|The Vordic Imperium of Svands
ᛞᚨᛊ ᛰᚬᛡᛑᛁᛮᛂᛊ ᚶᚨᛡᛂᚾᛏᚢᛘ ᛑᛂᛡ ᛤᛩᚨᛚᛉᛂᚾ
Das Vordisches Zarentum der Schvalzen
ᛞᚨᛊ ᛤᛩᚨᛚᛉᛂᛊ ᚶᚨᛡᛂᚾᛏᚢᛘ
Das Schvalzes Zarentum
|Motto: "ᚦᚬᚾᚧᚢᛡᛡᛂᚾᛉᛚᚬᛊ ᛩᚬᛡ ᚸᚬᛏᛏ" (Svandish)
"Konkurrenzlos vor Gott" (L.s.)
"Unrivaled before God"
|Anthem: "ᚸᚬᛏᛏ ᛂᛡᚺᚨᛚᛏᛂ ᚢᚾᛊᛂᛡ'ᚾ ᚶᚨᛡᛍ" (Svandish)
Gott erhalte uns're Zar! (L.s.)
"God Save our Emperor!"
|Official languages||Standard Svandish|
|Recognised national languages|
|Ethnic groups (2015)||78.6% Svandish
11.1% Neptic Svandish
|Government||Federal technocratic semi-constitutional monarchy|
|-||Grand Prince||Hans-Jürgen X von Schulenbach|
|-||Chief Guardian||Franz von Kortig|
|-||Vordic Republic declared||102 BC|
|-||Empire established||16 January 144|
|-||Svandish Constitution||3 December 1799|
|-||Punctation of Mützel||18 January 1818|
708,806 sq mi
|-||2017 estimate||141,227,202 (2nd)|
|GDP (nominal)||2017 estimate|
|-||Total||$6.42 trillion (1st)|
|HDI (2017)|| .91
|Drives on the||right|
|ISO 3166 code||SV|
The Svandish Imperium, more commonly known as Svandary, is a semi-constitutional monarchy in north-eastern Orda. It is the second most populous nation in the world with over 141 million inhabitants. The Imperium is a federal union composed of 101 free states, nearly all ruled by noble families, including 5 kingdoms, 13 archduchies, 24 principalities, 16 free cities, 37 duchies, and 4 imperial districts.
Svandary is considered among the oldest cradles of civilization in Ordis, with documented settlement going back millenia and one of the earliest organized societies in the world, the Maudyrians, who first emerged around 3500 BC. After a succession of sociopolitical collapses and the obscurity of the Svandish Fog, a prosperous network of interconnected city-states emerged in the 8th and 7th centuries BC, which produced many ancient classics, the most notable being the Gausungaz and Sigmundradda. Following the rise of the Zossic Empire and its conquest of the Svandish coasts, the city of Vordin declared independence in 102 BC and rapidly expanded its power and conquered neighboring territory. Eventually, the Vordic Empire came to span the entirety of modern Svandary and incorporated various neighboring territories. After several centuries of peace and prosperity, the Empire was Christianized and later entered a period of religious divisions and decline, culminating in the Vordic Brothers' War and the fragmentation of imperial authority, which led to the Grand Reform and transformed the Empire into a confederation of mostly-sovereign states, with the Emperor as a figurehead.
The medieval period saw a flourishing of classical music, art, literature, and science across Svandary, as well as the earliest standardization of the Svandish language when the Volzang voted to formalize the Drang Brothers' Schvalzes Wörterbuch, the largest Svandish dictionary ever created. The Enlightenment swept through the aging Vordic Empire in the late 17th and early 18th centuries, fueling calls for a national rejuvenation and a restoration of the old Empire. The Saalgish Revolt in 1782 sparked the National Springtime, a wave of pan-nationalist and liberal uprisings, which paved the way for Alexander the Magnificent to seize power in Saalga and unify the nation under a new constitution: the old Imperial dynasty was ousted in favor of Alexander and his family, and many of the old imperial institutions were revitalized to create a modern nation-state. Following a second revolutionary wave in 1858, the young nation industrialized rapidly, becoming one of the foremost economies of the world by the advent of the 20th century. Svandary later saw many of the most significant scientific achievements of the 20th century, including the launch of the first man-made satellite into space and the first man in space.
