Yeongseon

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Kingdom of Yeongseon
대영선국
大永善國
Dae Yeongseonguk
Flag
Motto: 홍익인간
(Hanja: 弘益人間)
(English: Broadly benefit humanity )
Anthem: Anthem of Yeongseon - "대영선국 애국가"

Capital
and largest city
Cheongu
Official languages Yeongseongi
Demonym Yeongseonin
Government Unitary parliamentary neoconfucian constitutional monarchy
 -  Great King Yi Dae-ho
 -  Prime Minister Han Yul
 -  Speaker Sin Jun-min
Legislature General Court
Establishment
 -  The First Kingdom c. 7th century BC 
 -  The Three Kingdoms Period 30th BC 
 -  East-West Kingdoms 700 AD 
 -  Establishment of the Cheonhae Dynasty 915 AD 
 -  Establishment of the Great Yeongseon Kingdom 7th of August, 1392 AD 
Area
 -  Total 346,975 km2
133,967.796478 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 5.17%
Population
 -  2015 estimate 30,434,165
GDP (nominal) estimate
 -  Total $1,037,500,685,000
 -  Per capita $33,409
Gini (2015)23.7
low
HDI (2014)Increase 0.918
very high
Currency Won (W)
Time zone +0 (UTC Escari Island Time)
Date format yyyy-mm-dd
Drives on the right
Calling code 760
Internet TLD

Yeongseon, officially the Kingdom of Yeongseon or the Yeongseon Kingdom (Hangul: 대영선국; Hanja: 大永善國; Dae Yeongseonguk, "Great Yeongseon State"), is a sovereign state in Escar. An island country, Yeongseon has no land borders, only having Yamatai to the northwest and Tsutikuo to the Northeast as maritime neighbors. Yeongseon is a unitary constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy. The monarch is Great King Yi Dae-ho, who reigned since the 12th of June, 1996. The Prime Minister is Han Yul of the Grand National Party, who was recently sworn in since 2015. The capital of Yeongseon is Cheongu, a global city and a financial center with an urban population of 8 million.

The Kingdom of Yeongseon made a mark on the the development of modern Ordis. It had a rich history of being a major global power during the 15th to the 18th century, before falling into decline during the 19th century. After the Second Escar-Varunan War, Yeongseon became one of the founding members of HECO.

Yeongseon is a developed country and a high income information economy with a high Human Development Index. Yeongseon ranks highly among economic freedom, government transparency, quality of life, education, and moral freedoms. It leads in pharmaceuticals, organic chemicals, avionics, information technology, electronics, and financial services. Yeongseon continues to hold considerable economic and cultural influence over former colonies and its neighboring states in Escar.

Etymology[edit]

The name "Yeongseon" derives from the word "영선," which in the Cathai-Yeongseon language, translates to "Eternal Virtue." The name was established by Taejo Yi Jun after overthrowing the Cheonhae Dynasty, proclaiming a nation built on everlasting virtue in regards to stepping away from the corruption that persisted in the later Cheonhae Dynasty.

History[edit]

Prehistoric and Ancient Yeongseon[edit]

The first modern humans to settle modern day Yeongseon settled in successive waves in what believed to be 8000 BC from what is considered modern day Cathai (although evidences also seem to indicate a much earlier period of migration and settlement) in what's considered to be the Jeongmun period.

The history of Yeongseon begins with the founding of Buyeo in 2333 BC by Go Mosu, according to Yeongseon's foundation mythology. However, archeological evidence proposed that the foundation of the Buyeo Empire happened much later at at 7th century BC with Buyeo emperors incorporating conquered tribes' legends into their own. Buyeo expanded until it controlled all of Yeongseon. At 3rd century BC, the Buyeo Empire divided among east-west line. In 108 BC, the Shang Dynasty defeated Dongbuyeo and installed four commanderies within the territories while Seobuyeo continued to live on as an independent state. Three of the commanderies fell or retreated westward within a few decades, but the Lelang commandery remained as a center of cultural and economic exchange with successive Cathaian dynasties for four centuries, until it was conquered by Guri in 313 AD.

Many Kingdoms and the Two-States Period[edit]

Armor of Guri footsoldiers during the Three Kingdoms Period.

