliness that masks continued repressive government tactics, mass corruption, concentration camps, forced labour and exodus, extreme poverty and income inequality, as well as ethnic cleansing in the picturesque Myaarmese hills. As HECO and Namgiang march towards an inevitable confrontation, Zaw's shrewd attempts to use this high-level rivalry to the benefit of his nation could lead to an outcome that nobody desires.
Government and politics
110,000 active, 310,000 reserve
Four Cities Three Lines
4 cities on the coast, linked by 3 arteries. Everything else is neglected to hell.
The major agricultural product is rice, which covers about 60% of the country's total cultivated land area. Rice accounts for 97% of total food grain production by weight. Through collaboration with the International Rice Research Institute 52 modern rice varieties were released in the country between 1966 and 1997, helping increase national rice production to 14 million tons in 1987 and to 19 million tons in 1996. By 1988, modern varieties were planted on half of the country's ricelands, including 98 percent of the irrigated areas. In 2008 rice production was estimated at 50 million tons.
Myaar'tway is also the world's second largest producer of opium, accounting for 25% of entire world production and is a major source of illegal drugs, including amphetamines. Opium bans implemented since 2002 after international pressure have left ex-poppy farmers without sustainable sources of income in the Kokang and Wa regions. They depend on casual labour for income.