|Commonwealth of Yeongseon
(English: Broadly benefit humanity )
|Anthem: Anthem of Yeongseon - "대영선국 애국가"
|Government||Federal parliamentary neoconfucian constitutional monarchy|
|-||Great King||Yi Dae-ho|
|-||Prime Minister||Han Yul|
|-||Head Councillor||Jo Jung-mo|
|-||Upper house||Federal Council|
|-||Lower house||General Court|
|-||The First Kingdom||c. 7th century BC|
|-||The Three Kingdoms Period||30th BC|
|-||East-West Kingdoms||700 AD|
|-||Establishment of the Cheonhae Dynasty||915 AD|
|-||Establishment of the Great Yeongseon Kingdom||7th of August, 1392 AD|
|-||Formation of the Commonwealth of Yeongseon||3rd of June, 1808 AD|
124,129.913 sq mi
|HDI (2014)|| 0.918
|Time zone||+0 (UTC Escari Island Time)|
|Drives on the||right|
Yeongseon, officially the Commonwealth of Yeongseon or the Yeongseon Commonwealth (Hangul: 영선연방; Hanja: 永善聯邦; Yeongseon Yeonbang, "The Commonwealth of Yeongseon"), is a sovereign state in Escar. An island country, Yeongseon has no land borders, only having Yamatai to the northwest and Tsutikuo to the Northeast as maritime neighbors. Yeongseon is a federal constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy. The monarch is Great King Yi Dae-ho, who reigned since the 12th of June, 1996. The Prime Minister is Han Yul of the Grand National Party, who was recently sworn in since 2015. The capital of Yeongseon is Cheongu, a global city and a financial center with an urban population of 8 million.
The Commonwealth of Yeongseon made a mark on the the development of modern Ordis. As one of the leading nations of industrialization and a proponent of industrial capitalism and trade, Yeongseon established an expansive global empire during the 18th to the early 20th century. After the Second Endwar, the Yeongseon Commonwealth became one of the founding members of HECO and a bastion of anti-communism due to its tense relations with Nakgaang.
Yeongseon is a developed country and a high income information economy with a high Human Development Index. Yeongseon ranks highly among economic freedom, government transparency, quality of life, education, and civil liberties. It leads in pharmaceuticals, organic chemicals, avionics, information technology, electronics, advanced armaments, and financial services. Yeongseon continues to hold considerable economic and cultural influence over former colonies and its neighboring states in Escar.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Government and Politics
- 5 Administrative divisions
- 6 Economy
- 7 Demographics
- 8 Culture
- 9 See also
The name "Yeongseon" derives from the word "영선," which in the Cathai-Yeongseon language, translates to "Eternal Virtue." The name was established by Taejo Yi Jun after overthrowing the Cheonhae Dynasty, proclaiming a nation built on everlasting virtue in regards to stepping away from the corruption that persisted in the later Cheonhae Dynasty.
Prehistoric and Ancient Yeongseon
The first modern humans to settle modern day Yeongseon settled in successive waves in what believed to be 8000 BC from what is considered modern day Cathai (although evidences also seem to indicate a much earlier period of migration and settlement) in what's considered to be the Jeongmun period.
The history of Yeongseon begins with the founding of Buyeo in 2333 BC by Go Mosu, according to Yeongseon's foundation mythology. However, archeological evidence proposed that the foundation of the Buyeo Empire happened much later at at 7th century BC with Buyeo emperors incorporating conquered tribes' legends into their own. Buyeo expanded until it controlled all of Yeongseon. At 3rd century BC, the Buyeo Empire divided among east-west line. In 108 BC, the Shang Dynasty defeated Dongbuyeo and installed four commanderies within the territories while Seobuyeo continued to live on as an independent state. Three of the commanderies fell or retreated westward within a few decades, but the Lelang commandery remained as a center of cultural and economic exchange with successive Cathaian dynasties for four centuries, until it was conquered by Guri in 313 AD.