During the period known as the Three Kingdoms of Yeongseon, the states of Dongbuyeo, Muhae, Jin, and Imcheok occupied much of Yeongseon. From them, Guri, Cheonhae (also known as "Gocheonhae", or Old Cheonhae, to differentiate it with the 10th century dynasty), and Gaya emerged to control the land as the Three Kingdoms of Yeongseon. Guri, the largest and most powerful among them, was a highly militaristic state, and competed with various Cathaian dynasties during its 700 years of history in naval warfare and raids. Like Guri, Cheonhae was a great maritime power with its nautical skill, whcih made their shipbuilders and sailors to be desired by many. Gaya was the smallest and weakest of the three, but it used cunning diplomatic means to make opportunistic pacts and alliances with the more powerful kingdoms in Escar.

The unification of the Three Kingdoms by Gaya in 676 led to the East-West States Period, in which the northern half of Yeongseon was controlled by Later Gaya, while the Jin Confederation controlled the southern parts of Yeongseon. Jin was founded by a Guri general and was formed as a successor state to Guri, continuing its naval traditions. Later Gaya was a golden age of art and culture, as evidenced by the Hwangnyongsa, Seokguram, and the Bell of King Byeongdeok. Relationships between Yeongseon and Cathai remained relatively peaceful during this time. Later Gaya carried on the maritime prowess of Cheonhae, and during the 8th and 9th centuries dominated the seas of Western Escar and the trade between the various Escari states. Later Gaya was a prosperous and wealthy country, and its metropolitan capital of Ansi was among one of the largest city in the ancient world. Buddhism, Massiachitism, and Taoism flourished during this time, contributing to the cultures and the arts of the North-South period of Yeongseon. However, Later Gaya weakened under internal strife and the revival of Later Cheonhae and Later Guri, which led to the Later Three Kingdoms period in the late 9th century.

Cheonhae Dynasty[edit]

In 936, the Later Three Kingdoms were united by Kim Pung, a descendant of Cheonhae nobility, who established Cheonhae as the successor state of Old Cheonhae. Jin's holding in Eastern Yeongseon had fallen to civil war in 938 and was on a decline. In the same year, the last King of Jin, Min Wihae, gave his kingdom to Taejo Kim Pung, unifying the two Yeongseonan kingdoms into one with the Min clan joining the Cheonhae aristocracy. Like Gaya, Cheonhae was a highly cultural state, and invented the metal movable type printing press. Cheonhae experienced a golden age that lasted a century, during which the Tripitaka Cheonhaesa was completed and there were great developments in printing and publishing, promoting learning and dispersing knowledge on philosophy, literature, religion, and science; by 1100, there were 12 universities that produced famous scholars and scientists. However, the Chahar invasions in the 13th century greatly weakened the kingdom. Cheonhae was never conquered by the Chahars, but exhausted after three decades of fighting, the Cheonhae court sent its crown prince to the Haodiguo capital to swear allegiance to their emperor, who accepted, and married one of his daughters to the Cheonhae crown prince. Henceforth, Cheonhae continued to rule Yeongseon, though as a tributary ally to Haodiguo for the next 86 years. There were efforts by certain individuals like King Hien-jin to bring the country out of the Chahar sphere of influence but efforts by pro-independent officials were suppressed by the pro-Chahar government with King Hien-jin assassinated by pro-Chahar officials. By the late 14th century, the nearly 500-year-old Cheonhae established in 936 was tottering, corruption and poverty were main issues facing the country. Peasant, religious, and scholar uprisings and protests influenced by Confucianism were common and were met with violence by the government. However, in 1392 under the reign of King Gu, General Yi Myeong-do, who had been ordered to quell the various rebellions in the southern provinces, turned his army around and staged a coup, executing Gu and forcing the pro-Chahar Kim family in exile.

Yeongseon and the Bukjo Expedition[edit]

In the beginning of his reign, Yi Myeong-do, now the supreme ruler of Yeongseon, intended to continue use of the name Cheonhae for the country he ruled and simply change the royal line of descent to his own, thus maintaining the facade of continuing the 500-year-old Cheonhae tradition. However, the consensus in the reformed court was that a new dynastic title was needed to signify the change. In an effort to showcase the country's new commitment for reforms and independence, Yi Myeong-do was coronated as the First King of the Great Kingdom of Yeongseon under the temple name Taejo of Yeongseon.