Today, Svandary is considered to be among the foremost Great Powers, possessing the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and the largest defense budget, as well as the largest navy. It is a recognized nuclear state and possesses the world's second-largest nuclear arsenal, smaller only than the arsenal of its rival, Ahrenrok.
- 1 History
- 2 Politics
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Geography
- 5 Economy
- 6 Culture
The Frucht 1 mandible establishes an earliest date for human settlement of Svandary, at 800,000 years. The intervening period has produced thousands of artifacts indicating continued human occupation of the area. Most of these early fossils are connected to Neanderthals: the earliest modern humans appear to have arrived around 55,000 years ago. Extensive caches of modern human tools have been discovered in two places in Svandary, both dating from around 40,000 years ago: the Gildish Lichter caves and two coal mines in Süßingen.
Classical and Zossic periods (750 – 102 BC)
Svandary is home to one of the oldest advanced civilizations in Orda and the world, beginning with the Maudyrian civilization on the southern ''Weißklipp'' islands, which dates to around 3500 BC. This was followed by the flourishing of Naussic civilization on the northern Weißklipps, and finally Dauvish civilization across much of southern Gildis, which was itself supposedly named for the great Dauvish king Sparagildis. The Maudyrians pioneered a writing system, Parallel A, which is believed to have been the basis for the Dauvish-derived Gildish script, the earliest-confirmed form of the modern Svandish alphabet. The Dauvish appear to have gradually absorbed or else destroyed the Maudyrians, while the Naussic appear to have remained mostly isolated. Nonetheless most of Dauvish civilization collapsed around 1100 BC, giving birth to the obscure period known as the Svandish Fog. The Fog represents a considerable decline in written records in Svandish societies: only a small handful of sources exist, and they derive mostly from two surviving Naussic cities and a single Dauvish settlement.
The rebirth of Svandish civilization is traditionally marked by the composition of the Gausungaz and its partial sequel, the Sigmundradda, by Gomolf in the 7th or 8th centuries BC. The end of the Fog brought about the flourishing of a variety of city-states across the Svandish islands, which gave rise to classical Svandish civilization, an unprecedented period of wealth and prosperity over southern Svandary. This classical civilization was composed of hundreds of kingdoms and city-states, many of which began colonizing what is today mainland Svandary and the surrounding areas. Classical Svandary also became a major cultural center, developing complex architecture, mathematics, drama, science, and philosophy. Remarkably, many of the ancient city-states were organized as democracies, following traditional Svandish practices of relying on a hierarchy of councils, known as Aldings, for governance. The city of Tafa pioneered the concept of the Volksstadt, roughly translated as “people’s city,” as their system of governance, after their leader Drutmund abolished their dual-kingship and awarded all power to the Alding. This reform preceded the Golden Age of Tafa, lasting from the mid-6th century BC to its defeat by the Augish Coalition at the end of the Dottish Wars in 402 BC. However, the victorious military state of Augen and the rest of southern Gildis soon after succumbed to the Zossic Empire, which later conquered the Svandish coast under the leadership of Widukind the Great. The Zossic expansion marks the first incursion by Svandish peoples into the mainland, as Zossic-sponsored settlements followed Widukind’s conquests inland from the coast, especially during the 3rd century BC.
The Zossic Period lasted for more than one-hundred years, and represented the first unification of all Svandish peoples under a single king. This marks the earliest point at which the Svandish language was standardized: the Zossic kings enforced their dialect as the single administrative language, and their control of the seas transformed it also into the language of commerce. Zossic settlement of what is today south-western Svandary also proceeded incredibly quickly, under a deliberate program of colonization sponsored by the Zossic government. The pre-existing Svandish cities were overtaken by Zossi in the so-called Zossic Migration, which further perpetuated the spread of the language. The future superpower, Vordin, was a small Taugish city until it was massively expanded by Zossic migrants.
Early Vordic period (102 BC – 570 AD)
After a devastating civil war, the Zossic realm was split into three parts, each awarded to a son of the late King Theoderic III. However, this split-realm soon lost control over the mainland, which splintered into hundreds of city-states and small kingdoms, thus setting the stage for the rise of the city of Vordin, which ousted its Zossic King in 102 BC and turned itself into an oligarchic republic under the Volzang, mirroring the Volksstadt of ancient Tafa. Over the next several centuries the Vordic Republic expanded rapidly, marking the first phase of the Svandish Außensiedlung as they expelled various Slavic tribes from the Skaus catchment area and expanded their western border to the Donau river. The fertile lands were then resettled by Vordic Svands, and awarded to the oligarchs. Despite this rapid expansion the Volzang frequently faced riots and rebellions of the Kossir, those free Vordic citizens who were not part of the oligarchic class, the Drassir. Furthermore, the republican state struggled to control the generals on the frontier, who frequently awarded conquered lands to their soldiers and officers without approval from the Volzang.
