|Democratic Republic of Songthom
コヲ ホア ヰアン チウ ソヲ トヱ
Cộng hòa Dân chủ Sông Thơm
|Anthem: People's Marching Song|
Topographical map of Songthom
|Ethnic groups (2016)||85.7% Songese
|Religion||82.9% Folk or irreligious
|Government||Single party socialist state|
|-||President and Chairman of the Communist Party||Nguyen Ái Cung|
|-||Vice President||Nakamura Nguyen Thanh Duc|
|-||Đinh Kingdom||11th Century|
|-||Empire of Songthom||16th Century|
|-||Annexation by Yamatai||27 June 1863|
|-||Partition||15 August 1946|
|-||Reunification Day||9 September 1956|
|-||Current constitution||29 June 2016|
111,082 sq mi
|-||2016 estimate||52 million|
|GDP (PPP)||2017 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2017 estimate|
|Drives on the||left|
Songthom, officially the Democratic Republic of Songthom (共和民主滝𩡋, コヲ ホア ヰアン チウ ソヲ トヱ, Cộng hòa Dân chủ Sông Thơm), is a single-party socialist state in south-east Escar. It is bordered to the north by Nakgaang and shares a maritime border with Pulau Todak. It has a population of roughly 52 million people. The capital of Songthom is Thủđô, and the most populous city is Hảiphòng.
In ancient Songthom, various city-states developed along the Sông river and the southern coast. For a long period, southern Songthom was under the influence of Cathai, while the northern part of Songthom was under the control of southern Gaangi kingdoms. An independent Songese state arose in 946 with the Pháođài Confederation, a coalition of city-states in the north along the Sông river, following a Songese victory at the Battle of Thănglong. This eventually evolved into the Đinh kingdom, which expanded and challenged Cathaian influence in the south, overthrowing the Cathaian tributary Khúc Kingdom in 1230 and unifying Songthom for the first time. The Đinh Kingdom eventually fractured into four rival warring states, Đinh, Trịnh, Lê and Nguyễn, during a period of strife known as the Four Kingdoms era. By the 16th century, the Nguyễn dynasty had asserted dominance over Songthom, unifying the nation a second time and leading to a period of prosperous growth under their empire. In 1790, Yamataian Holy Imperial Southern Mission representatives arrived in Songthom, negotiating a treaty with the Empire of Songthom to enable Yamataian investment, proselytizing and colonisation of the land, in partnership with the Nguyễn monarchy, in return for aid in industrialising and protection from Nakgaang. This changed in 1863, where as part of Yamataian Empress Kayako's Sakura Revolution, Songthom was forcefully nationalised by Yamatai, and subsequently directly ruled as a colonial subject.
After the defeat of Yamatai in the Escar-Varunan War, Songthom was partitioned between the Gaangi-occupied North Songthom and the Allied and Yamatai-occupied South Songthom, in an attempt by the Allies to force a stop to Nakgaang's spread of communism. In 1952, North Songthom invaded South Songthom, sparking the Songthom War, which ended in 1956 with a northern victory, founding the communist Democratic Republic of Songthom. With heavy aid from Nakgaang, Songthom rebuilt itself into a notable communist power in Escar, though various Gaangi stumbles in the middle of the 20th century eventually led to the Song-Gaang Split in the 1970s, culminating in the 1982 Song-Gaang Border War. Major economic reforms occurred in the 90s following a series of famines, transitioning from a command to market economy and inviting foreign investment, beginning with the Cửulong Special Economic Zone along the Cửulong river. Since 2007, Songthom's growth rate has been one of the fastest in Escar.
In 2016, Songthom became an observer of HECO, signing several treaties of mutual defence with the organisation, though it is not a member. Songthom is a member of the Ordic League and the Escaric Economic Forum.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Government and politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Infrastructure
The name Sông Thơm means fragrant river, and historically refers to the Sông river in northern Songthom. The first occurrence of the name Sông Thơm is in a poem dating to the 14th century, and the Đinh dynasty is known to have referred to the entire geographical region as such, spreading the use of the name through their conquest of the southern regions.