The exiled Royal House of Kim fled the country alongside pro-Chahar aristocrats to the island of Bukjo where Gu's son Kim Gyu-ah was proclaimed King of Northern Cheonhae. Limited to just an island, Gyu-ah sent envoys to the White Empire, believing that Chahar support would be more than enough to return the Royal Kim Clan to power in the Yeongseon Isles. In the meantime, he ordered constructions of castles and weapons to defend the island. Initially, the Yeongseon Royal Court sent envoys to Bukjo, promising amnesty to the loyalists if they recognized the legitimacy of the Yeongseon Kingdom, with even the court allowing the exiled Kim clan control over the Bukjo Island as a tributary kingdom. All efforts for peace were rejected by the exiled Cheonhae nobility and the Yeongseon Kingdom prepared for war with the newly formed Yeongseon Royal Navy christened with upgraded cannons designed by gunpowder expert Choe Museon.

On June 13th, 1394, Yeongseon sent an expeditionary force consisting of 227 ships lead by General Kang Jongmu left mainland Yeongseon and reached Bukjo the following day. A fierce battle ensured between the Yeongseon Navy and the Northern Cheonhae fleets and coastal batteries that ended with Yeongseon victory and the loss of 3/4 of the Cheonhae fleet. With most of the naval resistance destroyed, the invasion fleet blockaded much of the ports in Bukjo and sent transport ships to land troops on the island, firing cannons along the way to provide support. The war ended after three weeks of fighting with King Gyu-ah committing suicide and his son Prince Bongchul surrendering Bukjo to Yeongseon, marking the end of the 500 year old Cheonhae Dynasty.

Imperial Yeongseon[edit]

The advent of the Turtle Boats were an important step in securing Yeongseon's interest in global trade and its eventual tranformation into a power

Yeongseon's transformation from an island tributary state to Cathai to an imperial power took over a few centuries. In 1437, King Hyojong the Great established military reforms aimed strengthening the kingdom from hostile invaders, regularly using the Royal Navy to conduct anti-pirate activities. The development of the Turtle Ships, also known as Geobukseon (거북선), were used to support regular warships against pirates, eventually becoming a powerful weapon during the Jeongchu War in 1638. It was the development of the Yeongseon Royal Navy that provided Yeongseon the ability to conduct expeditions across the world to find trade routes to Orda, establishing trading outposts in Osova and becoming one of the world's major economic, political, and military powers.

The discovery of Valeya in the late 16th century lead to colonization efforts in Eastern Valeya in around 1607. The Yeongseon government promoted opportunity for citizens to settle in the vast lands of the New World. While Yeongseon continued to maintain trading outposts, colonization was still utilized by Yeongseon, especially in Eastern Valeya and Osova. Early colonization in Valeya were financed by Mozanglians seeking to find a new home for their Anglian faith with such settlements still surviving in modern day Gyunghwa.

Decline[edit]

Yeongseon was on the slow road towards decline since the mid 18th century. Costly expeditions and foreign wars had put a drain on the Royal Treasury, such as the disastrous campaigns in Osova in 1743 that forced the Yeongseon Royal Navy to abandon much of its imperial ambitions in Osova. In 1823, Yeongseon also lost its valuable holdings in Valeya with the independence of Gyunghwa. Over time, Yeongseon’s economic strengths and growths were surpassed by other Western Escaric empires, such as Chisei and Yamatai. There were efforts to reform the country. Progressive kings such as Gwangjong and Heonjong promoted industrialization and enacted political reforms to bring more participation in government. Despite some successes in economic and political reforms, the country was still suffering from internal issues in contrast to rising powers such as Yamatai.

End War[edit]

Yeongseon Royal Marines marching through Uchinaa

Yeongseon had zero involvements during the First Escar-Varunan War with the government proclaiming neutrality. The Chancellorship of People’s Justice Alliance Oh Kwang-hyun focused on domestic policies and considered entanglements in foreign wars to be more detrimental to the country’s well being. Isolationism was the driving policy in foreign affairs for the island kingdom. Like the First Escar-Varunan War, Yeongseon also declared neutrality at the beginning of the Second Escar-Varunan War.

