|Empire of Yamatai
|Motto: 山都帝国万歳 Yamatai Teikoku Banzai
"May the Empire of Yamatai last ten thousand years"
|Anthem: Onoe no Sakura
Royal anthem: Umi Yukaba
Map of Yamatai
|Ethnic groups (2016)||93.6% Yashiman
|Government||Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy|
|-||Prime Minister||Hanako Yamamoto|
387,926 sq mi
|-||2017 estimate||107 million|
|GDP (PPP)||2016 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2016 estimate|
|Gini (2014)|| 40.1
|HDI (2016)|| 0.804
|Drives on the||left|
Yamatai, officially the Greater Empire of Yamatai (Yamataian: 山都 Yamatai; formally 大山都帝国 Dai Yamatai Teikoku, "Great Empire of Yamatai"), also known as Yamato, is an island nation off the west coast of Escar, at the north-eastern border of the Varunan Ocean. To the north is the Tartaric Ocean and to the east is the Sea of Yamatai. Yamatai shares a maritime border with Chisei, Tsutikuo and Yeongseon, to the east, south-east and south, respectively.
Yamatai occupies the Yashiman Archipelago, a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands. The six largest islands are Akitsukuni, Futana, Hinomoto, Mizuho, Ōshima and Tsukushi, which make up 97% of Yamatai's land area, and are commonly known as the Home Islands. Yamatai has a population of around 107 million, with 9.3 million living in Niihama, the largest city in Yamatai and the region. The capital of Yamatai is the city of Heian on the island of Akitsukuni. A largely homogeneous society, Yashiman people make up 95% of Yamatai's population, with the second-largest ethnic group, the Hinoan people contributing 3.5% of the population.
Archaeological research indicates that the Yashiman archipelago was inhabited as early as the Upper Palaeolithic period. The first mentions of civilisation in Yashima are from Tsutikuoan and Chiseian history texts from around 1,000 BCE. Yamataian history is characterised by periods of expansionism and violent feudal warfare followed by long periods of peace, during which the modern Yamataian cultural identity was formed with great influence from Tsutikuo.
The first recorded Yamataian civilisation was the First Kingdom of Yamatai on Akitsukuni, ruled by a semi-mythical priestess-monarch known as Himiko, who would become a central figure in Yamataian mythology and religion. The fall of the kingdom was followed by a period of feudalism that lasted until 438 ACE, when the Second Himiko led a unification of the Akitsukunese feudal domains, establishing the Empire of Yamatai. Yamatai later embarked on a vigorous expansion of technology, industry and militarism, growing into a belligerent regional power that annexed Hinomoto in 1864, forming the Greater Empire of Yamatai. Yamataian victory in the Third Shiro-Yamataian War eventually led to the Fourth Shiro-Yamataian War, which expanded to be a part of the End War. In the post-war period, Yamatai underwent a period of military rule under Nariakira Okabe. In 1965, Yamatai invaded the People's Republic of Hinomoto in collusion with neighbouring states under the banner of anti-communism, re-integrating itself into the global framework in the context of the Cold War. Yamatai remained secondary in the region until 1989, when a second coup attempt resulted in a crisis with a massacre of civilians, enabling the rise of Tadao Watanabe, who enacted new economic policies and reforms that enabled Yamatai to make great economic gains through the next two centuries.
A regional economic and political power, Yamatai is considered a developed country and has a large economy by nominal GDP and a large economy by purchasing power parity. Yamatai is also a major military power, maintaining a modern military with the world's fourth largest military budget, used in the modern context for self-defence, peacekeeping and anti-insurgent roles. It is a member of the Ordic League and is a founding member of the Heian Cooperation Organisation. The country benefits from a highly skilled workforce and is among the most highly educated countries in the world, with one of the highest percentages of its citizens holding a tertiary education degree. Yamatai is a developed country with a high standard of living and Human Development Index. It is also well-known internationally for its major contributions to science and modern-day technology.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Politics
- 5 Military
- 6 Economy
- 7 Science and technology
- 8 Infrastructure
- 9 Demographics
- 10 Culture
- 11 See also
- 12 References
The word Yamatai is an archaic reading of the word 山都, Yamato, used to refer to the Yashimese people. The origin of the name can be found in the location of the original capital for the First Kingdom of Yamatai, located at the foot of Fujiyama, making it the mountain capital. The name Yamatai would then be passed down as the name of the nation even as the language evolved, distinguishing the term from the name of the race and other uses, though the term Yamato has also been used in a patriotic sense. The city Yamato uses the same kanji characters as Yamatai.
Yamatai's leaders have traditionally used the Rising Sun imagery and motifs to characterise their rule. This appears to be at odds with Yamatai's geographical position relative to the mainland. However, the origin of this and the term "Empire of the Rising Sun" is that the original Kingdom of Yamatai was believed to be the origin of the sun for the larger population group on the island of Oshima. A similar term origin can be found in the name of the island Hinomoto, which also lies east of Yamatai.