Rampant political and economic tensions exploded into violence in 144 AD, when a group of Drassir assassinated the popular Volksrichter Ingvar Gardradis. In the ensuing chaos the powerful and charismatic general Ragnar Kyrmir Magaldradusis marched on the city, promised reforms, quelled the riots, and proclaimed himself Vordin’s first King in more than two-hundred years. The Drassir submitted to the transition, but later assassinated Ragnar and triggered a civil war between generals for control of the city. Ragnar’s grandson Sigmar Wandefrid eventually won, took his father’s name Kyrmir, and reorganized the Vordic state as a centralized imperial bureaucracy under himself as Zar, the name of a legendary Svandish king who supposedly unified ancient Svandary during the Fog. For the next two centuries Sigmar and his successors oversaw rapid expansion of the Vordic state, conquering the rest of the mainland and Gildis by the end of the 3rd century. For more than 200 years the Empire was domestically stable and prosperous, and gave rise to a flourishing Svandish art, architecture, and science. The reign of the Sigmarling Emperors also established most of the traditions which would become associated with the later Empire, such as the usage of the phrase “Exalted, Godly, and Zossic” in the Emperors’ titles and a vast bureaucratic and court apparatus to bind the various provinces together.
The golden age marked the period when the Vordic Empire was at its peak, covering more than two million square kilometres of territory and possessing one of the largest and most proficient armies in the world. Additionally, the Vordic Empire became a great maritime power, based in the mercantile prowess of the formerly-independent cities of eastern Svandary and southern Gildis, and established a large navy. The Vordic Empire also oversaw an architectural and infrastructural legacy which persists in modern Svandary: its famed road network provided the basis for the modern Svandish highway system. By the time of Emperor Thusnelda’s death in 570 AD, the city of Vordin had more than a million residents, placing it among the largest in the world.
Late Vordic period (570 – 1440 AD)
Upon Emperor Thusnelda’s death in 570 a vast crisis paralyzed the Vordic state. His various sons, all accomplished military leaders, fought for control of the Empire as it descended into anarchy. This culminated in the Year of Nine Emperors in 622 and the victory of Waldemar Kunimundis in 645. After a second political crisis in which Waldemar executed nearly one-third of the Volzang and battled another commander who had marched on the city, he proclaimed himself Zar and liberated the Christians of the Empire. The Walding line ruled for more than 300 years, and oversaw a second period of stability in the Vordic realm. As they themselves were Augish Christians, they enacted a series of liberal reforms: the famous Karling reforms, the work of Waldemar’s son Karlofrid, legally made Christians equal to Svandish pagans, thereby laying the foundations for religious liberty in Svandary. The Waldings also sponsored vast architectural projects, and generously funded cultural expression of all kinds.
The golden age of the Late period ended with the assassination of the last Walding Zar, Gunnhild Framsindis, and the subsequent outbreak of the Fifty Years’ War between the various Christian sects of the Empire. After decades of bloodshed and the collapse of central authority, Gausbolda Dertrudis, a Zossic general, conquered Vordin and destroyed the surviving factions to re-unite the Empire. Hoping to prevent another outbreak of violence, he then reconstituted the Volzang with representatives from across the Empire, and enacted the Gausling reforms, greatly weakening the central government and awarding considerable rights to the provinces, including control over religious policy. Despite later attempts to reverse the reforms, the Gauslings oversaw a prolonged decline of the Vordic state, as many of its bureaucratic institutions were de-powered and constrained by successive actions of the Volzang. The provinces began to consolidate their own armies, and frequently paid only lip service to the Zar in Vordin. Their conciliatory attitude did however enable the Gauslings to foster an economic recovery across Svandary, and a renewed era of peace began.
