|The Republic of Redon
|Motto: Union brings strength!
("L'union fait la force!)
|Anthem: Chant of the Partisans
(Chant des Partisans)
|Government||Unitary Parliamentary Consular Republic|
|-||Consul Supérieur||Matthieu Courvoisier|
|-||Consul Inférieur||Félicité Auguste|
|Legislature||Grand Assembly of the Republic (Grande assemblée de la république)|
|Currency||Redonian livre (£) (RDL)|
|Drives on the||left|
The Republic of Redon is a very old concept, dating back at least to the early medieval period, when the Dominate-approved Dux of the province was first overthrown by the elites of the region, who were dissatisfied with his heavy-handed leadership style and disregard for their commercial interests. The establishment of the Republic played an important part in the development of the legal precedent for free governance among Imperial successor states in the pre-modern Dominate.
In the early modern period Redonian explorers, generals and merchants established trading outposts across Orda and northern Osova, drawing in lucrative foreign trade. This era saw the emergence of the Excellences, the caste of bureaucrats, soldiers and merchants that made up the most successful elite of the Republic. Their power was gradually institutionalized from there on out, and they would remain absolutely dominant in the state's economy until the late 18th century, when the beginnings of industrialization began to sweep across Orda. The Redonian Empire sharply declined after this point, as it's loose network of trading colonies was rapidly eroded by the combined pressures of resurgent native kingdoms and new global imperial powers such as Svandary. In the Ordan trade, it began to fall greatly behind it's historical rival, Hyspania, and even moreso it's fellow Dominate republic, Zeeduyn. The decline also led to political tensions, as the dominance of the Excellences began to be questioned.
From 1780 - 1840 Redon suffered from a string of unfortunate events, known as the Grim Years, including rebellions, serious bouts of famine, wars with imperial powers and petty clashes with Dominate neighbors over borders and economic privileges as the specter of nationalism began to rear it's head. The final straw for the troubled republic was the 1838 Communalist Revolt, which saw dissatisfied peasantry stirred into action by radical religious factions into attempting to march on the capital, Senon. The capital rallied it's militia regiments, which under the command of the retired army general Galterus Bettencourt moved to mercilessly put down the rebellion. Bettencourt later however did not disband his forces when ordered to by the government, and proceeded to march on Senon himself. After taking the city, he implemented a military dictatorship with himself as autocrate, ruling until his death in 1873. His reign proved to be an immense stabilizing influence, as his secret police, the cavalerie civique, proved highly effective in rooting out liberal, seperatist, reformist and revolutionary sentiments among the populace. His economic reforms also succeeded in greatly reducing the state debt and ending crippling reparations agreements made with foreign powers during the Grim Years, at the expense of the final remnants of the Redonian Empire.
His death was followed by a short period of political uncertainty, as various factions jostled for power. Ultimately a continuation of the military dictatorship was prevented by the civilian faction coming out on top, and successfully orchestrating a purge of the military. A new government was formed, partially influenced by light populist sentiments but chiefly continuous with the 18th century Republic and Bettencourt's regime. It came to be known as the Grand Consulat, due to the greatly increased roles of the executive, and formed the basis for the modern Redonian political system.
During the Endwars, Redon found itself on the frontline, invaded by the Hyspanic New State. Eventually, with the help of the rest of the Dominate, the tide of war turned and the invaders were driven out. Redon however was left devastated by the conflict, and suffered a major depression thereafter, from which it would not really recover until the 1960s. From there onwards it began to grow quickly, as much of the Republic's heavy industry came to be replaced by services. Finance was a particularly successful sector, owing to the lax regulations imposed by the government. This grow eventually slowed down by the 1990s, and since then Redon has remained an economically influential part of the Dominate, and one of it's larger military powers, albeit slightly behind it's peers in living standards.
Redon is a unitary semi-parliamentary republic. The head of state of Redon is officially the Premier, a figurehead elected for life by the ruling councils of every département of the Republic. Any citizen recognized by the Republic as being of exceptional merit or of having contributed a great deal to the welfare of the State (a class known as the excellences) may be nominated for election to the office. However the position is effectively fully ceremonial, and the Premier's role is limited to their involvement in civic and religious ceremonies. Government and diplomacy are in reality handled by the Consul Supérieur, who along with the Consul Inférieur heads the cabinet, which is known as the Conseil de la République.
Consuls are appointed by the Estate of Electors (états électeurs), a body of officials directly elected through a first past the post system every 10 years, with one elector for each department.
The Exalted Assembly of the Republic is the unicameral legislature of Redon. The Electors form the majority of voting members in the Assembly, holding 171 of 205 seats. The remaining 35 seats are divided between the Estates of the Aldermen (états échevins) with 13 seats, elected by members of the Republic's traditionally established guilds and trading companies, and the the Estates of the Worthy (états digne) with 22, elected by the excellences. The Aldermen and Worthies votes are weighted so that they are worth more than those of the ordinary electors.
Each of the 171 departments has a local council. Each council is headed by a juge de paix and a directeur; the former is elected by the members of the council with approval from the Assembly, while the latter is directly by the Consulate. Any citizen may be admitted to their local council simply by applying to it's juge de paix with relevant documentation, and consequently councils vary greatly in size from around 20 individuals to well into the hundreds, often fluctuating during major political changes. The Council elect the ministers of the inner council of the department, who along with the juge de paix and the directeur are the actual government of the region, though in certain cases a juge may call a general vote in the council to decide policy.