The nation has been known under various terms as well, including Empire of the Rising Sun, Empire of the Western Sun, Empire of the Setting Sun, and more. The sun holds major significance in Yamataian culture, tradition and religion, represented by the goddess Amaterasu.
Yamatai is also known as Batimaiya in Ashkara.
Prehistory and ancient history
The Yashiman archipelago was first inhabited by westward migrations from the mainland, with the first known signs of habitation dating to around 40,000 BCE in Hinomoto. Two main groups arrived in Yashima, with the Washu people originating from the mainland, inhabiting Hinomoto, while the Sanae people moved into Yashima via the southern island chain. Around 26,000 BCE, Akitsukuni island was inhabited by the Late Washu. This developed into a semi-sedentary hunter-gatherer culture characterised by pit dwelling and rudimentary agriculture during the Moriya period at around 14,000 BCE. Decorated clay vessels and primitive weaponry found in the Sanae caves dating to this era are some of the oldest surviving examples of pottery in the world. Waves of migration between Hinomoto and the mainland enabled the exchange of ideas, propagating slowly to the rest of the Yashiman islands. The Hakurei period, which started around 500 BC, saw the introduction of practices from the mainland such as wet-rice farming, new pottery styles and metallurgy. Most new ideas were introduced from Tsutikuo and early Chisei.
Though the Wa Kingdom in Hinomoto was the first recorded civilisation to exist in the Yashiman archipelago, the modern Yamataian state can trace its origins to Yamadou, mentioned in Tsutikuon historical texts from roughly 200 BCE. Early records define the Yamadou state as a major trading partner of the Wa Kingdom and the most powerful state to the west of Wa, though little else was recorded. Later records from Yamadou itself as well as the Kojiki would claim that it had existed since around 1,320 BCE, though these records are widely regarded to be semi-mythical.
The matriarchal Yamadou is known to have had some semblance of centralised government, with a central priestess-monarch known as Himiko ruling over a hierarchy of Jimi, priestesses that acted as religious heralds, messengers and enforcers of laws. Yamadou also utilised what is believed to be a state-constructed footpath network to consolidate control over all of Akitsukuni, originating from a capital at Yama-kyō (modern-day Yamato). The Michi religion would have its roots in the shamanism of this first kingdom, evolving into an organised religion by the 3rd century CE. Definitive records by the Wa Kingdom place the fall of Yamadou at 82 CE with the death of Himiko, though the state likely survived a few decades longer.
Fracturing into numerous warlord states, Yamatai entered the Zuka period, characterised by mound-shaped tombs used to bury nobility. Following around fifty years of conflict, the warlord states coalesced into three main states before 10 CE, Ito Domain in the west, Takashi State in the south and Gi State in the east. Of these, the Gi State would be the most powerful, becoming a vassal of the Shogunate of Hinomoto and enjoying heavy maritime trade with the larger state. During this period, the Kamamori Shrine would emerge as a driving force in the development of Michi, growing from the remnants of the religious clergy left over from the collapse of Yamadou.
Wielding considerable influence in this long, tumultuous period of conflict, the Kamamori Shrine was in a good position to carry out the unification of Yamatai. By this point, the original Himiko had become a central deity in Michi. In 248 CE, a priestess emerged who claimed to be the reincarnation of the original Himiko, proclaiming the Empire of Yamatai at Yama-kyō in Gi. This triggered the Waryoiki Wars (分領域) between the Empire and the Hinoan-backed Takashi State, though ultimately the Takashi were defeated when the Ito Domain joined the Empire, marking the start of the Yama period.
With the unification of Akitsukuni, the first properly centralised Yamataian state emerged, with its strict governmental hierarchy and state army providing unprecedented efficiency and stability to the nation. Tsutikuon characters entered the Yashiman archipelago before 470 and introduced literacy to the Yamataians, while culture and the arts flourished under the peaceful conditions. As the Yamataian Empire developed, they came into constant conflict with the feudal domains of West Yashima, though at times some of the domains were vassals to the Empire for brief periods. A major war broke out in 623 between Yamatai and the Chosokabe Domain on Mizuho, sparking a larger war between the Chosokabe and the Musashi Domain, which was then allies with the Empire.
The sudden eruption of Mount Fugaku in 710 destroyed Yama-kyō and forced the capital to be moved to the holy city Kamamori, beginning the Kamamori period. This period marked the appearance of a distinct Yamataian culture increasingly separate from Hinomoto, with a nascent literature, the emergence of hyōkana and distinctive art, poetry and prose, forming the foundations of what would become known as Akitsukunese high culture. Under Empress Momiji, in 750 Yamatai undertook its first major expansion through the Western Expedition. Annexing their vassal state the Musashi Domain, Yamatai invaded West Yashima and over a period of two centuries subjugated the feudal domains.
A smallpox epidemic occurred in 900 and is believed to have been a major driving force in causing a series of mass migrations to the mainland in this period, alongside the expansionism of the early Empire. Christianity also began entering Yamatai from the mainland, which was seen as a major threat to Michi by the ruling Kamamori Shrine.
