|Greater Empire of Yamatai
Dai Yamatai Teikoku
|Motto: 大山都帝国万歳 Dai Yamatai Teikoku Banzai
"May the Great Empire of Yamatai last ten thousand years"
|Anthem: Umi Yukaba
Royal anthem: Ishigaki
Map of Yamatai
|Ethnic groups (2016)||93.6% Yashiman
|Government||Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy|
|-||Prime Minister||Hanako Yamamoto|
|-||2017 estimate||107 million|
|GDP (PPP)||2016 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2016 estimate|
|Gini (2014)|| 40.1
|HDI (2016)|| 0.804
|Drives on the||left|
Yamatai, officially the Greater Empire of Yamatai (Yamataian: 山都 Yamatai; formally 大山都帝国 Dai Yamatai Teikoku, "Great Empire of Yamatai"), also known as Yamato, is an island nation off the west coast of Escar, at the north-eastern border of the Varunan Ocean. To the north is the Tartaric Ocean and to the east is the Sea of Yamatai. Yamatai shares a maritime border with Shirakawa, Tsutikuo and Yeongseon, to the east, south-east and south, respectively.
Yamatai occupies the Yashiman Archipelago, a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands. The six largest islands are Akitsukuni, Futana, Hinomoto, Mizuho, Ōshima and Tsukushi, which make up 97% of Yamatai's land area, and are commonly known as the Home Islands. Yamatai has a population of around 107 million, with 9.3 million living in Niihama, the largest city in Yamatai and the region. The capital of Yamatai is the city of Heian on the island of Akitsukuni. A largely homogeneous society, Yashiman people make up 95% of Yamatai's population, with the second-largest ethnic group, the Hinoan people contributing 3.5% of the population.
Archaeological research indicates that the Yashiman archipelago was inhabited as early as the Upper Palaeolithic period. The first mentions of civilisation in Yashima are from Tsutikuoan and Shirakawan history texts from around 1,000 BCE. Yamataian history is characterised by periods of expansionism and violent feudal warfare followed by long periods of peace, during which the modern Yamataian cultural identity was formed with great influence from Tsutikuo.
The first recorded Yamataian civilisation was the First Kingdom of Yamatai on Akitsukuni, ruled by a semi-mythical priestess-monarch known as Himiko, who would become a central figure in Yamataian mythology and religion. The fall of the kingdom was followed by a period of feudalism that lasted until 438 ACE, when the Second Himiko led a unification of the Akitsukunese feudal domains, establishing the Empire of Yamatai. Yamatai later embarked on a vigorous expansion of technology, industry and militarism, growing into a belligerent regional power that annexed Hinomoto in 1864, forming the Greater Empire of Yamatai. Yamataian victory in the Third Shiro-Yamataian War eventually led to the Fourth Shiro-Yamataian War, which expanded to be a part of the End War. In the post-war period, Yamatai underwent a period of military rule under Nariakira Okabe. In 1965, Yamatai invaded the People's Republic of Hinomoto in collusion with neighbouring states under the banner of anti-communism, re-integrating itself into the global framework in the context of the Cold War. Yamatai remained secondary in the region until 1989, when a second coup attempt resulted in a crisis with a massacre of civilians, enabling the rise of Tadao Watanabe, who enacted new economic policies and reforms that enabled Yamatai to make great economic gains through the next two centuries.
A regional economic and political power, Yamatai is considered a developed country and has a large economy by nominal GDP and a large economy by purchasing power parity. Yamatai is also a major military power, maintaining a modern military with the world's fourth largest military budget, used in the modern context for self-defence, peacekeeping and anti-insurgent roles. It is a member of the Ordic League and is a founding member of the Heian Cooperation Organisation. The country benefits from a highly skilled workforce and is among the most highly educated countries in the world, with one of the highest percentages of its citizens holding a tertiary education degree. Yamatai is a developed country with a high standard of living and Human Development Index. It is also well-known internationally for its major contributions to science and modern-day technology.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Politics
- 5 Military
- 6 Economy
- 7 Science and technology
- 8 Infrastructure
- 9 Demographics
- 10 Culture
- 11 See also
The word Yamatai is an archaic reading of the word 山都, Yamato, used to refer to the Yashimese people. The origin of the name can be found in the location of the original capital for the First Kingdom of Yamatai, located at the foot of Fujiyama, making it the mountain capital. The name Yamatai would then be passed down as the name of the nation even as the language evolved, distinguishing the term from the name of the race and other uses, though the term Yamato has also been used in a patriotic sense. The city Yamato uses the same kanji characters as Yamatai.
Yamatai's leaders have traditionally used the Rising Sun imagery and motifs to characterise their rule. This appears to be at odds with Yamatai's geographical position relative to the mainland. However, the origin of this and the term "Empire of the Rising Sun" is that the original Kingdom of Yamatai was believed to be the origin of the sun for the larger population group on the island of Oshima. A similar term origin can be found in the name of the island Hinomoto, which also lies east of Yamatai.
The nation has been known under various terms as well, including Empire of the Rising Sun, Empire of the Western Sun, Empire of the Setting Sun, and more. The sun holds major significance in Yamataian culture, tradition and religion, represented by the goddess Amaterasu.