At the urging of King Gojong and Prime Minister-elect Min Dong-myeong, Prime Minister Choe Se-hoon officially declared war on Yamatai with the approval of 3/4 of the General Court as his last act as Prime Minister bringing Yeongseon into the Second Escar-Varunan War in 1941. The entrance of Yeongseon into the war coincided with Tstutikuo's entrance, forming the Escaric Allies between Tsutikuo, Chisei, and Yeongseon. The war between the Allied forces and the Greater Empire persisted in heavy combat in liberating Chiseian land from the Imperial Army along with campaigns in capturing Southern Yamataian islands. Although Yeongseon suffered from Imperial air bombings, the Kingdom was lightly damaged compared to their Chiseian allies. A ceasefire and negotiation were held between the Escaric Allies and Yamatai in 1944. In 1949, a peace treaty was signed, putting an official end to the war.

Great Game[edit]

After the Second Escar-Varunan War, Yeongseon found itself in a more involved role in regional geopolitics. The country joined the newly formed Union of Nations in 1949 (and later its successor the Ordic League in 1953) and was involved in the Hinomoto Crisis as part of the Three Powers Alliance in 1965 and was a founding member of the Heian Cooperation Organization.

Contemporary Yeongseon[edit]

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Ecology[edit]

Flora and fauna[edit]

Government and Politics[edit]

Yi Dae-ho, incumbent King of Yeongseon
Han Yul, the 64th Prime Minister of Yeongseon

Yeongseon is a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with a neo-Confucianism bureaucracy as codified by the Gyeongguk Daejeon. The King (Taewang) has limited political influence and instead serves to restrain the powers of the bureaucracy and to be the face of Yeongseon. The King signs every law (except those that pertain to the King's powers) and international or bilateral treaties approved by the General Court, endorses credentials of foreign diplomats, guides the Court for the creation of new government, and has the power to temporarily dissolve the Court only when there's an absolute majority opinion that the Court has no chance of effective governance and can remove the Prime Minister from office. The Taewang is succeeded in a hereditary fashion; should the King not produce any offspring, male or female, the succession goes directly to the next most qualified individual, largely as a relative of the King. The successor is chosen by the Bureaucracy and presented to the General Court for vote.

The Confucian bureaucracy is selected through appointment based on scoring on the national Gwageo exam. To be eligible for civil service, one must pass the Gwageo exam. Those who do not pass are considered as unqualified to wield political power in the Bureaucracy. In recent years, the exam has become more holistic and comprehensive, moving beyond a simple written exam on Confucian philosophy to now encompassing a brief in-person interview, extensive background check, and psychological examination. The most prestigious positions are generally offered to the highest performing testers in all categories, and advancement through the bureaucracy is based heavily on merit. Cases of nepotism and general corruption are severely punished by immediate expulsion from the Bureaucracy, and the revoking of one's Gwageo exam results - ending one's political career forever.

The unicameral General Court is the legislative branch of Yeongseon . The General Court is the most powerful branch in the Royal government with most executive powers being held by the Prime Minister. It is the premier branch of government as members of the General Court oversees varying levels of election compared to the meritocratic nature of the Bureaucracy and the hereditary nation of the King. Members of the General Court are elected by their constituents in their districts. The General Court is lead by the Prime Minister, who holds power over the Bureaucracy and appoints individual into his/her cabinet before being confirmed by the Court. There are 465 seat in the General Court.

The major parties in Yeongseon are the conservative Grand National Party, the left-leaning Justice Party, and the populist Yeongseon Future Party. As of the 2016 General Election and the May 9th Merger, the composition of the General Court is as follows:

Political Party Name Representation in the General Court Alignment Ideological Tenets
Grand National Party 한나라당 Hannaradang
247 / 465
In Government Fusionism, Cultural Nationalism, Neoconservatism, Classical Liberalism
Justice Party 정의당 Jungildang
179 / 465
Opposition Center-left Politics, Progressivism, Social Liberalism, Social Democracy
Yeongseon Future Party 영선미래당 Yeongseonmiraedang
39 / 465
In Government Big Tent, Right-wing Populism, Radical centrism

On local levels, Yeongseon elects mayors, city council members, provincial legislatures, and governors. Governors are elected on a four year term with a maximum of two terms while other elected local positions vary on terms and limits and depend on local and provincial lines.