Many Kingdoms and the Two-States Period
During the period known as the Three Kingdoms of Yeongseon, the states of Dongbuyeo, Muhae, Jin, and Imcheok occupied much of Yeongseon. From them, Guri, Cheonhae (also known as "Gocheonhae", or Old Cheonhae, to differentiate it with the 10th century dynasty), and Gaya emerged to control the land as the Three Kingdoms of Yeongseon. Guri, the largest and most powerful among them, was a highly militaristic state, and competed with various Cathaian dynasties during its 700 years of history in naval warfare and raids. Like Guri, Cheonhae was a great maritime power with its nautical skill, whcih made their shipbuilders and sailors to be desired by many. Gaya was the smallest and weakest of the three, but it used cunning diplomatic means to make opportunistic pacts and alliances with the more powerful kingdoms in Escar.
The unification of the Three Kingdoms by Gaya in 676 led to the East-West States Period, in which the northern half of Yeongseon was controlled by Later Gaya, while the Jin Confederation controlled the southern parts of Yeongseon. Jin was founded by a Guri general and was formed as a successor state to Guri, continuing its naval traditions. Later Gaya was a golden age of art and culture, as evidenced by the Hwangnyongsa, Seokguram, and the Bell of King Byeongdeok. Relationships between Yeongseon and Cathai remained relatively peaceful during this time. Later Gaya carried on the maritime prowess of Cheonhae, and during the 8th and 9th centuries dominated the seas of Western Escar and the trade between the various Escari states. Later Gaya was a prosperous and wealthy country, and its metropolitan capital of Ansi was among one of the largest city in the ancient world. Buddhism, Christianity, and Taoism flourished during this time, contributing to the cultures and the arts of the North-South period of Yeongseon. However, Later Gaya weakened under internal strife and the revival of Later Cheonhae and Later Guri, which led to the Later Three Kingdoms period in the late 9th century.
In 936, the Later Three Kingdoms were united by Kim Pung, a descendant of Cheonhae nobility, who established Cheonhae as the successor state of Old Cheonhae. Jin's holding in Eastern Yeongseon had fallen to civil war in 938 and was on a decline. In the same year, the last King of Jin, Min Wihae, gave his kingdom to Taejo Kim Pung, unifying the two Yeongseon kingdoms into one with the Min clan joining the Cheonhae aristocracy. Like Gaya, Cheonhae was a highly cultural state, and invented the metal movable type printing press. Cheonhae experienced a golden age that lasted a century, during which the Tripitaka Cheonhaesa was completed and there were great developments in printing and publishing, promoting learning and dispersing knowledge on philosophy, literature, religion, and science; by 1100, there were 12 universities that produced famous scholars and scientists. However, the Chahar invasions in the 13th century greatly weakened the kingdom. Cheonhae was never conquered by the Chahars, but exhausted after three decades of fighting, the Cheonhae court sent its crown prince to the Haodiguo capital to swear allegiance to their emperor, who accepted, and married one of his daughters to the Cheonhae crown prince. Henceforth, Cheonhae continued to rule Yeongseon, though as a tributary ally to Haodiguo for the next 86 years. There were efforts by certain individuals like King Hien-jin to bring the country out of the Chahar sphere of influence but efforts by pro-independent officials were suppressed by the pro-Chahar government with King Hien-jin assassinated by pro-Chahar officials. By the late 14th century, the nearly 500-year-old Cheonhae established in 936 was tottering, corruption and poverty were main issues facing the country. Peasant, religious, and scholar uprisings and protests influenced by Confucianism were common and were met with violence by the government. However, in 1392 under the reign of King Gu, General Yi Myeong-do, who had been ordered to quell the various rebellions in the southern provinces, turned his army around and staged a coup, executing Gu and forcing the pro-Chahar Kim family in exile.
Yeongseon and the Bukjo Expedition
In the beginning of his reign, Yi Myeong-do, now the supreme ruler of Yeongseon, intended to continue use of the name Cheonhae for the country he ruled and simply change the royal line of descent to his own, thus maintaining the façade of continuing the 500-year-old Cheonhae tradition. However, the consensus in the reformed court was that a new dynastic title was needed to signify the change. In an effort to showcase the country's new commitment for reforms and independence, Yi Myeong-do was coronated as the First King of the Great Kingdom of Yeongseon under the temple name Taejo of Yeongseon.