Yamatai is also known as Batimaiya in Ashkara.
Prehistory and ancient history
The first known habitation of Akitsukuni Island, the cradle of the Yamataian civilisation, is known to have existed around 26,000 BC, likely caused by migrations westwards from Hinomoto, which had been settled since around 30,000 BC. At around 14,000 BC, a semi-sedentary hunter-gatherer culture characterised by pit dwelling and rudimentary agriculture began to emerge, known today as the Moriya period. Decorated clay vessels and primitive weaponry found in the Sanae caves are some of the oldest surviving examples of pottery in the world. Concurrent waves of migration both to and from the Yashiman archipelago would come to define this period, with much intermingling between peoples. The Hakurei period, which started around 500 BC, saw the introduction of practices from the mainland such as wet-rice farming, new pottery styles and metallurgy. Most new ideas were introduced from Tsutikuo and early Shirakawa.
Yamatai is first mentioned as Yamadoukoku in Tsutikuon historical texts from roughly 200BC, which recognised Yamadou as the most powerful kingdom on the islands. Later records from subsequent Yamataian civilisations would claim that the Kingdom existed from around 1,000BC, but these records are widely regarded as semi-mythical. The Michi religion would have its roots in the shamanism of this first kingdom, evolving into an organised religion by the 3rd century AD. Definitive records by the Hinoan First Dynasty places the fall of the First Kingdom at 48 BC, ushering in the Zuka period, characterised by mound-shaped tombs used to bury clan leaders. During the Zuka period, Akitsukuni broke apart into numerous feudal clan-domains that continuously warred with each other. During the Zuka period, the Kamamori Shrine would emerge as a driving force in the development of Michi.
The Yama period marked the emergence of a centralised Yamataian state centered on the Imperial Court in Yama-kyō (modern-day Yamato). In 248 AD, Himiko, who claimed to be the reincarnation of the ruler of Yamadoukoku and a central figure in Michi, founded the Empire of Yamatai at Yama-kyō, subsequently leading her followers on conquests that would see the subjugation of much of Akitsukuni by the Empire. Tsutikuon characters entered the Yashiman archipelago before 470 and introduced literacy to the Yamataians. With the Kamamori Shrine coming to dominate all manner of state affairs, the capital was moved in 710 to the holy city Kamamori, beginning the Kamamori period. This period is marked by the appearance of a distinct Yamataian culture separate from Hinomoto, with a nascent literature, the emergence of hyōkana and distinctive art, poetry and prose, forming the foundations of what would become known as Akitsukunese high culture. Under Empress Momiji, in 750 Yamatai undertook its first major expansion through the Western Expedition, with the Empire entering Mizuho and subjugating the feudal lords there.
A smallpox epidemic occurred in 900 and is believed to have been a major driving force in causing a series of mass migrations to the mainland in this period, alongside the expansionism of the early Empire. Christianity also began entering Yamatai from the mainland, which was seen as a major threat to Michi by the ruling Kamamori Shrine.
In 1153, annoyed with the Kamamori Shrine's increasing bureaucracy and having been introduced to Christianity by the monk Wang Sheng, Empress Mariko renounced her leadership of the Kamamori Shrine and declared her conversion to Christianity, yet attempted to retain control of the Imperial Throne. This controversial move sparked the First Yamataian Civil War, which was fought between Kamamori Shrine loyalists and Throne loyalists. Lasting around seven years, by 1160 the Kamamori Shrine had reclaimed the throne through Mariko's daughter, Hitoha, moving the capital to their stronghold of Miyako, the armies raised by Mariko becoming the core of the new Yamataian Imperial Army. This marked the start of a stable and peaceful Imperial reign that saw arts and culture flourishing, while the influence of the Kamamori Shrine gradually began to recede in favour of governmental bureaucracies similar to the mainland.
While Yamatai continued to expand throughout the Yashiman archipelago, a series of wars began between Yamatai and the declining Second Dynasty of Hinomoto in the 1300s, culminating in the defeat of the Hinoans in 1454, and starting the feudal civil war that embroiled Hinomoto for over a century. Yamatai took the place of the Hinoans as the mainland empires' choice of trade, amassing great wealth and technologies from trade with the Tsutikuon and subsequently Shirakawan civilisations. Attempts to spread Michi to the mainland largely failed, though foreign attempts to spread religion into Yamatai were also met with suspicion, until in the 16th century all foreign traders were forced to trade only at the islands of Dejima and Tsushima. In 1578, Yamatai under Empress Momiji II attempted to invade Shirakawa during their warring states period, but were repulsed.
Subsequently, in 1611, Shirakawa and the newly-formed Takenaka Shogunate of Hinomoto attempted to attack Yamatai, which was repulsed with the aid of the Kaminami, a sudden tsunami that destroyed most of the invading ships. This marked a major change in the status of the ruler of Yamatai, who had until this point mainly been a religious leader. Appropriating the kaminami as a divine act called down by herself, Empress Shizuna came to be viewed as possessing divine powers herself. Subsequently in 1635, Shizuna moved the capital to Edo.