In 1153, annoyed with the Kamamori Shrine's increasing bureaucracy and having been introduced to Christianity by the monk Wang Sheng, Empress Mariko renounced her leadership of the Kamamori Shrine and declared her conversion to Christianity, yet attempted to retain control of the Imperial Throne. This controversial move sparked the First Yamataian Civil War, which was fought between Kamamori Shrine loyalists and Throne loyalists. Lasting around seven years, by 1160 the Kamamori Shrine had reclaimed the throne through Mariko's daughter, Hitoha, moving the capital to their stronghold of Miyako, the armies raised by Mariko becoming the core of the new Yamataian Imperial Army. This marked the start of a stable and peaceful Imperial reign that saw arts and culture flourishing, while the influence of the Kamamori Shrine gradually began to recede in favour of governmental bureaucracies similar to the mainland.
While Yamatai continued to expand throughout the Yashiman archipelago, a series of wars began between Yamatai and the declining Second Dynasty of Hinomoto in the 1300s, culminating in the defeat of the Hinoans in 1454, and starting the feudal civil war that embroiled Hinomoto for over a century. Yamatai took the place of the Hinoans as the mainland empires' choice of trade, amassing great wealth and technologies from trade with the Tsutikuon and subsequently Chiseian civilisations. In 1533, Yamatai under Empress Momiji II invaded Chisei, taking over rule of Shirakawa, Rokutan and Hashino.
Subsequently, in 1611, Shirakawa and the newly-formed Takenaka Shogunate of Hinomoto attempted to attack Yamatai, which was repulsed with the aid of the Kaminami, a sudden tsunami that destroyed most of the invading ships. This marked a major change in the status of the ruler of Yamatai, who had until this point mainly been a religious leader. Appropriating the kaminami as a divine act called down by herself, Empress Shizuna came to be viewed as possessing divine powers herself. Subsequently in 1635, Shizuna moved the capital to Edo.
- Songthom was the first
- Imoshima (芋) was the second (late 1700s)
- Kitayoushima (Achkland islands) were next
- Miraikuni (Achkland mainland) was the last one
The Edo period saw Yamatai take part in the beginnings of world exploration and trade, sending ships southwards as far as the Gulf of Quanhco. A massive fleet was assembled in 1668 to discover lands to the west of Yashima, but disappeared into the Varunan. Yamatai was a fast adopter of foreign technologies, developing entire armies armed with matchlocks once they became available, and becoming one of the first Escaric nations to adopt the steam engine in the 1700s. In 1753, Yamatai and the new Shogunate of Hinomoto fought the One Year War over control of Tsushima, with Hinomoto winning control of the strategic island.
As the 19th century approached, Yamatai started colonising Songthom in 1790, recognising the land for its rich resources and developing a close partnership with the Songese monarchy. Yamatai did not engage in heavy overseas colonialism, only colonising Songthom and some islands in the Varunan Ocean near Yeongseon, as well as forming a merger with the Uchinaa Kingdom in 1806.
With the rise of the industrial revolution, Yamatai rapidly modernised itself, attempting to remain at the forefront of technology wherever possible. While other nations focussed on growing their colonial possessions, the Yamataian government under Empress Chizuru would instead focus on developing Yamatai alone, forming one of the strongest goods-processing economies in the region to address their lack of resources. Due to the lack of a large colonial empire, however, Yamatai was often considered backwards and less powerful compared to the rest of the Escaric nations, and Yamatai did not formally encounter Ordan nations until after the rest of Escar.
1687 war between the three Yashiman powers. Hinomoto
Hinomoto orchestrates some big marriage alliance between Saramosir and Shirakawa, seeking to increase it's influence on the mainland, and possibly build a coalition against yams since kaminami fucked their first attempt in 1611 with just shirakawa but then there's a break in the alliance between Hinomoto and the new Shiro-Saramosiri bloc and Hinomoto and Yams end up teaming up to avoid this wacky new Chiseian union from getting too established and a threat or something
Son of a merchant who rose up in the ranks took over the Imperial Court.
Following the disastrous Teibou War and the death of the Empress who died on the battlefield, the Kamamori Shrine took control through their control of the child Empress _.._ . Imprisoned in the enclosed Imperial City, the Kamamori Shrine's Kannushi Council came to control the Empress through an alliance with the Empress's Six Handmaidens, essentially giving them control over the Imperial Court and making them the de-facto rulers of Yamatai. The Kusakariki religious secret police was formed and began terrorising the population.
Government officials were increasingly replaced by Shrine monks and nuns, driving many officials to join the Shrine's clergy to keep their jobs. Corruption consequentially became increasingly widespread as the Shrine did not pay their clergy members, forcing them to rely on donations and other forms of income. In the late 18th century, taxes steadily increased each year due to gross mismanagement of funds, with large amounts of money put towards religious monuments and ceremonies. A portion of money was also lost to ever-increasing numbers of bandits and pirates. 