Military[edit]

The Royal Armed Forces are the military forces of Yeongseon. They are comprised of the Yeongseon Royal Army as the main ground force of Yeongseon with the Righteous Corps serving as a volunteer reserve force based off historical peasant and warrior monk militias of old. The Yeongseon Royal Navy serves as the naval and naval aviation forces of Yeongseon with The Yeongseon Royal Marine Corps being a semi-independent military force working alongside the Navy. The Yeongseon Royal Air Force is Yeongseon’s formal air and cyber warfare corps. Yeongseon spends nearly 2.15% of its GDP on military spending, thanks in part, to a sizable military industrial complex and various commitments to the nation's allies.

Overall, the Yeongseon Royal Army employs under 170,000 total personnel, with 12 ground divisions, 40 ships, 400 aircraft, and a massive network of radar installations, SAMs, and anti-ballistic missile systems. The Yeongseon Royal Armed Forces has allegedly developed a robust biological and chemical weapons program clandestinely. The Yeongseon Royal Armed Forces sources most of its equipment from Chisei and Yamatai, although they manufacture their weapons through licensing.

Foreign relations[edit]

Yeongseon was a founding member of the Heian Cooperation Organization and an active participant of the organization. It’s also a member of the Ordic League and the founder of the Yeongseongi Community, an international organization of states that were once members of Yeongseon’s colonial empire that promotes close cultural and economic relations.

Administrative divisions[edit]

The major administrative divisions in Yeongseon are twelve provinces.


The provinces are (in order by number):

1. Buyeo (Byo)

2. Taegun (Tgn)

3. Habaek (Hbk)

4. Seora (Soa)

5. Bongnae (Bng)

6. Myeongun (Mgn)

7. Andeok (Adk)

8. Imcheok (Imc)

9. Gangcheong (Gch)

10. Hangwon (Hwn)

11. Okyeon (Ok)

12. Pyeongun (Pgn)

13. Sanju

14. Haeseon

15. Cheonhae

16. Punggaang

Economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

Energy[edit]

Tourism[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Science and technology[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Education[edit]

Ethnic Groups[edit]

Ethnic Yeongseonins make up the vast majority of the population, constituting 95.4% of the populations. Ethnic Yeongseonins make up in the majority in every provinces. Cathaian-Yeongseonins is the second largest ethnic group in Yeongseon, making up 3.3% of the population. Cathaian migration to Yeongseon, while not uncommon, was low and only increased after the 19th century with Cathaian immigrants seeking better opportunity in Yeongseon, being prevelant in Eastern Yeongseon. Other ethnic groups (from Kuijuins, Yashimans, Mozanglians, etc.) constitute only 1.3% of the national population with them being spread out over Yeongseon (although such ethnic towns do exist such as Little Heian or Anglianville).

Religion[edit]

The Gyeongguk Daejeon ensured that all religious beliefs are to be protected from government interference ever since in 1453 when King Hyojong, a Nestorian convert, declared that "religious beliefs shall not be criminalized." All forms of Massiachitism makes up the majority of the populace at around 73%. Buddhism makes up the second largest religious movement at around 8%. Taoism makes up around 4% of the populace and other religious minorities (such as Judaism or Imperial Shrine) make up 1%. 14% of the population do not hold membership with any religions.

Massiachitism in itself is divided between Nestorianism, which makes up 70% of the population, and Pontificalism, Anglicans, and other Massiachite faiths which hold 3% altogether.

Religion as a whole is on a decline in Yeongseon with 51% of Yeongseonins under 30 considering themselves to be less religious compared to 14% of Yeongseonins over 30.

Health[edit]

Culture[edit]

A musician playing a gayageum instrument.

Since the Three Kingdoms period, the Yeongseon government has always promoted the arts, with rulers personally funding the works of talented poets and musicians. In 1840, the Ministry of Arts was formed, and has worked to protect Yeongseon's cultural heritage and to make it available to the public.

During the second Endwar, the ministry was geared towards the dissemination of propaganda, and it was during this time that a series of patriotic songs, films, and posters were plastered throughout the entirety of the embattled nation. During the Cold War, the ministry began to move to preserve the cultural heritage of the nation and its fight against communism. The Ministry of Arts today was replaced by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism as the agency responsible for the areas of tourism, culture, art, religion, and sports.

Entertainment[edit]

Jeong Su-yeon, one of the most popular music artists in Yeongseon, found international fame by reaching a global audience through her music.