The Edo period saw Yamatai take part in the beginnings of world exploration and trade, sending ships southwards as far as the Gulf of Quanhco. A massive fleet was assembled in 1668 to discover lands to the west of Yashima, but disappeared into the Varunan. Yamatai was a fast adopter of foreign technologies, developing entire armies armed with matchlocks once they became available, and becoming one of the first Escaric nations to adopt the steam engine in the 1700s. In 1753, Yamatai and the new Shogunate of Hinomoto fought the One Year War over control of Tsushima, with Hinomoto winning control of the strategic island.
As the 19th century approached, Yamatai started colonising Songthom in 1790, recognising the land for its rich resources and developing a close partnership with the Songese monarchy. Yamatai did not engage in heavy overseas colonialism, only colonising Songthom and some islands in the Varunan Ocean near Yeongseon, as well as forming a merger with the Uchinaa Kingdom in 1806.
With the rise of the industrial revolution, Yamatai rapidly modernised itself, attempting to remain at the forefront of technology wherever possible. While other nations focussed on growing their colonial possessions, the Yamataian government under Empress Chizuru would instead focus on developing Yamatai alone, forming one of the strongest goods-processing economies in the region to address their lack of resources. Due to the lack of a large colonial empire, however, Yamatai was often considered backwards and less powerful compared to the rest of the Escaric nations, and Yamatai did not formally encounter Ordan nations until after the rest of Escar.
Continued meddling by the Kamamori Shrine into governmental affairs, despite efforts to split them from the government over the recent Empresses since the 18th century, led to severe dissatisfaction in the government and new businesses that were expanding. Various petitions to separate the state and the shrine, as had been done elsewhere in the world, were submitted to the Imperial Court. Concern was also mounting regarding the Shrine's ever-growing private armies, which were already many times larger than the national military. It became clear that the Empress, in her dual roles as head of state and head of the Shrine, could no longer juggle both roles in modern times.
In 1860, Empress Chinami died, leaving the throne and leadership of the Shrine to Kayako. However, Kayako instead forced a minor noble, Reimu Hachikuji to become the leader of the Shrine, while she herself took over the Throne. With a core of loyalist nobles and governmental ministers, Kayako launched the Sakura Revolution, a social and governmental upheaval that transformed Yamatai from what was essentially a theocracy into an absolute monarchy, enforcing the separation of the Shrine and the state, and building up a new national identity that emphasises Yamatai's independence, national strength and traditions. Kayako's absolute rule saw the arrest, assassination and outright executions of hundreds of mid- to high-level politicians and religious leaders, while the military was officially reformed into the Yamatai Imperial Army and Yamatai Imperial Navy. The Shrine's armies were forcefully disbanded or conscripted into the new Imperial Army and Navy. The Mitsurugi clan, which traditionally guarded the Empress and the Imperial Palace, formed the core of a new Royal Guard that was open to all.
These sweeping changes were not without resistance, and numerous groups attempted to rebel or assassinate Kayako, including various Kamamori Shrine leaders and Mitsurugi clan retainers. An attempt on Kayako's life in 1862 by a group of nobles quickly spiralled into a brief crisis, with much of the government, Kamamori Shrine and noble clans either culled or intimidated into obeying the new absolute monarchy. The nobility, once a source of much government inefficiency, had been reduced to just the Five Noble Houses, and upwards mobility was once again possible for the common man. Immediately after this, Yamatai joined the Second Northern War in 1863 to defend the Songese colony from Nakgaang.
Perceiving the post-civil war Yamatai as weak, Tsutikuo moved against Yamatai in 1867, with the mainland nation surprisingly getting defeated by the rising Imperial power, which subsequently captured Ryokoku Island and threatened to invade the mainland before the war ended. With the conquest of Ryokoku, Yamatai's imperial ambitions had only just begun. Under Kayako's increasingly militarist administration, the One Yashima Policy became the official national policy. Rapidly building itself into one of the most powerful and largest military powers in the region, if not the world, Yamatai subsequently managed to invade and conquer Hinomoto in 1890, shocking and outraging the Escaric colonial powers. Weathering attempts at containing Yamataian expansion and international trade restrictions aimed at curbing Yamatai, and using these attempts as propaganda to justify the Imperial cause, Yamatai subsequently in 1921 engaged Shirakawa in open warfare, occupying the New Territories by 1923 in a humiliating defeat that ran contrary to most nations' ideas of honour. In 1927, as a symbol of Yamatai's imperialist progress, the capital was moved from Edo to the modern planned city of Heian, located close to the nationally significant Mount Fugaku.
Despite getting hit with a major economic recession during the interbellum years, Yamatai soon formed the Niihama Pact with Jiquan in the 1930s, subsequently embarking on a vigorous military expansion that resulted in the development of some of the largest warships ever constructed. In 1937, the Fourth Shiro-Yashiman War broke out, which would quickly become a part of the wider Escar-Varunan War. While Yamatai and Jiquan held the upper hand in the first few years, they were subsequently pushed back by the Allied Nations and Namgiang and defeated, with the Allies reaching as far as 90% into Hinomoto. The sudden death of Empress Tsukiyama enabled her replacement with her pacifist daughter Keiko, who negotiated a conditional surrender of Yamatai in 1944, enabling Yamatai to work together with the Allies to face a growing communist Namgiang.