The exiled Royal House of Kim fled the country alongside pro-Chahar aristocrats to the island of Bukjo where Gu's son Kim Gyu-ah was proclaimed King of Northern Cheonhae. Limited to just an island, Gyu-ah sent envoys to the White Empire, believing that Chahar support would be more than enough to return the Royal Kim Clan to power in the Yeongseon Isles. In the meantime, he ordered constructions of castles and weapons to defend the island. Initially, the Yeongseon Royal Court sent envoys to Bukjo, promising amnnesty to the loyalists if they recognized the legitimacy of the Yeongseon Kingdom, with even the court allowing the exiled Kim clan control over the Bukjo Island as a tributary kingdom. All efforts for peace were rejected by the exiled Cheonhae nobility and the Yeongseon Kingdom prepared for war with the newly formed Yeongseon Royal Navy christened with upgraded cannons designed by gunpowder expert Choe Museon.
On June 13th, 1394, Yeongseon sent an expeditionary force consisting of 227 ships lead by General Kang Jongmu left mainland Yeongseon and reached Bukjo the following day. A fierce battle ensured between the Yeongseon Navy and the Northern Cheonhae fleets and coastal batteries that ended with Yeongseon victory and the loss of 3/4 of the Cheonhae fleet. With most of the naval resistance destroyed, the invasion fleet blockaded much of the ports in Bukjo and sent transport ships to land troops on the island, firing cannons along the way to provide support. The war ended after three weeks of fighting with King Gyu-ah committing suicide and his son Prince Bongchul surrendering Bukjo to Yeongseon, marking the end of the 500 year old Cheonhae Dynasty.
Yeongseon's transformation from an island tributary state to Cathai to an imperial power took over a few centuries. In 1437, King Hyojong the Great established military reforms aimed strengthening the kingdom from hostile invaders, regularly using the Royal Navy to conduct anti-pirate activities. The development of the Turtle Ships, also known as Geobukseon (거북선), were used to support regular warships against pirates, eventually becoming a powerful weapon during the Yeongseon-Shirakawan War in 1638. It was the development of the Yeongseon Navy that provided Yeongseon the ability to conduct expeditions across the world to find trade routes to Orda, establishing trading outposts in Osova and small island chains in Orda.
The discovery of Valeya in the late 16th century lead to colonization efforts in Eastern Valeya in around 1607. The Yeongseon government promoted opportunity for citizens to settle in the vast lands of the New World. While Yeongseon continued to maintain trading outposts, colonization was still utilized by Yeongseon, especially in Eastern Valeya and Osova. Early colonization in Valeya were financed by Mozanglians seeking to find a new home for their Anglian faith with such settlements still surviving in modern day Yorcke. While originally, trade corporations held control over the colonies and acted independently to the royal government, later reforms placed colonial governors to answer to the Assembly, making way for federalization in Yeongseon.
Industrialization took hold in Yeongseon during the late 18th century. During the period, Yeongseon experienced massive social, economic, and political changes. The period oversaw the decline of the Neoconfucian bureaucracy and the rise of the liberal minded merchant class that called for political reforms, federalization, and universal male suffrage. Rise of abolitionism in the middle class and abolishing the caste system also rang in Yeongseon. The rise of Reformers in the General Court brought forth much needed reforms in Yeongseon, establishing a system of federalization in 1808 (Under the Commonwealth Decree of 1808 that provided sovereignty to the states), establishing universal male suffrage in 1832, abolishing slavery in 1846, and allowing people of different social classes to marry in 1865.
During the decline of Tsutikuo, many Cathaian migrants moved to Yeongseon economic opportunities, creating sizeable communities throughout Yeongseon known as Cathaitown.