As the crime rate and resistance climbed across the country, the Kusakariki also became increasingly powerful. The Kannushi Council effectively lost control of the Kusakariki commanderies, which drew a large amount of public funds and were terrorising the peasant population with arbitrary executions and arrests. Infighting between different Kusakariki commanderies also occurred with frightening frequency, devastating peasant communities caught in the crossfire. The secret police were also effectively immune to any legal repercussions brought against them, and frequently executed any who opposed them. 
In 1798, the Kiyosu Warriors, a group of warrior nuns from Kiyosu island, ignited a rebellion against the Kamamori Shrine due to their opposition to the increasing corruption and bureaucracy of the Kamamori Shrine. The rebellion rapidly spread across the country. Despite strong suppression by the Kusakariki and the Pure Army, efforts were hampered by the generally poor state of the Pure Army, the occasionally violent rivalry between the Kusakariki and Army, as well as continued personal conflicts between Kusakariki commandery leaders. In 1800, the Kusakariki Yamato Commandery under Umezu Mako expelled the Pure Army from Yamato and declared the city closed, policing the urban citizenry and forcing the populace to deny that there was an ongoing rebellion. The relative security of Yamato led to a massive flood of refugees into the city, creating large slums and forcing the Kusakariki to tighten their grip.
Rebel forces, bolstered by defected Imperial Army troops, attacked Yamato in January 1802. A group of Kiyosu Warriors infiltrated Edo and made contact with the commander of the Imperial Royal Guards, securing their aid against the Kusakariki. On 25 January, the Royal Guards staged a coup against the Kusakariki, blockading the Imperial Palace and massacring any agents within the palace grounds, while the Kiyosu Warriors personally ambushed and killed Umezu and the Six Handmaidens. The leader of the nuns, Morishita Miyuki, met with Empress Chizuru and convinced her to endorse the rebellion against the Shrine to end the violence.
In the first public address by the Empress in almost a century, Empress Chizuru emerged from the Imperial Palace and ordered all combatants to cease fighting, and declared the start of the Bamboo Revolution, a series of dramatic reforms to the government of Yamatai.
As corruption in the Shrine and local government became even more rampant, an uprising occurred that stormed the capital, freeing the Empress Chizuru and exposing her to what was wrong with her country. Encouraged and supported by the newly-reformed Imperial Army, the Empress carried out the Imperial Revolution, a series of reforms to separate the state and the Shrine. A civil war broke out and the nine clans launched the Ebihara Rebellion.
As part of the Yamataian Imperial Revolution of 1802, the feudal clans were officially abolished and all feudal clans were ordered to hand control of their lands and properties to the Empress, and disband their armies. In return, clan leaders were given the opportunity for a place in the new unitary government that Empress Chizuru was attempting to build. In response, nine feudal domains led by Ebihara Seigo launched the Ebihara Rebellion to oppose nationalisation. The five remaining clans sided with the Empress, and aided the government in taking down Ebihara's rebellion. As punishment for their betrayal, the nine rebel clans were stripped of their titles, while the five clans that aided the Imperial government were allowed to form Yamatai's new nobility.
Subsequently, there was a period of democracy as the public was allowed to vote for their Prime Minister for the first time. However, the Imperial Army soon took over the government and Empress Kayako joined them, launching the Sakura Revolution.
Continued meddling by the Kamamori Shrine into governmental affairs, despite efforts to split them from the government over the recent Empresses since the 18th century, led to severe dissatisfaction in the government and new businesses that were expanding. Various petitions to separate the state and the shrine, as had been done elsewhere in the world, were submitted to the Imperial Court. Concern was also mounting regarding the Shrine's ever-growing private armies, which were already many times larger than the national military. It became clear that the Empress, in her dual roles as head of state and head of the Shrine, could no longer juggle both roles in modern times.
In 1860, Empress Chinami died, leaving the throne and leadership of the Shrine to Kayako. However, Kayako instead forced a minor noble, Reimu Hachikuji to become the leader of the Shrine, while she herself took over the Throne. With a core of loyalist nobles and governmental ministers, Kayako launched the Sakura Revolution, a social and governmental upheaval that transformed Yamatai from what was essentially a theocracy into an absolute monarchy, enforcing the separation of the Shrine and the state, and building up a new national identity that emphasises Yamatai's independence, national strength and traditions. Kayako's absolute rule saw the arrest, assassination and outright executions of hundreds of mid- to high-level politicians and religious leaders, while the military was officially reformed into the Yamatai Imperial Army and Yamatai Imperial Navy. The Shrine's armies were forcefully disbanded or conscripted into the new Imperial Army and Navy. The Mitsurugi clan, which traditionally guarded the Empress and the Imperial Palace, formed the core of a new Royal Guard that was open to all.
These sweeping changes were not without resistance, and numerous groups attempted to rebel or assassinate Kayako, including various Kamamori Shrine leaders and Mitsurugi clan retainers. An attempt on Kayako's life in 1862 by a group of nobles quickly spiralled into a brief crisis, with much of the government, Kamamori Shrine and noble clans either culled or intimidated into obeying the new absolute monarchy. The nobility, once a source of much government inefficiency, had been reduced to just the Five Noble Houses, and upwards mobility was once again possible for the common man. Immediately after this, Yamatai joined the Second Northern War in 1863 to defend the Songese colony from Nakgaang.