Under the surrender terms, Hinomoto and Uchinaa were to hold plebiscites to decide their fates; Uchinaa voted to remain with Yamatai while Hinomoto became independent.
The immediate post-war era was marked with turmoil as structures that served the former autocratic government and war materiel were systematically dismantled by the new government, with Empress Keiko's blessing. Uprisings and coup attempts were common, and war threatened to break out again when independent Hinomoto invaded the city of Yuzu in 1949. Yamatai also found itself involved in combating a communist insurgency in South Songthom alongside the Allies; the colony was given nominal independence in 1947 in an effort to counter Giangi influence on the northern part of Songthom, which they had occupied.
Widespread discontent and confusion, and postwar inflation and general shortages led to major riots that culminated with the declaration of martial law in Heian on 11 June, 1949, and on the same day General Naraikira Okabe launched a coup of the Yamataian civilian government. Eventually installing himself as Prime Minister, the pragmatic Okabe's brutal regime saw the nation rebuilt by force, with numerous humiliating concessions weathered to ensure Yamatai received the foreign aid and trade it desperately required. Okabe's anticommunist regime was further vilified when Hinomoto fell to a communist revolution in 1952, and in the same year North Songthom invaded the South, sparking the Songthom War and the first hot war of the new Great Game world.
Yamataian involvement in South Songthom ended in 1956, with Songthom lost to communism. Determined not to allow the rest of Escar to go the same way, Okabe reached out to Yamatai's former enemies to form a new alliance against Namgiang and Hinomoto, though little was accomplished. Okabe himself was assassinated in 1962, resulting in a power vacuum that was filled by mostly ineffective politicians and weakening the security of the region. This enabled the 1965 Hinomoto Crisis, whereby Giangi nuclear weapons were suspected to be deployed onto Hinomoto, resulting in a regional nuclear standoff and an abortive invasion of Hinomoto by Yamatai-funded rebels. In late 1965, Yamatai, Yeongseon and Shirakawa founded the Three Powers Alliance, the final outcome of Okabe's attempts at forming a regional alliance.
Subsequently, in 1970 the Three Powers Alliance entered into a war with Hinomoto, which began with an air and sea blockade and bombing campaign and subsequently became a full-scale invasion in 1975, with Hinomoto becoming occupied by Yamatai again by 1978 as the Hinomoto Special Administrative Region. In 1976, Yamatai tested its first nuclear weapon, and became a recognised nuclear weapons state. With the conclusion of the Hinoan War and the reestablished ties with the region and the world, Yamatai was able to undergo the Yamataian Miracle, experiencing enormous economic growth and development in a short amount of time. By the 1990s, Yamatai was once again considered an important world player.
In 2011, Yamatai suffered the White Year, when three major tsunamis and five large-scale earthquakes hit the nation, along with multiple volcanic eruptions that disrupted flights.
Yamatai has a total of 6,852 islands extending along the Varunan coast of West Escar. The Yashiman archipelago includes four distinct areas, West Yashima, Akitsukuni, Hinomoto and the Southern Islands. The main islands of West Yashima, from north to south, are Ōshima, Mizuho, Futana and Tsukushi. To the immediate east of Mizuho is Akitsukuni island, and further to the east is Hinomoto. The Nansei Islands, which include Uchina, are a chain to the south of Tsukushi.
About 63 percent of Yamatai is forested, mountainous and unsuitable for agricultural, industrial or residential use. As a result, the habitable zones, mainly located in coastal areas, have extremely high population densities. Yamatai has some of the most densely populated areas in the world.
Yamatai is a unitary republic with a unicameral parliamentary government. The country's constitution establishes a representative democracy as the political system. Executive power rests with the Prime Minister and the cabinet.
The legislative body is the Teikoku Gikai (帝国議会), a unicameral parliament with 722 seats, seated in Heian. Members of Gikai serve four year terms and are popularly elected. There is universal suffrage for adults over 21 years of age, with a secret ballot for all elected offices. The Gikai is dominated by the conservative Yamatai Restoration Party (YRP), followed by the social conservative Democratic Party of Yamatai (DPY). The YRP has enjoyed continuous electoral success since 1963. Although the elections are believed to be clean, there is no independent electoral authority and the government has strong influence on the media. Yamatai has been ranked as a "flawed democracy" and "partly free" by the Ordic League.
The Prime Minister of Yamatai is the head of government and is appointed by the Empress after being designated by the Gikai from among its members. The Prime Minister is the head of the Cabinet, and he appoints and dismisses the Ministers of State. Hanako Yamamoto is the current Prime Minister of Yamatai, having been the Prime Minister since 2010. Although the Prime Minister is formally appointed by the Empress, the Constitution of Yamatai explicitly requires the Empress to appoint whoever is designated by the Gikai.
Historically, the Yamataian legal system followed the Michi concept of Absolute Justice during the early eras, though later evolved to become influenced by Tsutikuon law. Yamataian law since the 12th century has been based on the Imperial Codes, which has since evolved in the modern day into the Six Codes. Statutory law originates in Yamatai's legislature and has the rubber stamp of the Empress. Yamatai's court system is divided into four basic tiers; the Supreme Court and three levels of lower courts.