Yeongseon remained neutral during the Fourth Shirakawan-Yamatai War, establishing a foreign policy of "splendid isolationism" towards affairs in Escar. Due to conflicts present with Ahrenrok and Transoxthraxia in Valeya, the Commonwealth Assembly sees defending their possessions as much more important than dealing with squabbling Escaric states. The idea of "spendid isolationism" in Escar changed when Yamatai aligned with Ahrenrok, which greatly upsetted the general public due to ongoing conflict between Ahrenrok and the Commmonwealth over colonial holdings in Valeya. This lead to a political victory for the hardline Grand National Party lead by Min Dong-myeong and the ousting of the ruling and pro-peace Popular Front lead by Prime Minister Choe Se-hoon during the 1939 Special Election.
The election of the hardline Min Dong-myeong government triggered an invasion from Yamatai, hoping that the more domestic-focused and pro-Yamataian Choe Se-hoon Government would keep the Commonwealth out of war. In October of 1939, Yamataian Imperial Navy attacked the Jinhae Naval Base in a surprise attack and landed Imperial Marines into the Commonwealth islands. Despite the initial success of the bombing, much of the Commonwealth fleet remained undamaged and the Imperial Marines were repulsed by the Commonwealth Armed Forces, specifically the Marine Corps, the Army Air Corps, and the reserve Righteous Corps.
At the urging of King Gojong and Prime Minister-elect Min Dong-myeong, Prime Minister Choe Se-hoon officially declared war on Yamatai with the approval of 3/4 of the General Court and the State Council as his last act as Prime Minister, bringing the Commonwealth into the Escar-Varunan War in support of Shirakawa. The war between the Commonwealth and the Greater Empire persisted in naval and air combat and attrition over Yamataian held islands. Although Yeongseon suffered from Imperial air bombings, the Commonwealth was lightly damaged compared to their Shirakawan allies and managed to take over much of the southern Yamataian Islands. With the entrance of Tsutikuo into the war, Yeongseon assisted in liberating Shirakawan land from the Imperial Army, eventually landed Marines in mainland Yamatai alongside Shirakawan and Tsutikuan forces in their bloody invasion of the Greater Empire. A ceasefire and later a peace treaty was signed between the Allied Powers and Yamatai in July.
In Northern Valeya, Yeongseon fought alongside Svandary and Shirakawa in help protecting their colonial possessions against Ahrenic Reconquest. Forces were also dedicated to fight alongside Yorcke and Svandary against the Transoxthraxian forces near Yorcke with success in comparison to the state of attrition against Ahrenrok. Despite efforts from the countries involved in the invasion, the allied forces were soon ejected from Ahrenrok and during the mass evacuations, the Commonwealth Navy offered refugees to settle on the Sanju Triangle, an island chain that was untouched by the Valeyan War. Some divisions of the Commonwealth Armed Forces remained to continue resisting against the Ahrenic onslaught to provide much needed-time for the colonists to flee Northern Valeya. The evacuation attempt was considered successful as hundreds of thousands of war refugees, colonists, and military personnel were evacuated to friendlier areas.
Flora and fauna
Government and Politics
Yeongseon is a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy with a neo-Confucianism bureaucracy as codified by the Gyeongguk Daejeon. The King (Taewang) has limited political influence and instead serves to restrain the powers of the bureaucracy and to be the face of Yeongseon. The King signs every law (except those that pertain to the King's powers) and international or bilateral treaties approved by the Assembly, endorses credentials of foreign diplomats, guides the Assembly for the creation of new government, and has the power to temporarily dissolve the Assembly only when there's an absolute majority opinion that the Assembly has no chance of effective governance and can remove the Prime Minister from office. The Taewang is succeeded in a hereditary fashion; should the King not produce any offspring, male or female, the succession goes directly to the next most qualified individual, largely as a relative of the King. The successor is chosen by the Bureaucracy and presented to the Assembly for vote.