Perceiving the post-civil war Yamatai as weak, Tsutikuo moved against Yamatai in 1867, with the mainland nation surprisingly getting defeated by the rising Imperial power, which subsequently captured Ryokoku Island and threatened to invade the mainland before the war ended. With the conquest of Ryokoku, Yamatai's imperial ambitions had only just begun. Under Kayako's increasingly militarist administration, the One Yashima Policy became the official national policy. Rapidly building itself into one of the most powerful and largest military powers in the region, if not the world, Yamatai subsequently managed to invade and conquer Hinomoto in 1890, shocking and outraging the Escaric colonial powers. Weathering attempts at containing Yamataian expansion and international trade restrictions aimed at curbing Yamatai, and using these attempts as propaganda to justify the Imperial cause, Yamatai subsequently in 1921 engaged Chisei in open warfare, occupying the New Territories by 1923 in a humiliating defeat that ran contrary to most nations' ideas of honour. In 1927, as a symbol of Yamatai's imperialist progress, the capital was moved from Edo to the modern planned city of Heian, located close to the nationally significant Mount Fugaku.
Despite getting hit with a major economic recession during the interbellum years, Yamatai soon formed the Niihama Pact with Jiquan in the 1930s, subsequently embarking on a vigorous military expansion that resulted in the development of some of the largest warships ever constructed. In 1937, the Fourth Shiro-Yashiman War broke out, which would quickly become a part of the wider Escar-Varunan War. While Yamatai and Jiquan held the upper hand in the first few years, they were subsequently pushed back by the Allied Nations and Nakgaang and defeated, with the Allies reaching as far as 90% into Hinomoto. The sudden death of Empress Tsukiyama enabled her replacement with her pacifist daughter Keiko, who negotiated a conditional surrender of Yamatai in 1944, enabling Yamatai to work together with the Allies to face a growing communist Nakgaang.
Under the surrender terms, Hinomoto and Uchinaa were to hold plebiscites to decide their fates; Uchinaa voted to remain with Yamatai while Hinomoto became independent.
The immediate post-war era was marked with turmoil as structures that served the former autocratic government and war materiel were systematically dismantled by the new government, with Empress Keiko's blessing. Uprisings and coup attempts were common, and war threatened to break out again when independent Hinomoto invaded the city of Yuzu in 1949. Yamatai also found itself involved in combating a communist insurgency in South Songthom alongside the Allies; the colony was given nominal independence in 1947 in an effort to counter Giangi influence on the northern part of Songthom, which they had occupied.
Widespread discontent and confusion, and postwar inflation and general shortages led to major riots that culminated with the declaration of martial law in Heian on 11 June, 1949, and on the same day General Nariakira Okabe launched a coup of the Yamataian civilian government. Eventually installing himself as Prime Minister, the pragmatic Okabe's brutal regime saw the nation rebuilt by force, with numerous humiliating concessions weathered to ensure Yamatai received the foreign aid and trade it desperately required. Okabe's anticommunist regime was further vilified when Hinomoto fell to a communist revolution in 1952, and in the same year North Songthom invaded the South, sparking the Songthom War and the first hot war of the new Great Game world.
Yamataian involvement in South Songthom ended in 1956, with Songthom lost to communism. Determined not to allow the rest of Escar to go the same way, Okabe reached out to Yamatai's former enemies to form a new alliance against Nakgaang and Hinomoto, though little was accomplished. Okabe himself was assassinated in 1962, resulting in a power vacuum that was filled by mostly ineffective politicians and weakening the security of the region. This enabled the 1965 Hinomoto Crisis, whereby Giangi nuclear weapons were suspected to be deployed onto Hinomoto, resulting in a regional nuclear standoff and an abortive invasion of Hinomoto by Yamatai-funded rebels. In late 1965, Yamatai, Yeongseon and Chisei founded the Three Powers Alliance, the final outcome of Okabe's attempts at forming a regional alliance.
Subsequently, in 1970 the Three Powers Alliance entered into a war with Hinomoto, which began with an air and sea blockade and bombing campaign and subsequently became a full-scale invasion in 1975, with Hinomoto becoming occupied by Yamatai again by 1978 as the Hinomoto Special Administrative Region. In 1976, Yamatai tested its first nuclear weapon, and became a recognised nuclear weapons state. With the conclusion of the Hinoan War and the reestablished ties with the region and the world, Yamatai was able to undergo the Yamataian Miracle, experiencing enormous economic growth and development in a short amount of time. By the 1990s, Yamatai was once again considered an important world player. In 1991, however, a coup attempt occurred, caused by disgruntled Imperial Army officers.
In 2011, Yamatai suffered the White Year, when three major tsunamis and five large-scale earthquakes hit the nation, along with multiple volcanic eruptions that disrupted flights.