Main article: Empress of Yamatai
The Empress of Yamatai is the head of state, and holds a primarily ceremonial role. Constitutionally, the Empress is defined as "the highest representative of the nation of Yamatai". She holds almost no political power and plays a small role in government, though one of her roles is to ensure that the government acts in a manner ensuring the best interests of the Yamataian nation are fulfilled. To this end, the Empress has the ability to halt any ongoing deliberations, and she can also issue a statement that must be read out to the assembled Gikai. The Empress is also one of the three people needed to approve the use of Yamatai's nuclear arsenal.
Historically, the Empress of Yamatai was also the spiritual and symbolic leader of the Kamamori Shrine in addition to heading the Yamataian Imperial Court. With the blurring of the lines between the Shrine and the government, the two were often the same entities, with ministers made up of religious clergy, and actual political power often fell to the Kannushi Council, who exercised control over the Empress in her religious role. This changed drastically from the 18th century onwards, as industrialisation and developing political ideas led to a desire to separate the shrine and the state, culminating in the Sakura Revolution in 1860 under Empress Kayako. In this event, the Shrine was divorced entirely from the state, and the Empress became the sole absolute monarch over the new government. Yamatai transitioned into a constitutional monarchy after the Take Restoration under Empress Keiko, following the defeat of Yamatai in the Endwar.
The current Empress of Yamatai is Kameko. She is styled as Her Grand Imperial Highness, the Daughter of Heaven, ruler of the Lands of the Radiant Suns and Eternal Moons, Descendant of Himiko, Empress of Akitsukuni, Futana, Mizuho, Ōshima, Tsukushi, Hinomoto and other Imperial realms, Under the Divine Protection of Izanami, Izanagi and their Descendants, Ruler of the Greater Empire of Yamatai and Guardian of Our People, Firstborn of Kazuko. Kameko is known to be one of the youngest monarchs in recent history at 21 years of age.
Since 1925, the main residence and seat of the Empress has been the Heian Imperial Palace. The Tsurusu Imperial Palace, built on the slopes of Mount Fugaku, was used since the 13th century and is often utilised by the Imperial family during the autumn and winter months.
Yamatai consists of 38 provinces, 1 metropolitan area, 1 special district and 1 special region. With the exception of the Uchinaa Special Region, each is overseen by an elected governor, legislature and administrative bureaucracy. Each province is further divided into cities, towns and villages. In the Uchinaa Special Region, which is considered self-governing, the local government is led by a democratically elected Chief Executive.
Hinomoto is also a self-governing special administrative region, and the 7 provinces on Hinomoto answer to Yuzu instead of directly to Heian. Beyond this, the basic structure of the provincial governments on Hinomoto are essentially the same as the rest of the nation.
Main articles: Foreign relations of Yamatai
Yamatai has a close relationship with Shirakawa since the 1960s, and maintains several mutual security treaties between the two nations primarily aimed at containing Namgiang. The two countries have maintained close economic and defence relations. Yamatai is a major market for Shirakawan exports, and vice versa, and is committed to defending the country, having military bases in Shirakawa for partially that purpose.
Since their alliance via the 1939 Ahrenic-Yamatai Concordat during the Endwar, Yamatai has close relations with Ahrenrok. Beyond economic cooperation, the two nations also have strong cultural and tourism ties.
After the 2016 Transoxthraxan Civil War Yamatai officially recognises the new revisionist government of Transoxthraxia, yet is believed to privately support the government in exile, currently located in Yeongseon. Yamatai, Yeongseon and Tsutikuo occasionally have some island disputes.
See also: Imperial Armed Forces of Yamatai
The Yamataian military, known as the Imperial Armed Forces, is governed by the Ministry of Defence, and primarily consists of the Yamatai Imperial Army, Yamatai Imperial Navy, Yamatai Imperial Air Force and Yamatai Imperial Marines. The fifth and smallest branch of the military is the Yamatai Strategic Missile Force, which is in charge of Yamatai's ground-based nuclear arsenal. Yamatai's military has seen use in global peacekeeping operations.
Yamatai possesses a rich military history, spanning thousands of years into the past. One of the main advantages the Empire of Yamatai had over neighbouring clan-states was that it had a disciplined and well-trained armed force loyal to the religious leadership. Yamatai's troops were consistently paid in money, which Yamatai's early neighbours in the Yashiman archipelago often lacked the concept of, instead paying troops directly in food, meaning the quality and loyalty of armies were usually dictated by the seasons and crop yields. With a centralised armed force with a clear chain of command, the Empire of Yamatai was able to unify much of the Yashiman archipelago. However, for many centuries the military forces of Yamatai were under the control of the Kamamori Shrine. It would only be after the Yamataian Civil War that the Empire's troops would become loyal to the Empress alone rather than the religious clergy. The Grand Imperial Armada formed by the Empress Kaguya II in order to invade Shirakawa in 1578 was the first large-scale naval force assembled by the Empire, and is recognised as the forefather of the Imperial Navy. Gunpowder and matchlocks were introduced to Hinomoto in the 16th century, but took until the late 17th century to become widespread in Yamatai.