The Confucian bureaucracy is selected through appointment based on scoring on the national Gwageo exam. To be eligible for civil service, one must pass the Gwageo exam. Those who do not pass are considered as unqualified to wield political power in the Bureaucracy. In recent years, the exam has become more holistic and comprehensive, moving beyond a simple written exam on Confucian philosophy to now encompassing a brief in-person interview, extensive background check, and psychological examination. The most prestigious positions are generally offered to the highest performing testers in all categories, and advancement through the bureaucracy is based heavily on merit. Cases of nepotism and general corruption are severely punished by immediate expulsion from the Bureaucracy, and the revoking of one's Gwageo exam results - ending one's political career forever.
The bicameral Commonwealth Assembly (consisting of the lower house General Court and the upper house State Council) is the legislative branch of the Commonwealth. The General Court is the most powerful branch in the Commonwealth with most executive powers being held by the Prime Minister. The Assembly is the premier branch of government in the Commonwealth as members of the Assembly oversees varying levels of election compared to the meritocratic nature of the Bureaucracy and the hereditary nation of the King. Members of the General Court are elected by their constituents in their districts while State Councillors are selected by provincial legislators. The General Court is lead by the Prime Minister, who holds power over the Bureaucracy and appoints individual into his/her cabinet before being confirmed by the Assembly. There are 465 seat in the General Court and 24 seats in the State Council.
The major parties in Yeongseon are the conservative Grand National Party, the left-leaning Justice Party, and the populist Yeongseon Future Party. As of the 2016 General Election and the May 9th Merger, th composition of the Commonwealth Assembly is as follows:
|Political Party Name||Representation in the General Court||Representation in the Federal Council||Alignment||Ideological Tenets|
|Grand National Party 한나라당 Hannaradang||In Government||Fusionism, Civic Nationalism, Neoconservatism, Classical Liberalism|
|Justice Party 정의당 Jungildang||Opposition||Center-left Politics, Progressivism, Social Liberalism, Social Democracy|
|Yeongseon Future Party 영선미래당 Yeongseonmiraedang||Opposition||Big Tent, Right-wing Populism, Radical centrism|
|Democratic Labor Party 민주노동당 Minjoo Nodongdang||Opposition||Protectionism, Trade Unionism, Social Conservatism, Agrianism|
|True Liberty Party 진자유당 Jinjayudang||Opposition||Right-libertarianism, Minarchism, Non-interventionism, Laissez-faire|
On local levels, Yeongseon elects mayors, city council members, provincial legislatures, and governors. Governors are elected on a four year term with a maximum of two terms while other elected local positions vary on terms and limits and depend on local and provincial lines.
The Commonwealth Armed Forces are the military forces of Yeongseon. They are comprised of the Commonwealth Army as the main ground force of Yeongseon with the Righteous Corps serving as a volunteer reserve force based off historical peasant and warrior monk militias of old. The Commonwealth Navy serves as the naval and naval aviation forces of Yeongseon with The Commonwealth Marine Corps being a semi-independent military force working alongside the Navy. The Commonwealth Air Force is Yeongseon’s formal air and cyber warfare corps. Yeongseon spends nearly 2.85% of its GDP on military spending, thanks in part, to a sizable military industrial complex and various commitments to its overseas territories and the nation's allies.
Overall, the Commonwealth Army employs over 1 million total personnel, with 20 ground divisions, 170 ships (including 2 carriers and 25 nuclear attack submarines), 800 aircraft, and a massive network of radar installations, SAMs, and anti-ballistic missile systems. The Commonwealth Armed Forces has a stockpile of 350 nuclear weapons, and has allegedly developed a robust biological and chemical weapons program clandestinely. The Commonwealth Armed Forces sources most of its equipment domestically, much of which is regarded to be the most advanced and proficient in the world, and which is exported to strategic allies. Yeongseon is a leader in armor development, air defenses, and missile systems.
Yeongseon is one of the great powers of Escar and is the co-founder of the anti-communist Heian Cooperation Organization, alongside Shirakawa and Yamatai. It enjoys close cultural and diplomatic relations with Tsutikuo and Yorcke, nations that are considered to be non-aligned in the current geopolitical sphere. The Commonwealth also have close economic and diplomatic ties with friendly Ordan countries such as Svandary, Meriad, Almerreich, and New Hyspania especially in part due to common religious grounds.