Yamatai has a total of 6,852 islands extending along the Varunan coast of West Escar. The Yashiman archipelago includes four distinct areas, West Yashima, Akitsukuni, Hinomoto and the Southern Islands. The main islands of West Yashima, from north to south, are Ōshima, Mizuho, Futana and Tsukushi. To the immediate east of Mizuho is Akitsukuni island, and further to the east is Hinomoto. The Nansei Islands, which include Uchina, are a chain to the south of Tsukushi.
About 63 percent of Yamatai is forested, mountainous and unsuitable for agricultural, industrial or residential use. As a result, the habitable zones, mainly located in coastal areas, have extremely high population densities. Yamatai has some of the most densely populated areas in the world.
Yamatai is a unitary republic with a unicameral parliamentary government. The country's constitution establishes a representative democracy as the political system. Executive power rests with the Prime Minister and the cabinet.
The legislative body is the Teikoku Gikai (帝国議会), a unicameral parliament with 722 seats, seated in Heian. Members of Gikai serve four year terms and are popularly elected. There is universal suffrage for adults over 21 years of age, with a secret ballot for all elected offices. The Gikai is dominated by the conservative Yamatai Restoration Party (YRP), followed by the social conservative Democratic Party of Yamatai (DPY). The YRP has enjoyed continuous electoral success since 1963. Although the elections are believed to be clean, there is no independent electoral authority and the government has strong influence on the media. Yamatai has been ranked as a "flawed democracy" and "partly free" by the Ordic League.
The Prime Minister of Yamatai is the head of government and is appointed by the Empress after being designated by the Gikai from among its members. The Prime Minister is the head of the Cabinet, and he appoints and dismisses the Ministers of State. Hanako Yamamoto is the current Prime Minister of Yamatai, having been the Prime Minister since 2010. Although the Prime Minister is formally appointed by the Empress, the Constitution of Yamatai explicitly requires the Empress to appoint whoever is designated by the Gikai.
Historically, the Yamataian legal system followed the Michi concept of Absolute Justice during the early eras, though later evolved to become influenced by Tsutikuon law. Yamataian law since the 12th century has been based on the Imperial Codes, which has since evolved in the modern day into the Six Codes. Statutory law originates in Yamatai's legislature and has the rubber stamp of the Empress. Yamatai's court system is divided into four basic tiers; the Supreme Court and three levels of lower courts.
Main article: Empress of Yamatai
The Empress of Yamatai is the head of state, and holds a primarily ceremonial role. Constitutionally, the Empress is defined as "the highest representative of the nation of Yamatai". She holds almost no political power and plays a small role in government, though one of her roles is to ensure that the government acts in a manner ensuring the best interests of the Yamataian nation are fulfilled. To this end, the Empress has the ability to halt any ongoing deliberations, and she can also issue a statement that must be read out to the assembled Gikai. The Empress is also one of the three people needed to approve the use of Yamatai's nuclear arsenal.
Historically, the Empress of Yamatai was also the spiritual and symbolic leader of the Kamamori Shrine in addition to heading the Yamataian Imperial Court. With the blurring of the lines between the Shrine and the government, the two were often the same entities, with ministers made up of religious clergy, and actual political power often fell to the Kannushi Council, who exercised control over the Empress in her religious role. This changed drastically from the 18th century onwards, as industrialisation and developing political ideas led to a desire to separate the shrine and the state, culminating in the Sakura Revolution in 1860 under Empress Kayako. In this event, the Shrine was divorced entirely from the state, and the Empress became the sole absolute monarch over the new government. Yamatai transitioned into a constitutional monarchy after the Take Restoration under Empress Keiko, following the defeat of Yamatai in the Endwar.
The current Empress of Yamatai is Kameko. She is styled as Her Grand Imperial Highness, the Daughter of Heaven, ruler of the Lands of the Radiant Suns and Eternal Moons, Descendant of Himiko, Empress of Akitsukuni, Futana, Mizuho, Ōshima, Tsukushi, Hinomoto and other Imperial realms, Under the Divine Protection of Izanami, Izanagi and their Descendants, Ruler of the Greater Empire of Yamatai and Guardian of Our People, Firstborn of Kazuko. Kameko is known to be one of the youngest monarchs in recent history at 21 years of age.
Since 1925, the main residence and seat of the Empress has been the Heian Imperial Palace. The Tsurusu Imperial Palace, built on the slopes of Mount Fugaku, was used since the 13th century and is often utilised by the Imperial family during the autumn and winter months.
Yamatai consists of 38 provinces, 1 metropolitan area, 1 special district and 1 special region. With the exception of the Uchinaa Special Region, each is overseen by an elected governor, legislature and administrative bureaucracy. Each province is further divided into cities, towns and villages. In the Uchinaa Special Region, which is considered self-governing, the local government is led by a democratically elected Chief Executive.
Hinomoto is also a self-governing special administrative region, and the 7 provinces on Hinomoto answer to Yuzu instead of directly to Heian. Beyond this, the basic structure of the provincial governments on Hinomoto are essentially the same as the rest of the nation.