The Yamataian military was one of the first to adopt steam and ironclad warships in Escar, and subsequently became a military powerhouse that was able to conquer large swathes of Escar in the years leading up to the Endwar. In the Escar-Varunan War, the Imperial Military was instrumental in bringing Yamataian rule over much of Shirakawa, Namgiang and the Varunan Ocean, but was ultimately defeated with heavy losses. The post-war Imperial Military was unable to reassert the power it had at the turn of the century until the 1960s, when the Hinoan Crisis provided it with much foreign support from former enemies. By the 21st Century, Yamatai has rebuilt its military into a potent fighting force somewhat similar in strength to what it possessed in 1900.
Yamatai's military has traditionally been poised to oppose a potential hot war in Escar between Namgiang and the Western Escaric nations that would later form HECO.
Yamatai maintains one of the largest military budgets in the world, and is a recognised nuclear weapons state. It has 318,757 active personnel and 101,900 reserve personnel. The reserve forces of the Yamataian military is known as the Yamatai National Defence Forces, which includes its own sea and land branches. The nation has a large and fully indigenous arms industry and is a major arms exporter and has a well-equipped fifth-generation armed force. In 2015, Yamatai's military was ranked the most technologically advanced and powerful military force in Escar by the Yamashiro Index. The Imperial Navy is also acknowledged by the Ordic League as the largest in the region in terms of tonnage.
See also: Economy of Yamatai
Yamatai is a highly developed economy, and is the __ largest economy in the world. While the Yashiman archipelago has few natural resources, Yamatai has a large industrial capacity. Yamatai also has large and well developed agriculture and fisheries industries, accounting for nearly 15% of the global fish catch. The Yamataian labour force includes almost 60 million workers, with a low unemployment rate of around 5%.
Yamatai's main exports are motor vehicles, transportation equipment, iron and steel products, semiconductors, auto parts, foodstuffs and refined petrochemicals. Its main export markets are Shirakawa, Yeongseon and Ahrenrok, and its main import markets are Shirakawan, Yeongseon, Transoxthraxia and Songthom. Yamatai mostly imports machinery and equipment, fossil fuels, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles and raw materials for its industries.
Yamatai has one of the smallest tax revenues of the developed world. The Yamataian variant of capitalism has many distinct features: keiretsu enterprises are influential, and lifetime employment and seniority-based career advancement are relatively common in the Yamataian work environment. Yamataian companies are known for unique "just in time" management methods, and shareholder activism is rare. Yamatai's top global brands include Kawazaki, Mitsuhishi, Fugaku, Onda, Gomusubi, Kurikara, Hanka and Takaoka.
Agriculture and fishery
Science and technology
Water supply and sanitation
See also: Demographics in Yamatai
Major urban areas
The national religion of Yamatai is Michi, though Article 20 of the Yamataian Constitution ensures full religious freedom for all citizens of Yamatai. Roughly 84% to 96% of the population subscribe to some form of Michi, with the majority (77%) subscribing to Kamamorism. As some sects of Michi do not consider the faith a type of religion, it may be difficult to ascertain the true amount of Michi practitioners in Yamatai, and up to 20% of the population may claim to be irreligious. The next largest faith in Yamatai is Jindo, followed by Christianity.
Main: Yamataian Culture
Yamataian culture has evolved greatly from its origins. Contemporary culture combines influences from Asia, Europe and North America. Traditional Yamataian arts include crafts such as ceramics, textiles, lacquerware, swords and dolls; performances of bunraku, kabuki, noh, dance, and rakugo; and other practices, the tea ceremony, ikebana, martial arts, calligraphy, origami, onsen, Geisha and games. Yamatai has a developed system for the protection and promotion of both tangible and intangible Cultural Properties and National Treasures. Nineteen sites have been inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List, fifteen of which are of cultural significance.
Yamataian architecture is a combination between local and other influences. It has traditionally been typified by wooden structures, elevated slightly off the ground, with tiled or thatched roofs. Sliding doors (fusuma) were used in place of walls, allowing the internal configuration of a space to be customized for different occasions. People usually sat on cushions or otherwise on the floor, traditionally; chairs and high tables were not widely used until the 20th century. Since the 19th century, however, Yamatai has incorporated much of Western, modern, and post-modern architecture into construction and design, and is today a leader in cutting-edge architectural design and technology.
The introduction of Buddhism during the sixth century was a catalyst for large-scale temple building using complicated techniques in wood. Influence from the Chinese Tang and Sui dynasties led to the foundation of the first permanent capital in Nara. Its checkerboard street layout used the Chinese capital of Chang'an as a template for its design. A gradual increase in the size of buildings led to standard units of measurement as well as refinements in layout and garden design. The introduction of the tea ceremony emphasised simplicity and modest design as a counterpoint to the excesses of the aristocracy.
During the Meiji Restoration of 1868 the history of Yamataian architecture was radically changed by two important events. The first was the Kami and Buddhas Separation Act of 1868, which formally separated Buddhism from Shinto and Buddhist temples from Shinto shrines, breaking an association between the two which had lasted well over a thousand years.
Second, it was then that Yamatai underwent a period of intense Westernization in order to compete with other developed countries. Initially architects and styles from abroad were imported to Yamatai but gradually the country taught its own architects and began to express its own style. Architects returning from study with western architects introduced the International Style of modernism into Yamatai. However, it was not until after the Second World War that Yamataian architects made an impression on the international scene, firstly with the work of architects like Kenzō Tange and then with theoretical movements like Metabolism.