Because of anti-communist attitudes, the Commonwealth's relations with memberstates of the Seventh Internationale is cold at best, hostile at worst, although relations between Yeongseon and Gran Altiplano, one of the member-states of the Seventh Internationale, were normalized in part due to moderation and liberalization of Gran Altiplano. Nevertheless, Yeongseon maintains its anti-communist doctrine in containing and rolling back Nakgaang's influence over Escar, being the first to establish economic and diplomatic relations with Songthom, taking advantage of the Song-Nakgaang split in the late 20th century.
Relations between the Commonwealth and the Setic nations of Transoxthraxia and Ahrenrok have soured in recent years, in part due to Yeongseon housing the Republican Exiles from the Transoxthraxian Civil War and supporting the Shirakawan-backed exiled Thal Administration by levying sanctions on the radical Savinszar Administration of Ahrenok.
The major administrative divisions in Yeongseon are twelve provinces.
The provinces are (in order by number):
1. Buyeo (Byo)
2. Taegun (Tgn)
3. Habaek (Hbk)
4. Seora (Soa)
5. Bongnae (Bng)
6. Myeongun (Mgn)
7. Andeok (Adk)
8. Imcheok (Imc)
9. Gangcheong (Gch)
10. Hangwon (Hwn)
11. Okyeon (Ok)
12. Pyeongun (Pgn)
Science and technology
Ethnic Yeongseonins make up the vast majority of the population, constituting 95.4% of the populations. Ethnic Yeongseonins make up in the majority in every provinces. Cathaian-Yeongseonins is the second largest ethnic group in Yeongseon, making up 3.3% of the population. Cathaian migration to Yeongseon, while not uncommon, was low and only increased after the 19th century with Cathaian immigrants seeking better opportunity in Yeongseon, being prevelant in Eastern Yeongseon. Other ethnic groups (from Jiquans, Yashimans, Mozanglians, etc.) constitute only 1.3% of the national population with them being spread out over the Commonwealth (although such ethnic towns do exist such as Little Heian or Anglianville).
The Gyeongguk Daejeon ensured that all religious beliefs are to be protected from government interference ever since in 1453 when King Hyojong, a Nestorian convert, declared that "religious beliefs shall not be criminalized." All forms of Christianity makes up the majority of the populace at around 56%. Buddhism makes up the second largest religious movement at around 23%. Taoism makes up around 8% of the populace and other religious minorities (such as Judaism or Imperial Shrine) make up 1%. 12% of the population do not hold membership with any religions.
Christianity in itself is divided between Nestorianism, Catholicism, Anglianism, and other Christian faiths. Nestorian Christians make up 31% of the population and the majority of the Christian populace. Catholics make up 22% of the population while Anglians and other Christian faiths hold 3% altogether.
Religion as a whole is on a decline in Yeongseon with 51% of Yeongseonins under 30 considering themselves to be less religious compared to 14% of Yeongseonins over 30.
Since the Three Kingdoms period, the Yeongseon government has always promoted the arts, with rulers personally funding the works of talented poets and musicians. In 1840, the Ministry of Arts was formed, and has worked to protect Yeongseon's cultural heritage and to make it available to the public.
During the second Endwar, the ministry was geared towards the dissemination of propaganda, and it was during this time that a series of patriotic songs, films, and posters were plastered throughout the entirety of the embattled nation. During the Cold War, the ministry began to move to preserve the cultural heritage of the nation and its fight against communism. The Ministry of Arts today was replaced by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism as the agency responsible for the areas of tourism, culture, art, religion, and sports.