The final end of a unified Vordic state came during the Brothers’ War from 1421 to 1438, triggered by the attempted expulsion of Christians from the city of Klarboden by its local government. The war concluded only with the passage of the Grand Reform in the Volzang, which effectively dissolved the Vordic government and revoked the few powers the Zar still possessed. Immediately following the reform, several provinces declared themselves Kingdoms, and the central government found itself powerless. The Vordic realm was effectively transformed into a feudal confederation with minimal obligations to the Zar.
Svandish Middle Ages (1440 – 1782 AD)
The National Springtime
In the period before the Saalgish Uprising, known in Svandary as the Vorlenz, Svandish intellectuals began to emphasize new ideas of nationalism and patriotic loyalty in their writings and thought. The Saalgish writer Johann Gottstalk originated the term “nationalism” in 1772, in his “Treatise on the Origin of Language,” in which he stressed the concept that “he that has lost his patriotic spirit has lost himself and the whole worlds about himself.” Johann Dörr and Franz von Vowinckel were two other early nationalist figures: Dörr compiled a comprehensive nationalist history of the Vordic Empire, and Vowinckel declared that “our esteemed Empire cannot survive without a national rebirth, a national springtime.” This quote is the origin of the term “national springtime” (Völkerschaftslenz in Svandish). Influenced by these growing national ideas, the Saalgish King Friedrich IV proclaimed himself president of the Svandish Confederation in 1782, formalizing his conquests into a network of puppets that directly challenged the traditional legitimacy of the Zar, and the independence of the various states of the Empire.
However, Saalga’s conquests eventually bankrupted Friedrich’s realm, and following several poor harvests which deepened the crisis he was forced to call a meeting of the High Congress in 1793 to propose solutions to the problems. After weeks of legislative gridlock, the representatives of the Kossir forcibly removed the vastly over-represented Drassir from the chambers and proclaimed themselves the new People’s Assembly of Saalga, and pledged to create a new constitution and a new state. By January of 1794 a constitutional draft was already being debated in the new Assembly, and spontaneous uprisings across the Kingdom of Saalga were overturning the previous social order and pledging allegiance to the new assembly.
Initially the Saalgish king indicated his willingness to work with the Assembly: however, he soon left the Saalgish capital of Grafsberg and took up residence in the Tulpenhof in Vordin, the official residence of the Zar. Coupled with news that an emergency meeting of the Volzang had been called, the revolutionaries feared a coordinated monarchist counterattack from within and without Saalga. Fueled by these fears, the Neckties (Vordic Empire), the most radical faction, organized a march into Vordin composed mostly of disgruntled city folk and many peasants from the surrounding countryside. The March quickly descended into violence after the Emperor’s guards fired on protesters, leading to the first-ever sacking of Vordin and a bloody assault on the Tulpenhof. Eventually the Zar’s guards capitulated after the mobs stole weapons from nearby prisons: the Zar and the Saalgish king were both taken captive and later executed for “crimes against the revolution.”
Appalled by the murder of the Zar and the anarchy in the old capital, the various Vordic states signed the Declaration of Nausitz and pledged to “destroy the radicals and murders in Saalga.” The ensuing coalition wars not only weakened the young revolutionary government in Saalga, they also provided the impetus for the rise of Alexander Wilsewitz, a brilliant and charismatic artillery commander who was placed in charge of the Saalgish Revolutionary Army in 1800 by the People’s Assembly. As various governments and radical factions fought for power in the capital, Alexander trounced the Vordic coalitions: first, in the Battle of Förstersberg in 1801 he routed a numerically-superior coalition army, and in the Battle of Kautz in 1802 he destroyed the two largest coalition armies and forced an armistice.
Following these victories Alexander’s popularity skyrocketed and he led his army into Vordin in a triumphal procession mimicking those of ancient Vordic generals. He later dissolved the People’s Assembly and held a plebiscite on his own leadership, which concluded strongly in his favor. He proclaimed himself the new Zar, ennobled himself and founded a new imperial dynasty: the House of Sturmitz.
Alexander then embarked on his famous Wars of Unification, and by 1810 he had subjugated the entirety of the mainland Vordic Empire. Following a yearslong standoff with the Kingdoms of Gildis, which were protected by their large and powerful navies, he marshaled the resources of his conquests to construct the a massive imperial fleet. He appointed the fierce nationalist Diedrich von Zuncker as grand admiral, and soon his fleet had defeated the three Kingdoms in the Battle of Verdammtland and imposed a blockade on the island. Rocked by nationalist and liberal revolutions of their own, the three Kingdoms finally surrendered to Alexander’s armies in 1816.