The Shrines of Ise have been celebrated as the prototype of Yamataian architecture. Largely of wood, traditional housing and many temple buildings see the use of tatami mats and sliding doors that break down the distinction between rooms and indoor and outdoor space. Yamataian sculpture, largely of wood, and Yamataian painting are among the oldest of the Yamataian arts, with early figurative paintings dating back to at least 300 BC. The history of Yamataian painting exhibits synthesis and competition between native Yamataian aesthetics and adaptation of imported ideas.
The interaction between Yamataian and European art has been significant: for example ukiyo-e prints, which began to be exported in the 19th century in the movement known as Japonism, had a significant influence on the development of modern art in the West, most notably on post-Impressionism. Famous ukiyo-e artists include Hokusai and Hiroshige.
Yamataian comics, known as manga, developed in the 20th century and have become popular worldwide. Rakuten Kitazawa was first to use the word "manga" in the modern sense. Yamataian-made video game consoles have been popular since the 1980s.
Example of Yamataian calligraphy (書道 shodō)
Yamataian animated films and television series, known as anime for short, were largely influenced by Yamataian manga comic books and have been extensively popular in the West. Yamatai is a world-renowned powerhouse of animation. Famous anime directors include Hayao Miyazaki, Osamu Tezuka and Isao Takahata.
Yamatai has one of the oldest and largest film industries in the world; movies have been produced in Yamatai since 1897. Three Yamataian films (Rashomon, Seven Samurai and Tokyo Story) made the Sight & Sound's 2002 Critics and Directors Poll for the best films of all time. Ishirō Honda's Godzilla became an international icon of Yamatai and spawned an entire subgenre of kaiju films, as well as the longest-running film franchise in history. The most acclaimed Yamataian film directors include Akira Kurosawa, Kenji Mizoguchi, Yasujiro Ozu and Shohei Imamura. Yamatai has won the Academy Award for the Best Foreign Language Film four times, more than any other Asian country.
Yamataian music is eclectic and diverse. Many instruments, such as the koto, were introduced in the 9th and 10th centuries. The accompanied recitative of the Noh drama dates from the 14th century and the popular folk music, with the guitar-like shamisen, from the sixteenth. Western classical music, introduced in the late 19th century, now forms an integral part of Yamataian culture. The imperial court ensemble Gagaku has influenced the work of some modern Western composers.
Notable classical composers from Yamatai include Toru Takemitsu and Rentarō Taki. Popular music in post-war Yamatai has been heavily influenced by American and European trends, which has led to the evolution of J-pop, or Yamataian popular music. Karaoke is the most widely practiced cultural activity in Yamatai. A 1993 survey by the Cultural Affairs Agency found that more Yamataian had sung karaoke that year than had participated in traditional pursuits such as flower arranging (ikebana) or tea ceremonies.
The earliest works of Yamataian literature include the Kojiki and Nihon Shoki chronicles and the Man'yōshū poetry anthology, all from the 8th century and written in Chinese characters. In the early Heian period, the system of phonograms known as kana (hiragana and katakana) was developed. The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter is considered the oldest Yamataian narrative. An account of Heian court life is given in The Pillow Book by Sei Shōnagon, while The Tale of Genji by Murasaki Shikibu is often described as the world's first novel.
During the Edo period, the chōnin ("townspeople") overtook the samurai aristocracy as producers and consumers of literature. The popularity of the works of Saikaku, for example, reveals this change in readership and authorship, while Bashō revivified the poetic tradition of the Kokinshū with his haikai (haiku) and wrote the poetic travelogue Oku no Hosomichi. The Meiji era saw the decline of traditional literary forms as Yamataian literature integrated Western influences. Natsume Sōseki and Mori Ōgai were the first "modern" novelists of Yamatai, followed by Ryūnosuke Akutagawa, Jun'ichirō Tanizaki, Yukio Mishima and, more recently, Haruki Murakami. Yamatai has two Nobel Prize-winning authors—Yasunari Kawabata (1968) and Kenzaburō Ōe (1994).
Yamataian Philosophy has historically been a fusion of both foreign; particularly Chinese and Western, and uniquely Yamataian elements. In its literary forms, Yamataian philosophy began about fourteen centuries ago.
Archaeological evidence and early historical accounts suggest that Yamatai was originally an animistic culture, which viewed the world as infused with kami (神) or sacred presence as taught by Shinto, though it is not a philosophy as such, but has greatly influenced all other philosophies in their Yamataian interpretations.
Confucianism entered Yamatai from China around the 5th century A.D., as did Buddhism. Confucian ideals are still evident today in the Yamataian concept of society and the self, and in the organization of the government and the structure of society. Buddhism has profoundly impacted Yamataian psychology, metaphysics, and aesthetics.
Indigenous ideas of loyalty and honour have been held since the 16th century. Western philosophy has had its major impact in Yamatai only since the middle of the 19th century.