Yeongseon has a thriving entertainment industry where various facets of Yeongseonin entertainment including television dramas, films, and popular music has generated significant financial revenues for the nation's economy. Yeongseon music dates back to the dawn of Yeongseon civilization, and archaeological evidence shows a well-developed musical culture as early as during the Jeongmun period. In particular, court music influenced the subsequent patronage of the arts by the Royal government. While classical music in Yeongseon varied in tune and instruments, the forms of music maintain a set of rhythms called Jangdan, and a loosely defined set of melodic modes owing to diverse instruments. Traditional music styles include pansori- a style in which a narrator may play the parts of all the characters in a story, accompanied by a drummer and pungmul, a form of percussion music that includes drumming, dancing, streamers, and singing in together to a beat.
Among current musical events and institutions in Yeongseon, many are dedicated to traditional music. Some of the most prestigious of these institutions include the state-owned Royal Theater of the Arts and the privately owned Cheongu Center of Music. During the 20th century, Yeongseon's advancements in the electronics industry allowed for the nation's musicians to pioneer in electronic music, and much of Yeongseon's modern popular music incorporates electronic beats or backgrounds.
Yeongseon popular music, typically referred to as gayo (가요) in Yeongseon, is a highly commercial industry famous throughout the world. Contemporary Y-pop is dominated by dance groups. Hip hop, dance and RNB have come to define gayo. Contemporary Yeongseon girl groups, such as Moon Girls, Lucky, Mujigae, and 7Points have global following, as well as hip hop artists and dance crew. Single hip hop and rnb artists such as The Red Admiral, and Triple Threat have broken with this tradition and are amongst the most widely listened to artists, but hip hop groups such as XP also enjoy wide popularity. pop culture is defined by hip hop dance, and girl groups. B-boying and hip hop dances are prevalent among college aged youth globally. In addition to pop music, a more traditional style, trot music, has experienced a revival in Yeongseon.
Since the success of the film Holy Armour in 1999, the Yeongseon film industry has begun to gain recognition internationally with famous actors like Hwang Do-jeon and Jin Hang-saeng. Domestic film has a dominant share of the Yeongseon market. Yeongseon television shows have become popular outside of the country. Yeongseonin television dramas, known as Y-dramas have begun to find fame internationally. Althouth many dramas have a variety of genres such as history or comedy, some of the well known dramas tend to have a romantic focus, such as Princess Hours & Let's Eat. Other than romance, other popular dramas place emphasis on action such as Police Stories, Yi Do, and Explorers of the West. Variety TV shows also saw popularity in Yeongseon with such shows like Knowing Bros, Happy Together, and Let's Eat Dinner Together
Yeongseon cuisine, Yeongseon yori (영선요리; 臺城料理), or jungsik (정식; 臺食), has evolved throughout the history. Originating from ancient agricultural and nomadic traditions in the Yeongseon lands, southern Yamatai, and western Cathai; Yeongseonin cuisine has evolved through a complex interaction of the natural environment and different cultural trends. Even through the present day, each provinces bring out unique regional dishes with the Yeongseon Royal Court cuisine combining all of the unique regional specialties together for the Royal Family.
Yeongseon dishes are largely based on rice, noodles, dairy, vegetables, tofu, and fish and meats. Traditional Yeongseon meals are noted for the number of side dishes known as banchan (반찬) which accompany the rice. One of the most common sidedish served with many Yeongseon cuisine is Kimchi (김치), a fermented, usually spicy vegetable dish. Originally, consumption of meats was largely limited due to the country's early Buddhist, which saw the practice of slaughtering animals as evil and there was a ban on beef consumption. Hunting wild animals and fishing were acceptable alternatives in getting proteins while early Yeongseon during the Cheonhae Dynasty had a very low class of butchers that performed the deed of slaughtering animals. During the Christianization period brought forth by Nestorian Missionaries from Tsutikuo, there was a gradual acceptance of the consumption of meat and dairy. While beef has traditionally been served on rare occasion for citizens of non-noble birth due to high values of livestock; consumption of beef became widespread since Yeongseon industrialization and imperialism. On the other hand, poultry and pork were much more common meats served in Yeongseon cuisines with Fried Chicken, Barbecue, galbi, bulgogi, Jeokbal, Samgyetang, and Samgyeopsal being popular meat dishes consumed by many.
