Redon

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The Republic of Redon
République redonaise
Flag Coat of Arms
Motto: Union brings strength!
("L'union fait la force!)
Anthem: Song of the Republic
(Chant de la République)
Location of Redon in Southern Orda
CapitalSenon
Official languages Redonian
Government Unitary Parliamentary Consular Republic
 -  Premier Almaricus Clérisseau
 -  Consul Supérieur Matthieu Courvoisier
 -  Consul Inférieur Félicité Auguste
Legislature Grand Assembly of the Republic (Grande assemblée de la république)
Population
 -  2019 estimate 35,298,040
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
 -  Total $364.03 billion
 -  Per capita $10,313
Gini49.2
high
HDI 0.629
medium
Currency Crown (CDC)
Date format dd-mm-yyyy
Drives on the left
Internet TLD .mr

The Republic of Redon (Redonian: République redonaise), commonly known simply as Redon, is a republic in southern Orda, and a subject state of the Dominate. It is bordered to the north by Khornera, to the west by Zeeduyn and to the south by New Hyspania.

Redon is a Unitary Republic with a Parliamentary system of governance centered on the Grand Assembly of the Republic and the two Consuls, who serve as heads of Government. The formal head of state of the Republic is the Premier of Redon, a largely ceremonial figurehead who mostly participates in civic and religious ceremonies, and serves as a representative of the Republic within the Dominate. The current Premier is Almaricus Clérisseau. Despite it's Republicanism, Redon continues to recognize the Dominus as an Imperial suzerain and religious leader.

As one of the earliest major autonomous regions of the Imperial sphere, the Redonian Republic in many ways set a legal precedent for the decentralized model of national sovereignty that would eventually lead to the inception of the Dominate as it exists in modernity. It succeeded in maintaining it's treasured freedoms thanks to it's dominance of maritime trade throughout the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries, as well as it's military importance as an Imperial frontier state, bearing the brunt of historical conflict with the Hyspanic empire. During the Endwar in Orda, it was invaded and occupied by the forces of the Hyspanic dictator Eutanasio, until it's eventual liberation by the Dominate and allied forces. The destruction caused by the conflict was great, and economic development was severely affected, leading to what was known as the Lost Decades between the 1940s and 1990s. To this day Redon remains behind the rest of the Dominate economically, though it is now the fastest growing of the Dominate states.

Redon is a founding member of the Ordic League.

History[edit]

The Republic of Redon is a very old concept, dating back at least to the early medieval period, when the Dominate-approved Dux of the province was first overthrown by the elites of the region, who were dissatisfied with his heavy-handed leadership style and disregard for their commercial interests. The establishment of the Republic played an important part in the development of the legal precedent for free governance among Imperial successor states in the pre-modern Dominate.

In the early modern period Redonian explorers, generals and merchants established trading outposts across Orda and northern Osova, drawing in lucrative foreign trade. This era saw the emergence of the Excellences, the caste of bureaucrats, soldiers and merchants that made up the most successful elite of the Republic. Their power was gradually institutionalized from there on out, and they would remain absolutely dominant in the state's economy until the late 18th century, when the beginnings of industrialization began to sweep across Orda. The Redonian Empire sharply declined after this point, as it's loose network of trading colonies was rapidly eroded by the combined pressures of resurgent native kingdoms and new global imperial powers such as Zusea. In the Ordan trade, it began to fall greatly behind it's historical rival, Hyspania, and even moreso it's fellow Dominate republic, Zeeduyn. The decline also led to political tensions, as the dominance of the Excellences began to be questioned.

From 1780 - 1840 Redon suffered from a string of unfortunate events, known as the Grim Years, including rebellions, serious bouts of famine, wars with imperial powers and petty clashes with Dominate neighbors over borders and economic privileges as the specter of nationalism began to rear it's head. The final straw for the troubled republic was the 1838 Communalist Revolt, which saw dissatisfied peasantry stirred into action by radical religious factions into attempting to march on the capital, Senon. The capital rallied it's militia regiments, which under the command of the retired army general Galterus Bettencourt moved to mercilessly put down the rebellion. Bettencourt later however did not disband his forces when ordered to by the government, and proceeded to march on Senon himself. After taking the city, he implemented a military dictatorship with himself as autocrate, ruling until his death in 1873. His reign proved to be an immense stabilizing influence, as his secret police, the cavalerie civique, proved highly effective in rooting out liberal, seperatist, reformist and revolutionary sentiments among the populace. His economic reforms also succeeded in greatly reducing the state debt and ending crippling reparations agreements made with foreign powers during the Grim Years, at the expense of the final remnants of the Redonian Empire.