Main articles: Foreign relations of Yamatai
Regionally, Yamatai has a close relationship with Chisei and Yeongseon. Yamatai has a close relationship with Chisei since the 1960s, and maintains several mutual security treaties between the two nations primarily aimed at containing Nakgaang. The two countries have maintained close economic and defence relations. Yamatai is a major market for Chiseian exports, and vice versa, and is committed to defending the country, having military bases in Chisei for partially that purpose.
Due to the Escaric Divide, Yamatai has poor relations with Nakgaang, and the Yamataian political stance is one of containing Gaangi influence.
Cross-Varunan relations with the Valeyan states are cordial and close at best. Since their alliance via the 1939 Ahrenic-Yamatai Concordat during the Endwar, Yamatai has close historical relations with Ahrenrok. Beyond economic cooperation, the two nations also have strong cultural and tourism ties, and carry out some military officer exchange programs. Yamatai also has close relations with Achkland. However, Yamatai has no official stance on the post-civil war Transoxthraxian government, stating vaguely that "Yamatai recognises the legitimate Transoxthraxian government as that which is lawfully chosen by the people of Transoxthraxia".
See also: Imperial Armed Forces of Yamatai
The Yamataian military, known as the Imperial Armed Forces, is governed by the Ministry of Defence, and primarily consists of the Yamatai Imperial Army, Yamatai Imperial Navy, Yamatai Imperial Air Force and Yamatai Imperial Marines. The fifth and smallest branch of the military is the Yamatai Strategic Missile Force, which is in charge of Yamatai's ground-based nuclear arsenal. Yamatai's military has seen use in global peacekeeping operations.
Yamatai possesses a rich military history, spanning thousands of years into the past. One of the main advantages the Empire of Yamatai had over neighbouring clan-states was that it had a disciplined and well-trained armed force loyal to the religious leadership. Yamatai's troops were consistently paid in money, which Yamatai's early neighbours in the Yashiman archipelago often lacked the concept of, instead paying troops directly in food, meaning the quality and loyalty of armies were usually dictated by the seasons and crop yields. With a centralised armed force with a clear chain of command, the Empire of Yamatai was able to unify much of the Yashiman archipelago. However, for many centuries the military forces of Yamatai were under the control of the Kamamori Shrine. It would only be after the Yamataian Civil War that the Empire's troops would become loyal to the Empress alone rather than the religious clergy. The Grand Imperial Armada formed by the Empress Kaguya II in order to invade Chisei in 1578 was the first large-scale naval force assembled by the Empire, and is recognised as the forefather of the Imperial Navy. Gunpowder and matchlocks were introduced to Hinomoto in the 16th century, but took until the late 17th century to become widespread in Yamatai.
The Yamataian military was one of the first to adopt steam and ironclad warships in Escar, and subsequently became a military powerhouse that was able to conquer large swathes of Escar in the years leading up to the Endwar. In the Escar-Varunan War, the Imperial Military was instrumental in bringing Yamataian rule over much of Chisei, Nakgaang and the Varunan Ocean, but was ultimately defeated with heavy losses. The post-war Imperial Military was unable to reassert the power it had at the turn of the century until the 1960s, when the Hinoan Crisis provided it with much foreign support from former enemies. By the 21st Century, Yamatai has rebuilt its military into a potent fighting force somewhat similar in strength to what it possessed in 1900.
Yamatai's military has traditionally been poised to oppose a potential hot war in Escar between Nakgaang and the Western Escaric nations that would later form HECO.
Yamatai maintains one of the largest military budgets in the world, and is a recognised nuclear weapons state. It has 318,757 active personnel and 101,900 reserve personnel. The reserve forces of the Yamataian military is known as the Yamatai National Defence Forces, which includes its own sea and land branches. The nation has a large and fully indigenous arms industry and is a major arms exporter and has a well-equipped fifth-generation armed force. In 2015, Yamatai's military was ranked the most technologically advanced and powerful military force in Escar by the Yamashiro Index. The Imperial Navy is also acknowledged by the Ordic League as the largest in the region in terms of tonnage.
See also: Economy of Yamatai
Yamatai is a highly developed economy, and is the __ largest economy in the world. While the Yashiman archipelago has few natural resources, Yamatai has a large industrial capacity. Yamatai also has large and well developed agriculture and fisheries industries, accounting for nearly 15% of the global fish catch. The Yamataian labour force includes almost 60 million workers, with a low unemployment rate of around 5%.
Yamatai's main exports are motor vehicles, transportation equipment, iron and steel products, semiconductors, auto parts, foodstuffs and refined petrochemicals. Its main export markets are Chisei, Yeongseon and Ahrenrok, and its main import markets are Chiseian, Yeongseon, Transoxthraxia and Songthom. Yamatai mostly imports machinery and equipment, fossil fuels, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles and raw materials for its industries.