Seeking to cement his victories and lead a reborn Vordic nation-state, Alexander invited the various princes of the Empire, as well as democratic representatives from across Svandary, to the grandiose Volkstagung (“People’s Congress”) in February 1817, which met in a section of the Tulpenhof. Months of contentious negotiations and discussions ensued: at several points, Alexander’s troops surrounded the palace to prevent delegates leaving prematurely in rage. Nevertheless, on 8 November 1817, the Congress published the Constitution of Svandary, which laid out a new, liberal government for the Vordic Empire, and renamed the nation “the Vordic Imperium of Svands,” emphasizing their desire to create a modern nation-state out of the old Empire. Later, the alternative name “the Svandish Imperium” would be added in an amendment.
Finally, on 18 December 1818, the delegates unanimously passed and signed the Punctation of Mützel, which vested the old institutions of the Empire with their traditional powers, as well as a host of new ones. In particular, the Punctation provided for the consolidation of the various independent armies into the new Imperial military, which would be under the command of Zar Alexander and his descendants. This marked the formal beginning of the Svandish nation-state, sometimes called “the Svandish period” in the history of the Vordic Empire.
Rise of Svandary
The Svandish Imperium is a federal technocratic semi-constitutional monarchy, governed according to the historical traditions of the Vordic Empire, which were documented and expressed in the Constitution of Svandary and the Punctation of Mützel. Due to the complicated heritage of Vordic and Svandish history, as well as diverse political desires influencing the writers of both documents, the Svandish government is unlike most others in the world. The Constitution establishes the Volkstag as having supreme authority over “all matters which are not the rightful historical inheritance of other institutions,” the so-called “imperial clause,” as it refers implicitly and, later, explicitly to the institutions of the Zar, the Emperor’s title, and the Volzang. As such the Volkstag is primarily associated with the youngest parts of the government, and elects a Chancellor to oversee various offices and ministries, most notably the Labor and Economic bureaus, and the Education, Health, and Transport ministries. The Volkstag is an assembly of representatives elected according to districts drawn according to population, and all Svandish citizens over the age of sixteen are eligible to vote for representatives, or serve in the assembly.
The duties and privileges of the “elder institutions” of the Zar and Volzang are clearly defined not in the Constitution, but in the Punctation, which is the Treaty under which the various realms of Svandary pledged loyalty to the Emperor and the new nation-state. Under the Punctation, the Zar retains his traditional role as head of the military, which he exercises through the Hofkriegsrat, the Court War Council. Also included on the War Council is the Imperial Scriptorium, which functions as Svandary’s foreign affairs ministry. In addition to the military and diplomacy, the Zar also oversees the nation’s various federal security services through the Hofschutzrat, the Court Protection Council, as well as the nation’s currency through the Hofmünzrat, the Court Coining Council. The current imperial dynasty is the House of Sturmitz, and the current Zar is Wolfgang XIX.
The Volzang is the third branch of Svandish government: it also claims to be the oldest continuous institution in the world, with its founding date as 727 BC. Since the 14th century, the Volzang has served as a council of representatives from each of Svandary’s realms: each realm was historically entitled to a single seat on the council, with recognized Kingdoms entitled to two more than others, for a total of three. The Punctation granted the Volzang its traditional powers, which included its oversight of the age-old Räichschatzamt, the Imperial Treasury, which is responsible for collecting all federal taxes and overseeing lower-level taxation across Svandary. Additionally, the Volzang oversees the Räichsjustizamt, the Imperial Justice Bureau, and its leader, the State-Attorney or Staatsanwalt. Finally the Volzang handles all federal disputes between realms, and oversees the Central Federal Office which receives complaints and lawsuits from realm governments.
The fourth branch of Svandish government is the Svandish Judiciary, whose independence is enshrined in both the Constitution and most of the Volzang’s foundational documents. The Svandish justice system is divided into a network of local and regional courts which operate under a common law framework and handle most low-level judicial matters. The Guardian Court is the top-level federal court in Svandary, and it is empowered to overturn laws it finds unconstitutional, as are the various lower federal courts. The decisions of the Guardian Council frequently set important legal precedents which then provide a model of interpretation for all lower courts. The Guardian Court is composed of eleven Guardians, and is headed by the Chief Guardian. The current Chief Guardian is Franz von Kortig.