The situation would soon change dramatically due to the Sakura Revolution that occurred in 1860 in Yamatai, under Empress Kayako. In 1863, Yamataian troops suddenly attacked and occupied Thủđô, capturing the Songese Emperor in what would be termed the Thủđô Incident. Forced to sign the Thănglong Bay Treaty before abdicating and handing the throne to Kayako, the Emperor and Imperial Family shortly after fled to Orda. Empress Kayako became known as the Empress of Songthom as well.
Later in 1863, as part of the Second Northern War, Nakgaang attacked Songthom, but were repulsed and beaten back severely by Yamatai.
Nguyễn Tất Thành
Main article: Songthom War
Convinced that the state North Songthom's military was in was inadequate to defeat the Allied-backed South Songthom, Nguyễn Tất Thành repeatedly requested Nakgaang to provide armed support for a unification war against South Songthom from 1948 to 1952. He did not receive a concrete answer until 1951, when he personally visited Mahesawar to request support. Despite resistance from parts of the Gaangi leadership, particularly Nakgaang Foreign Office Secretary Rishabh Maitra, Nguyễn was promised several divisions worth of combat troops and large amounts of military aid, in the form of materiel and technology.
Nguyễn was correct in his assessment, however, and North Songthom's military was indeed in a poor state. Despite being slightly larger than their South Songese counterpart, the North almost completely lacked armoured combat vehicles or jet aircraft, and were still primarily euipped with Imperial Yamataian equipment as well as Gaangi surplus. At the time, the People's Air Force was still primarily comprised of Mitsuhishi Zeros, while South Songthom were already operating Shirakawan jet fighters. In addition to this technological gap, the South was also defended by Allied Military Assistance Command Songthom, which comprised of roughly 300,000 troops from the Allied nations and Yamatai.
Upon Nguyễn's return to Songthom in August 1951, mobilisation and training of the Songese People's Army began en masse, including the preparation of several "Invasion Tunnels" under the demilitarised zone into the south. Thousands of guerilla veterans infiltrated the South Newly-arrived Gaangi equipment was quickly deployed to the front, mostly consisting of medium tanks and artillery.
On 27 July 1952, the People's Army crossed the demilitarised zone, supported by heavy artillery and armour. Most of the People's Army's initial attacks were human wave or infiltration tactics as they were unaccustomed to engaging an enemy in the field, instead preferring to engage in guerilla warfare. Over half of the North's tank force was lost in the first few days, though similar problems plagued the South's Shirakawan-donated vehicles due to the jungle environment. The AMACS response was swift, with bombers almost immediately attacking North Songthom within the first few days, though these soon began to face Gaangi jet fighters.
The war left Songthom devastated, with the total death toll standing at between 966,000 and 3.8 million. Following the conclusion of the war, Nguyễn Tất Thành successfully resisted efforts by Nakgaang to depose him in favour of Liễu Thường in the Haiphong Affair. The last Gaangi troops withdrew from the country in October 1960 after repeated complaints from Nguyễn. In 1961, Songthom joined the Ordic League.
Songthom remained closely aligned with Nakgaang and the Seventh Internationale, receiving large amounts of developmental aid, equipment and materiel. Recovery from the war was quick, and by 1962 industrial production had reached pre-endwar levels. A distinct agrarian ideology was pursued, emphasising "improved collectivisation" to build a strong base for the planned Great Leap Upwards, a mass industrialisation project forecasted for the 1970s. Songthom became the communist world's second largest producer of rice. Nguyễn sought to develop Songthom such that the nation could be self-sufficient, particularly from Nakgaang.
When the Hinomoto Crisis occurred in 1965, Songthom urged Nakgaang to avoid an open confrontation with the Three Powers Alliance, as Nguyễn believed this would draw undue attention to the communist world and was disadvantageous to the overall socialist agenda due to the poor odds of victory. If Nakgaang was distracted or defeated in a war against the western Escaric nations, the Great Leap Upwards plan would also be affected, as some elements of the plan were contingent on Gaangi assistance. Consequently, Songthom did not get involved when war broke out in Hinomoto, a move slammed by Nakgaang, marking the beginning of an apparent Song-Gaang Split. After the defeat of Hinomoto and Nakgaang, and the subsequent chaos in Nakgaang following the April Government Crisis, Nguyễn solidified the split in a speech before the Seventh Internationale in June 1976, deliberately implying Songthom to be the new dominant socialist power in Escar.