Yamatai has one of the smallest tax revenues of the developed world. The Yamataian variant of capitalism has many distinct features: keiretsu enterprises are influential, and lifetime employment and seniority-based career advancement are relatively common in the Yamataian work environment. Yamataian companies are known for unique "just in time" management methods, and shareholder activism is rare. Yamatai's top global brands include Kawazaki, Mitsuhishi, Fugaku, Onda, Gomusubi, Kurikara, Hanka and Takaoka.
Agriculture and fishery
Science and technology
The Yamataian National Space Development Agency (UKAJI) is Yamatai's national space agency, conducting space, planetary and aviation research, leading development of rockets and satellites. UKAJI cooperates with regional space agencies and operates the Heiwa space station project.
Main article: Transport in Yamatai
Yamatai's main means of transportation are over 1.5 million kilometres of paved road. A single network of high-speed, divided, limited-access toll roads connects major cities on Ōshima, Mizuho, Futana, Tsukushi and Akitsukuni. Hinomoto has a separate highway network. The toll-collecting on these roads are operated by government-owned enterprises. New and used cars are inexpensive, with the government using car ownership fees and fuel levies to promote energy efficiency. However, personal car usage in Yamatai is the lowest in Escar, at just 50 percent of all distance travelled. Road spending in Yamatai has been extensive, and engineering feats have been carried out to connect major cities in Yamatai. These include the various long-span bridges and undersea tunnels that connect the islands of Yamatai. The longest undersea tunnel in Yamatai is the Nagato-Izumi Tunnel, connecting Nagato Province on Futana with Izumi Province on Akitsukuni.
Railways are a major part of the Yamataian transport network, especially for mass and high-speed transport between major cities and for commuter transport within metropolitan areas. Over 27,400 km of railways, of which 16,222 km are electrified, have been constructed throughout Yamatai. The rail system is partially privatised, with numerous private companies competing in regional and local passenger transportation markets. The major intercity and high-speed Niihayasuji passenger train lines are operated by four partially-privatised companies under the state-owned Yamatai National Railway Group. There also are some railway services operated by provincial governments. Yamataian trains are well known for their safety and punctuality.
There are 185 airports in Yamatai. The largest domestic airport, Edajima Airport in Niihama, is Escar's second-busiest airport. The largest international gateways are Edo International Airport, Niihama-Satsuma International Airport, Azumino International Airport (Shinano) and Yuzu International Airport.
Shipping accounts for a large segment of the national transportation system, with 994 ports in Yamatai as of April 2014. Niihama Port is the country's largest and busiest port, accounting for 10 percent of Yamatai's trade value, followed closely by Ise Bay International Port in Hyūga Province with 8% of Yamatai's trade.
Main article: Energy in Yamatai
25.4% of energy of energy in Yamatai is produced from nuclear power, 24.7% petroleum, 21.3% from coal, 21.4% from natural gas and 3.3% from hydropower. Yamatai operates 50 nuclear reactors, including the world's largest single nuclear power station, located in Kashiwazaki, Niigata Province. Yamatai has historically and continues to have a heavy dependence on imported energy. Yamatai has therefore aimed to diversify its sources, maintain high levels of energy efficiency, and develop new, self-sufficient energy sources.
Main article: Communications in Yamatai
Yamatai possesses one of the most advanced communications networks in the world. In 2008, the Ministry of Culture and Communications stated that about 75 million people used cellphones to access the internet, said total accounting for about 82% of individual internet users in Yamatai. A comprehensive network of modern technology, including fibre-optic cables and communications satellites, serves the national communications grid, maintained by a multitude of privatised corporations. There are eight nationwide television networks, with two run by the national public service broadcaster, YaHoKyo, and the others run by competing privately-owned networks.
The national post system is managed by the nationalised Yamatai Post corporation.
See also: Demographics in Yamatai
|Largest cities of Yamatai |
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More than 99 percent of the population speaks Yashiman as their first language. Yashiman is an agglutinative language distinguished by a system of honorifics reflecting the hierarchical nature of Yamataian society, with verb forms and particular vocabulary indicating the relative status of speaker and listener. Yashiman writing uses koji (Tsutikuon characters) and two sets of kana (syllabaries based on cursive script and radical of koji), as well as the Antaric numerals. Three mainly distinguishable dialects, Standard Yashiman, Hinoan Yashiman and Uchinaan Yashiman exist, though these are further split into a wide variety of regional dialects and accents.
Public and private schools generally require students to take Yashiman language classes as well as one foreign language course.
See also: Religion in Yamatai
The national religion of Yamatai is Michi, though since 1949 the Yamataian Constitution's Article 20 ensures full religious freedom for all citizens of Yamatai. Roughly 84% to 96% of the population subscribe to some form of Michi, with the majority (77%) subscribing to Kamamorism. As some sects of Michi do not consider the faith a type of religion, it may be difficult to ascertain the true amount of Michi practitioners in Yamatai, and up to 20% of the population may claim to be irreligious. The next largest faith in Yamatai is Jindo, followed by Christianity.
- The Holy Empire (1984), 149-152
- Grasscutter Blade (2005), 67-80