Parties and elections
|Political Party Name||Representation in the Volkstag||Alignment||Ideological Tenets|
(Society for Friends of Trade)
|His Majesty's Government||Social liberalism, social market economy, Skaus capitalism|
|The Unionists, the Zossi
(Free Zossic Labor Union)
|His Majesty's Government||Democratic socialism, Zossic nationalism, minoritarianism, Reformism|
(Industrial Research Group)
|Opposition||Fusionism, economic liberalism, federalism|
(Society for the Art of War)
|Opposition||Interventionism, Paternalism, Neoconservatism, Authoritarianism|
|Opposition||National conservatism, National populism|
Ethnicity and Language
Svandish culture is mostly rooted in the traditions and practices of the Svandish people, the nation's primary ethnic group. The Svands originated as those Valckish occupying the southeastern coast of modern Svandary, as well as the islands of Gildis. During the Außensiedlung the Svandish migrated and expanded out of their original homeland, settling the Goldgrenze ("Golden Frontier") and the Frostlands, which later became central components of the Svandish nation-state.
Historically, Svandary has often been called Das Land der Lieder und Briefen, (“the land of songs and letters”) because of its abundance of influential writers and composers, and richly developed literary and musical traditions. An important component of Svandish arts are folk traditions - traditional liberal arts education in Svandary always emphasizes Bauernkuschten, which literally translates as “farmer-arts,” or “rural-arts.” Usually, Bauernkuschten are coupled with studies of Großkuschten, or “grand-arts.” In many academies, these two categories function as the primary distinction between subjects and classes.
Classical Bauernkuschten include quilting, bladesmithing, woodworking, metalworking, glassblowing, tailoring, and cookery. Svandary is however better known for its Großkuschten, which includes traditional Svandish lieder, various forms of classical opera, especially the Svandish concept of Gesamtkuschtwerk, other forms of classical art music, poetry and prose, and architecture.
The Svandish language, like Valckish itself, is a pluricentric one, representing the immense diversity within both the Svandish heartland and the home regions of the Außensiedlung. Modern Standard Svandish is derived primarily from the Dauvonic, or “Western,” dialect, instituted by the Saalgish kingdom during the unification of Svandary. However, prior to unification and especially before the 11th century, the Taugish dialect dominated, which helped spread Taugish cultural traditions throughout the nation. Also influential were the Geeric-speaking peoples of the south-east, and the cultures of the “Three Kingdoms of the Isles:” Dottland, Augis, and Zossia, each speaking their own dialect, none of which were mutually-intelligible with the mainland varieties.
Svandish folk culture is traditionally rooted in music, and the nation has produced a number of popular folk songs. The oldest and most notable include “Edelweiss,” “Im Wald im grünen Walde,” “Die Eisenfaust am Lanzenschaft,” “Schwarzbraun ist die Haselnuss,” and “Der Mächtigste König im Luftrevier,” all part of traditional Dorflieder (literally “Village-songs”). There is also much overlap between Dorflieder and military songs, and many folk tunes have been adopted by Svandish military formations as marching songs: the most popular of these include the famous “Osterwaldlied,” which celebrates the Osterwald region on the right bank of the river Skaus. These musical traditions inspired the later Volkslieder movement, beginning in the 18th century, in which writers sought to produce a canon of patriotic songs in pursuit of Svandish consolidation. Notable examples include “Was ist des Schvalzen Vaterland?” and the “Schvalzlandlied,” both written by August Hoffmann von Falkenhausen, considered one of the principal leaders of the Young Svandary Movement. More modern Volkslieder include songs like “Die Zukunft ist für die Frei!,” written in 1855 by Maximilian Krause.
Ethnic clothing is also an important part of the folk culture of Svandary. Among the most iconic Svandish garments are two styles of breeches: Lederhosen and Bundhosen, as well as two varieties of socks: boys’ Strumpfeln and men’s Loferl. Traditionally, Svandish boys wear the shorter Lederhosen and longer Strumpfeln until they are married, at which point they switch to the longer Bundhosen and two-piece Loferl socks. Girls and women wear a variety of traditional dresses, most notably the Dirndl, a circular-cut skirt that falls below the knee. Other forms of traditional dress include the Saalrock, a white surcoat with a black cross originating with the Saalgish Knights.