Secret negotiations with the Todaki People's Democratic Rejuvenation Party in neighbouring Pulau Todak began in 1977 as Songthom began attempts to build its own communist sphere, as Nakgaang had done with East Jiquan. Full military support and developmental aid was promised to the TPDRP if they managed to seize control of the nation. In 1980, the Songese military invaded Pulau Todak to intervene in the Todaki Civil War, attaining victory by 1982. By this point, relations between Nakgaang and Songthom had declined to the point that in November 1982, the Song-Gaang Border War occurred with Songese troops crossing the Song-Gaang Border to claim certain disputed border regions, as well as landing on disputed islands at the mouth of Thănglong bay. The conflict escalated until both sides agreed to end the fighting, both claiming victory in the inconclusive war.
The death of Nguyễn Tất Thành in June 1984 resulted in a power struggle in the upper echelons of the Communist Party leadership, as a new leader was sought. Though he had already named General Secretary Võ Ngọc Linh as his successor, this information was suppressed by Minister of State Security Liễu Thường, who entered into a struggle with Võ, Marshal of the People's Army Lương Chí Giáp, and Nguyễn Tất Thành's son, Nguyễn Ái Quốc. Nguyễn Ái Quốc moved quickly to build up a clique of supporters, aiming to move beyond the appearance of nepotism, getting Lương and Võ's support against Liễu, all during the funeral arrangements and ceremonies for Nguyễn Tất Thành. Liễu Thường was later arrested for crimes against the state and corruption in his post as Minister of State Security, but he was later found dead in his country house outside of Thủđô. Nguyễn Ái Quốc was unanimously elected President and Chairman by the Cabinet on 15 July 1984.
The economy had already begun to stagnate in the 1980s, coupled with the failure of the Great Leap Upward to move Songthom into a fully industrialised economy. Under Nguyễn Ái Quốc's leadership, Songthom's economy would deteriorate even further. The loss of Nakgaang as a trading parter and the destruction of Hinomoto left Songthom with only Pulau Todak and East Jiquan to trade with in Escar. In the 1980s, Songthom's largest trading partner would be Gran Altiplano.
Nguyễn Ái Quốc's rule became even more dictatorial than his father's. Building a personality cult around himself and his father, he also enacted several bizarre policies such as changing the base denomination of the Vien to three on the advise of a soothsayer. Another major drain on resources was the launch of military attacks on indigenous tribes in the western mountains, with severity reported by the Akagi Shinbun as "tantamount to ethnic cleansing", ostensibly to force the natives to vacate the land for mining purposes. The spectacular failure that was the Sickles into Hammers programme in 1988, yet another attempt to forcefully industrialise the nation through forcing farmers into industrial jobs, led to the 8888 Riots, which caused international backlash against Songthom to skyrocket after international journalists witnessed helicopter gunships gunning down protestors. Heavy sanctions imposed on Songthom worsened the economic situation.
Songthom faced the worst famine in its history in 1990 after extreme rainfall and multiple typhoons caused the devastation of major farming regions. The government was forced to import large quantities of rice for the first time, and appealed to the Ordic League for financial aid and the lifting of sanctions. During this period, Nguyễn Ái Quốc survived at least fifteen assassination attempts. A coup attempt in 1993 by a faction in the People's Army threatened to throw the nation into chaos, but was put down quickly.
In 1994, Nguyễn Ái Quốc approved secret negotiations with Yeongseonin investors that were interested in developing in Songthom, also agreeing to begin opening the country for trade. The first Special Economic Zone, Silicon River, was founded in 1996, and foreign trade with Western Escar was cautiously begun. Major economic reforms were also begun to transform the nation from a command to a market economy. By 2000, more SEZs had been founded in five coastal cities, and the Songese economy began growing at an unprecedented pace with rapid foreign investment into the largely untouched potential of the nation. Songthom soon became the third-biggest supplier of rice to West Escar, particularly Yamatai.