His death was followed by a short period of political uncertainty, as various factions jostled for power. Ultimately a continuation of the military dictatorship was prevented by the civilian faction coming out on top, and successfully orchestrating a purge of the military. A new government was formed, partially influenced by light populist sentiments but chiefly continuous with the 18th century Republic and Bettencourt's regime. It came to be known as the Grand Consulat, due to the greatly increased roles of the executive, and formed the basis for the modern Redonian political system.

During the Endwars, Redon found itself on the frontline, invaded by the Hyspanic New State. Eventually, with the help of the rest of the Dominate, the tide of war turned and the invaders were driven out. Redon however was left devastated by the conflict, and suffered a major depression thereafter [WIP]

Politics[edit]

Redon is a unitary parliamentary republic. The head of state of Redon is the Premier, a figurehead elected for life by the ruling councils of every department of the Republic. Any citizen recognized by the Republic as being of exceptional merit or of having contributed a great deal to the welfare of the State may be nominated for election to the office - common candidates are writers, scientists, entrepreneurs and philanthropists. However the position is effectively fully ceremonial, and the Premier's role is limited to their involvement in civic and religious ceremonies. Government and diplomacy are in reality handled by the Consul Supérieur, who along with the Consul Inférieur heads the cabinet, which is known as the Council of the Republic.

The Exalted Assembly of the Republic is the national legislature of Redon, consisting of three Estates, which all sit in the same chamber. The House of Electors, elected every 10 years by proportional representation, holds the majority of votes in the Assembly, with 176 of 270 seats. The remaining 94 seats are divided between the Estate of the Aldermen with 32 seats, elected by members of the Republic's traditionally established guilds and trading companies, and the Estate of the Worthy with 62, whom are elected by their peers in the Redonian aristocracy, known as the Excellences. Members of the latter two houses traditionally renounce any party affiliations upon appointment.

Political Party Name Seats in the Estate of Electors Ideology Alignment
La République Résolu
37 / 176
Liberal conservative, Dominate-loyalist Government
Liberté et Justice
19 / 176
Centrist, Dominate-loyalist, Mixed economy Government
Harmonie
5 / 176
Clericalist, Conservative, Religious welfare, Aristocratic interests Government
La Liberté Avant Tout
27 / 176
Socially Liberal, Nationalist, Reformist, Anti-Aristocratic, Mixed Economy Opposition
Nouvelle République
23 / 176
Reactionary, Nationalist, Radical Reformist, Affiliated with Sabres d'Argent. Opposition
Redon Libre
19 / 176
Souverainist, Democratic Socialist, Populist, Anti-Aristocratic, Radical Reformist, Syndicalist Opposition
Union des Républicains
16 / 176
Center-right, Classically liberal, Reformist, Moderate Opposition
Flambeaux de Jove
12 / 176
Reactionary, Dominate Loyalist, Glorianist Opposition
Fédération d'Humanistes Socialistes
10 / 176
Christian Socialists, Christian interests, Moderate Reformists Opposition
Alliance de la Droite Démocratique
6 / 176
Socially Conservative, Moderate Reformist, Federalist Opposition
Front Totaliste
2 / 176
Marxian Socialist, Vanguardist, Radical reformist, Anti-Aristocratic, Anti-Dominate, Affiliated with Cercle Rouge. Opposition

Legislation passed by the Assembly may be ruled unconstitutional by the Republican Tribunal, Redon's supreme court, which is made up of six Grand Justices, each elected for life by the nation's Justices of the Peace.

Each of the 171 departments has a local council. Each council is headed by a Justice of the Peace and a Directeur. Justices are appointed by the Consuls of the Republic, with confirmation from the Grand Assembly, and also serve for life. Justices approve the admittance of new members into their Councils, and also oversee the appointment of judges in their department.

Any citizen over the age of majority and lacking a criminal record may be admitted to their local council simply by applying to it's Justice with relevant documentation, and consequently councils vary greatly in size from as few as 30 individuals to well into the hundreds, often fluctuating. However, they are not legislative bodies - all local legislative authority is actually exercised by the Directeur and their ministers, elected by the Council every 5 years, though advisory votes are common.