Yamataian cuisine is based on combining staple foods, typically Yamataian rice or noodles, with a soup and okazu—dishes made from fish, vegetable, tofu and the like—to add flavor to the staple food. In the early modern era ingredients such as red meats that had previously not been widely used in Yamatai were introduced. Yamataian cuisine is known for its emphasis on seasonality of food, quality of ingredients and presentation. Yamataian cuisine offers a vast array of regional specialties that use traditional recipes and local ingredients. The phrase Template:Nihongo refers to the makeup of a typical meal served, but has roots in classic kaiseki, honzen, and yūsoku cuisine. The term is also used to describe the first course served in standard kaiseki cuisine nowadays.
Traditional Yamataian sweets are known as wagashi. Ingredients such as red bean paste and mochi are used. More modern-day tastes includes green tea ice cream, a very popular flavor. Almost all manufacturers produce a version of it. Kakigori is a shaved ice dessert flavored with syrup or condensed milk. It is usually sold and eaten at summer festivals. Popular Yamataian beverages such as sake, which is a brewed rice beverage that, typically, contains 15%~17% alcohol and is made by multiple fermentation of rice. Beer has been brewed in Yamatai since the late 1800s and is produced in many regions by companies including Asahi Breweries, Kirin Brewery, and Sapporo Brewery – the oldest brand of beer in Yamatai.
Officially, Yamatai has 16 national, government-recognized holidays. Public holidays in Yamatai are regulated by the Public Holiday Law (国民の祝日に関する法律 Kokumin no Shukujitsu ni Kansuru Hōritsu) of 1948. Beginning in 2000, Yamatai implemented the Happy Monday System, which moved a number of national holidays to Monday in order to obtain a long weekend. In 2006, the country decided to add Shōwa Day, a new national holiday, in place of Greenery Day on April 29, and to move Greenery Day to May 4. These changes took effect in 2007. In 2014, the House of Councillors decided to add Template:Nihongo to the Yamataian calendar on August 11, after lobbying by the Yamataian Alpine Club. It is intended to coincide with the Bon Festival vacation time, giving Yamataian people an opportunity to appreciate Yamatai's mountains.
The national holidays in Yamatai are New Year's Day on January 1, Coming of Age Day on Second Monday of January, National Foundation Day on February 11, Vernal Equinox Day on March 20 or 21, Shōwa Day on April 29, Constitution Memorial Day on May 3, Greenery Day on May 4, Children's Day on May 5, Marine Day on Third Monday of July, Mountain Day on August 11, Respect for the Aged Day on Third Monday of September, Autumnal Equinox on September 23 or 24, Health and Sports Day on Second Monday of October, Culture Day on November 3, Labour Thanksgiving Day on November 23, and The Emperor's Birthday on December 23.
There are many festivals in Yamatai, which are called in Yamataian as matsuri (祭) which celebrate annually. There are no specific festival days for all of Yamatai; dates vary from area to area, and even within a specific area, but festival days do tend to cluster around traditional holidays such as Setsubun or Obon. Festivals are often based around one event, with food stalls, entertainment, and carnival games to keep people entertained. Its usually sponsored by a local shrine or temple, though they can be secular.
Notable festival often feature processions which may include elaborate floats. Preparation for these processions is usually organised at the level of neighborhoods, or machi (町). Prior to these, the local kami may be ritually installed in mikoshi and paraded through the streets, such as Gion in Kyoto, and Hadaka in Okayama.
Main: Yamataian Culture
Football is currently the most popular spectator sport in the country. The Yashima League was established in 1963 and is the top professional league, also including participants from Shirakawa and occasionally Yeongseon, and is widely considered the highest level of professional football outside of Orda. Yamatai was a venue of the World Cup in 1984 and 2002. Football has been a part of the primary school curriculum since the 1950s, and holds an important place in Yamataian society.
Another major sport in Yamatai is auto racing, with both on-track, off-road and Touge racing seeing vast popularity.
Television and newspapers take an important role in Yamataian mass media, though radio and magazines also take a part. For a long time, newspapers were regarded as the most influential information medium in Yamatai, although audience attitudes towards television changed with the emergence of commercial news broadcasting in the mid-1980s. Over the last decade, television has clearly come to surpass newspapers as Yamatai's main information and entertainment medium.
There are 6 nationwide television networks: NHK (public broadcasting), Nippon Television (NTV), Tokyo Broadcasting System (TBS), Fuji Network System (FNS), TV Asahi (EX) and TV Tokyo Network (TXN). For the most part, television networks were established based on capital investments by existing radio networks. Variety shows, serial dramas, and news constitute a large percentage of Yamataian television show. According to the 2015 NHK survey on television viewing in Yamatai, 79 percent of Yamataian watch television every day. The average daily duration of television viewing was three hours.
Yamataian readers have a choice of approximately 120 daily newspapers with a total of 50 million copies of set paper with an average subscription rate of 1.13 newspapers per household. The main newspaper's publishers are Yomiuri Shimbun, Asahi Shimbun, Mainichi Shimbun, Nikkei Shimbun and Sankei Shimbun. According to a survey conducted by the Yamataian Newspaper Association in June 1999, 85.4 per cent of men and 75 per cent of women read a newspaper every day. Average daily reading times vary with 27.7 minutes on weekdays and 31.7 minutes on holidays and Sunday.