Yeongseon has a thriving entertainment industry where various facets of Yeongseonin entertainment including television dramas, films, and popular music has generated significant financial revenues for the nation's economy. Yeongseon music dates back to the dawn of Yeongseon civilization, and archaeological evidence shows a well-developed musical culture as early as during the Jeongmun period. In particular, court music influenced the subsequent patronage of the arts by the Royal government. While classical music in Yeongseon varied in tune and instruments, the forms of music maintain a set of rhythms called Jangdan, and a loosely defined set of melodic modes owing to diverse instruments. Traditional music styles include pansori- a style in which a narrator may play the parts of all the characters in a story, accompanied by a drummer and pungmul, a form of percussion music that includes drumming, dancing, streamers, and singing in together to a beat.

Among current musical events and institutions in Yeongseon, many are dedicated to traditional music. Some of the most prestigious of these institutions include the state-owned Royal Theater of the Arts and the privately owned Cheongu Center of Music. During the 20th century, Yeongseon's advancements in the electronics industry allowed for the nation's musicians to pioneer in electronic music, and much of Yeongseon's modern popular music incorporates electronic beats or backgrounds.

Yeongseon popular music, typically referred to as gayo (가요) in Yeongseon, is a highly commercial industry famous throughout the world. Contemporary Y-pop is dominated by dance groups. Hip hop, dance and RNB have come to define gayo. Contemporary Yeongseon girl groups, such as Moon Girls, Lucky, Mujigae, and 7Points have global following, as well as hip hop artists and dance crew. Single hip hop and rnb artists such as The Red Admiral, and Triple Threat have broken with this tradition and are amongst the most widely listened to artists, but hip hop groups such as XP also enjoy wide popularity. pop culture is defined by hip hop dance, and girl groups. B-boying and hip hop dances are prevalent among college aged youth globally. In addition to pop music, a more traditional style, trot music, has experienced a revival in Yeongseon.

Since the success of the film Holy Armour in 1999, the Yeongseon film industry has begun to gain recognition internationally with famous actors like Hwang Do-jeon and Yi Sin. Domestic film has a dominant share of the Yeongseon market. Yeongseon television shows have become popular outside of the country. Yeongseonin television dramas, known as Y-dramas have begun to find fame internationally. Although many dramas have a variety of genres such as history or comedy, some of the well known dramas tend to have a romantic focus, such as Princess Hours & Let's Eat. Other than romance, other popular dramas place emphasis on action such as Police Stories, Yi Do, and Explorers of the West. Variety TV shows also saw popularity in Yeongseon with such shows like Knowing Bros, Happy Together, and Let's Eat Dinner Together

Literature[edit]

Cuisine[edit]

The bibimbap has been considered as one of the national foods of Yeongseon, with its vibrant colors and its harmonious mixture of ingredients

Yeongseon cuisine, Yeongseon yori (영선요리; 臺城料理), or jungsik (정식; 臺食), has evolved throughout the history. Originating from ancient agricultural and fishing traditions in the Yeongseon lands, southern Yamatai, and western Cathai; Yeongseonin cuisine has evolved through a complex interaction of the natural environment and different cultural trends. Even through the present day, each provinces bring out unique regional dishes with the Yeongseon Royal Court cuisine combining all of the unique regional specialties together for the Royal Family.

Yeongseon dishes are largely based on rice, noodles, dairy, vegetables, tofu, and fish and meats. Traditional Yeongseon meals are noted for the number of side dishes known as banchan (반찬) which accompany the rice. One of the most common sidedish served with many Yeongseon cuisine is Kimchi (김치), a fermented, usually spicy vegetable dish. Originally, consumption of meats was largely limited due to the country's early Buddhist, which saw the practice of slaughtering animals as evil and there was a ban on beef consumption. Hunting wild animals and fishing were acceptable alternatives in getting proteins while early Yeongseon during the Cheonhae Dynasty had a very low class of butchers that performed the deed of slaughtering animals. During the Massiachization period brought forth by Nestorian Missionaries from Tsutikuo, there was a gradual acceptance of the consumption of meat and dairy. While beef has traditionally been served on rare occasion for citizens of non-noble birth due to high values of livestock; consumption of beef became widespread since Yeongseon industrialization and imperialism. On the other hand, poultry and pork were much more common meats served in Yeongseon cuisines with Fried Chicken, Barbecue, galbi, bulgogi, Jeokbal, Samgyetang, and Samgyeopsal being popular meat dishes consumed by many.