Nguyễn Ái Quốc suddenly died in 2008, reportedly of a stroke while he was on his personal yacht. Before a power struggle could ensue, the Cabinet issued information supposedly from Nguyễn Ái Quốc's will that designated his son, General Secretary Nguyễn Ái Cung, as the next President. Leaked Yamataian intelligence revealed that this information, and in fact the entire will, was actually fabricated as the Cabinet believed they could easily control Nguyễn Ái Cung. The power struggle between the "old guard" socialist hardliners, a faction of progressives, and Nguyễn Ái Quốc loyalists, continued, with all three groups seeking to use Nguyễn Ái Cung as a figurehead leader. Mustering support amongst the Ái Quốc loyalist faction and the Ministry of State Security, Nguyễn Ái Cung conducted a mass purge of the Communist Party and the military, a process which took three years. In 2011, Nguyễn Ái Cung addressed the Ordic League and declared that Songthom was a country dedicated to peace and prosperity.
On 29 June 2016, a new constitution was adopted. In the same year, Songthom also applied for observer status to the Heian Cooperation Organisation, as well as mutual defence treaties that enabled HECO to construct the Blue River Multinational Naval Refuelling Base in Songthom, which finished construction on 25th March, 2018.
Songthom is located on in south-east Escar. It covers a total area of approximately 287,700 km2. Songthom's land is mostly hilly and densely forested, and two major mountain ranges account for 40% of the country's land area and tropical forests cover around 42%. Songthom is dominated by two mountain ranges, the Hoàng range and the Trường Sơn range, which are divided by the Cửulong river valley. The country is roughly bisected by the long Cửulong river, which runs from the northern Hoàng range to the Cửu Long delta in the south-east. The Cửulong river is considered a cradle of civilisation in south-east Escar.
Government and politics
Songthom functions as a highly centralised, one-party state. According to the current constitution from 2016, Songthom is a revolutionary socialist state guided by socialism and the Bharsarraut ideology. The Songese Communist Party has an estimated 3,000,000 members and dominates every aspect of Songese politics.
Nguyen Ái Cung is the current President of the Republic of Songthom. This post automatically makes him the Chairman of the Songese Communist Party and the Marshal of the Songese People's Army, making him the single most powerful person in the nation. His grandfather, Nguyen Ái Cung, is the nation's "Revolutionary President", while his father Nguyễn Ái Quốc is the "Grand Marshal of the People's Army", both still officially recognised as such posthumously.
Legislative power is held by the unicameral Assembly of Peoples. Its 687 members are elected every five years by universal suffrage. The Assembly of Peoples' duties include passing laws, establishing domestic and foreign policies, appointing members of the cabinet, reviewing and approving the state economic plan, and many others. The Assembly itself cannot initiate any legislation independently of party or state organs. It is unknown whether it has ever criticized or amended bills placed before it, and the elections are based around a single list of MCP-approved candidates who stand without opposition.
Executive power is vested in the Cabinet of Songthom, which is headed by the President. The Cabinet comprises of two vice-presidents, 30 ministers, two cabinet commission chairmen, the cabinet chief secretary, the president of the Central Bank, the director of the Central Bureau of Statistics and the president of the Academy of Science.
110,000 active, 310,000 reserve
Wet rice cultivation has historically been the base of the Songese economy. There is also an industry for bauxite mining in western Songthom, an important material for the production of aluminium. Rare earth elements are also extracted in the northern parts of Songthom. Along the coastal regions, fishing also accounts for a large portion of the local economies, though comprises just 12% of the national exports. Rice exports account for some 47% of the gross national product.
The major agricultural product is rice, which covers about 60% of the country's total cultivated land area. Rice accounts for 97% of total food grain production by weight. Through collaboration with the International Rice Research Institute 52 modern rice varieties were released in the country between 1966 and 1997, helping increase national rice production to 14 million tons in 1987 and to 19 million tons in 1996. By 1988, modern varieties were planted on half of the country's ricelands, including 98 percent of the irrigated areas. In 2008 rice production was estimated at 50 million tons.
Science and Technology
The first Songese person in space was Trương Phương Hoa, who was also the first Songese woman and first Songese person to perform an EVA during a 2015 mission to Heiwa. Trần Ánh was the second Songese person in space and the first Songese man in space, also visiting the Heiwa for two weeks of experiments in 2018.
Much of Songthom's modern transportation network traces its roots to the Yamataian colonial era, where they were developed to facilitate the transportation of raw materials to main ports.