Consumption of dairy underwent an evolution in Yeongseon history with the migration of Mozanglians into Yeongseon around the mid 12th century. Although consumption of dairy were considered barbaric by deep rooted Confucian beliefs, the Mozanglian Christian immigrants introduced the consumption of dairy and steadily built a culture of dairy consumption in Yeongseon, originally creating early Anglian cheese before assimilation and creating distinctively Yeongseonin style of cheese such as the Imsil Cheese in Imsil, a populated city in Habaek that had a large Mozanglian presence and community. Christianization also helped with the tolerance of dairy consumption as the Christianized Yeongseon Court soon abolished the caste system and the institutionalized discrimination it created during the reign of Hyojong the Great.
Yeongseon cuisine usually involves heavy seasoning with sesame oil, doenjang (된장), a type of fermented soybean paste, soy sauce, salt, garlic, ginger, and gochujang (고추장), a hot pepper paste. Another well-known dish is Tteokbokki (떡볶이); a common street food consisting of rice cake seasoned with gochujang or a spicy chili paste. Yeongseon also enjoys renditions of Cathai dishes, such as Jajangmyeon.
Sweets are generally based on rice and red-bean paste. Traditional deserts include a paste-filled rice cake known as Songpyeon, a fish-shaped pastry called Bungeoppang often served as a street-food, and Patbingsu, a shaved-ice delicacy topped with various sauces, most traditionally bean-paste. These streets have been complemented by mass-produced brands such as Melona melon ice cream bars and Choco Pies, both of which are widely manufactured by Lotte Chaebol.
Soups are a common part of any Yeongseon meal. Unlike other cultures, in Yeongseon culture, soup is served as part of the main course rather than at the beginning or the end of the meal, as an accompaniment to rice along with other banchan. Soups known as guk are often made with meats, shellfish and vegetables. Soups can be made into more formal soups known as tang, often served as the main dish of the meal. Jjigae are a thicker, heavier seasoned soups or stews.
Ingredients and dishes often vary by province. The dishes most commonly seen as Yeongseon food are generally present in the cuisine of Eastern Yeongseon. Western Yeongseon has less precipitation and has a greater focus on spices and garlic than other regions in the nation. Increased mobility, the decline of family farms, and the rise of major food corporations within the past hundred years have resulted in a more singular Yeongseon cuisine.
The martial art taekwondo originated in Yeongseon. In the 1950s and 1960s, modern rules were standardized with the creation of the World Taekwondo Union in 1957. Other Yeongseonin martial arts include taekkyeon, hapkido, Tang Soo Do, Kuk Sool Won, kumdo and subak.
Archery and rifle shootings are some of the dominant sports in Yeongseon due to the country’s tradition reverence on archery (men were expected to be good archers, both for hunting to provide for the family and for fighting to defend the kingdom) and its historical reliance on firearms when it was introduced to the world. Yeongseon’s national team for international competition always excelled in the fields of archery and rifle shooting with the majority of the nation’s gold medal counts coming from these fields.
Football and baseball have traditionally been regarded as the some of the most popular sports in Yeongseon with recent polling indicates that a majority, 41% of Yeongseon sports fans continue to self-identify as football fans, with baseball ranked 2nd at 25% of respondents. Baseball was first introduced to Yeongseon in 1905 and has since become increasingly popular, with some sources claiming it has surpassed football as the most popular sport in the country. Basketball is a popular sport in the country as well.
Domestic horse racing events are also followed by Yeongseonins and the Ansi Race Park in Gwacheon, Hangwon-do is located closest to Ansi out of the country's thirty official tracks.
Competitive video gaming, also called eSports (sometimes written e-Sports), has become more popular Yeongseon in recent years, particularly among young people with shooters, arena matches, and strategy games being dominant on the market. The gaming scene of Yeongseon is managed by the Commonwealth E-Sports Association (CESPA for short) and has become something of a career for many players. They can make a living out of their activity and top players can even make a significant amount of money with some high end professional players ending up making six figure salaries.