Consumption of dairy underwent an evolution in Yeongseon history with the migration of Mozanglians into Yeongseon around the mid 12th century. Although consumption of dairy were considered barbaric by deep rooted Confucian beliefs, the Mozanglian Anglican immigrants introduced the consumption of dairy and steadily built a culture of dairy consumption in Yeongseon, originally creating early Anglian cheese before assimilation and creating distinctively Yeongseonin style of cheese such as the Imsil Cheese in Imsil, a populated city in Habaek that had a large Mozanglian presence and community. Massiachization also helped with the tolerance of dairy consumption as the Massiachited Yeongseon Court soon abolished the caste system and the institutionalized discrimination it created during the reign of Hyojong the Great.

Yeongseon cuisine usually involves heavy seasoning with sesame oil, doenjang (된장), a type of fermented soybean paste, soy sauce, salt, garlic, ginger, and gochujang (고추장), a hot pepper paste. Another well-known dish is Tteokbokki (떡볶이); a common street food consisting of rice cake seasoned with gochujang or a spicy chili paste. Yeongseon also enjoys renditions of Cathaian dishes, such as Jajangmyeon.

Sweets are generally based on rice and red-bean paste. Traditional deserts include a paste-filled rice cake known as Songpyeon, a fish-shaped pastry called Bungeoppang often served as a street-food, and Patbingsu, a shaved-ice delicacy topped with various sauces, most traditionally bean-paste. These streets have been complemented by mass-produced brands such as Melona melon ice cream bars and Choco Pies, both of which are widely manufactured by Lotte Chaebol.

Soups are a common part of any Yeongseon meal. Unlike other cultures, in Yeongseon culture, soup is served as part of the main course rather than at the beginning or the end of the meal, as an accompaniment to rice along with other banchan. Soups known as guk are often made with meats, shellfish and vegetables. Soups can be made into more formal soups known as tang, often served as the main dish of the meal. Jjigae are a thicker, heavier seasoned soups or stews.

Ingredients and dishes often vary by province. The dishes most commonly seen as Yeongseon food are generally present in the cuisine of Eastern Yeongseon. Western Yeongseon has less precipitation and has a greater focus on spices and garlic than other regions in the nation. Increased mobility, the decline of family farms, and the rise of major food corporations within the past hundred years have resulted in a more singular Yeongseon cuisine.

Architecture[edit]

Fashion[edit]

Sports[edit]

The martial art taekwondo originated in Yeongseon. In the 1950s and 1960s, modern rules were standardized with the creation of the World Taekwondo Union in 1957. Other Yeongseonin martial arts include taekkyeon, hapkido, Tang Soo Do, Kuk Sool Won, kumdo and subak.

Archery and rifle shootings are some of the dominant sports in Yeongseon due to the country’s tradition reverence on archery (men were expected to be good archers, both for hunting to provide for the family and for fighting to defend the kingdom) and its historical reliance on firearms when it was introduced to the world. Yeongseon’s national team for international competition always excelled in the fields of archery and rifle shooting with the majority of the nation’s gold medal counts coming from these fields.

Football and baseball have traditionally been regarded as the some of the most popular sports in Yeongseon with recent polling indicates that a majority, 41% of Yeongseon sports fans continue to self-identify as football fans, with baseball ranked 2nd at 25% of respondents. Baseball was first introduced to Yeongseon in 1905 and has since become increasingly popular, with some sources claiming it has surpassed football as the most popular sport in the country. Basketball is a popular sport in the country as well.

Domestic horse racing events are also followed by Yeongseonins and the Cheongu Race Park in Gwacheon, Hangwon-do is located closest to Cheongu out of the country's thirty official tracks.

Competitive video gaming, also called eSports (sometimes written e-Sports), has become more popular Yeongseon in recent years, particularly among young people with shooters, arena matches, and strategy games being dominant on the market. The gaming scene of Yeongseon is managed by the Royal E-Sports Association (RESPA for short) and has become something of a career for many players. They can make a living out of their activity and top players can even make a significant amount of money with some high end professional players ending up making six figure salaries.

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