Svandish folk tales and folklore are traditionally called Hochdichtung, or “High Fiction.” They consist of any traditional stories written or told before the onset of the Baroque period in the 17th century. Many later writers collected or adapted traditional fairytales: the most notable example being the Drang brothers’ book of fairy-tales. Many Svandish fairy-tales have achieved modern fame, including Hans und Hilda, Rapunzel, and Hansel und Gretel.
Svandish composers are among the best-known of the Baroque and classical eras. Johannes Goch and Alexander Schenkel are some of the foremost Baroque figures: Goch’s Toccata and Fugue in D minor and the first prelude from the Well-Tempered Clavier, in addition to the menuets of Schenkel’s Music for the Royal Fireworks are among the best-known Baroque pieces in Ordis. The renowned Almish composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart briefly lived in Svandary, where he met a native Svandish composer named Wolfgang von Gaussen who would become a crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras.
Lukas von Nerzeneuben and Franz Vogel were two important Romantic composers: Vogel’s Lieder were particularly famous, most notably Die Bootsmannsracht and Erlkönig. Another important romantic figure was Franz Joseph Glichten, whose stature is such that he is frequently counted among the Three Gs along with Goch and Gaussen for their supposed primacy in the Ordan musical canon. Michael Wächter was among the most influential Romantic composers, and his concept of Gesamtkuschtwerk has become a central focus for Svandish art. Michael von Strattmann was a leading composer of the late Romantic era.
Svandary is the largest music market in the world, and possesses a vibrant popular and modern musical scene. In the early 20th century Svandary rapidly absorbed and adapted foreign styles into the domestic market, especially jazz, which originated in Svandary’s then-colony of Rhodanthian and spread quickly to the mother country. Georg Erzader mixed classical Svandish styles with modern jazz: his most notable work, Rhapsodie im Blau sold more than a million copies in Svandary and was performed worldwide. Mixing traditional Svandish folk and country music with jazz and blues, Rockmusik was pioneered in Svandary in the 1950s by artists like Sofia Tscherning, and later popularized by Svandish artists like Karl von Blomberg and Egon Prinz. Since then Svandary has remained a center of musical innovation, and has produced many top-grossing artists of all time, including Michael Janko and die Falken. More recently, Svandish artists have helped pioneer electronic music, and the Svandish bands Schicksalwerk and Yashiman Dream are frequently considered among the founders of modern electronic music. Recently, electro-swing has flourished in Svandary, led by groups like die Jäger.
Literature and philosophy
Like much of Svandish culture, the nation’s cuisine is extremely old and has roots as far back as the 4th century BC. Heavily influenced by surrounding Meriadnir, Almish, and Anglish cuisine, Svandish foods have historically been derived mostly from wheat, especially following the massive expansion of Svandish agriculture in the Außensiedlung. However, items such as tomatoes, potatoes, and maize, the latter of which were introduced from overseas, has deeply impacted Svandish food in the last two centuries. Generally, Svandish cuisine is noted for its regional diversity and abundance of different tastes.
Central to the Svandish diet are its many Tockels, which are pastas: usually prepared with traditional sauces and accessories. The diversity of sauces is particularly notable: in southern and eastern Svandary, Flammtockel is most common, making heavy use of tomato, garlic, and herbs. Native to northern Svandary meanwhile are many varieties of Weißtockel, either made with white sauces or butter. In terms of accessories, one of Svandary’s most popular dishes is Wurschtockel (“sausage-pasta”), which is normally a variety of Flammtockel prepared with bratwurst, or some other pork-based sausage.
Bread is another significant part of Svandish cuisine, and Svandary boasts a towering diversity of more than 600 types of bread and more than 1,200 different pastries and rolls. Svandary is also one of the world’s most proficient producers of cheeses, and milk is frequently cited as the most-drunk beverage in Svandary. Aside from sausage Tockels, Svandish sausages are regularly eaten alone, and the nation also prides itself on a variety of bratwursts and weißwursts.
Beer and wine are important parts of Svandish cuisine: the nation is known more internationally for its wines, which are produced mainly in the southern and eastern regions of the country: however, beer is vastly more popular in the northern realms. Svandish alcohol consumption per person stood at 110 litres in 2016 and remains among the highest in the world: however, after a stringent temperance campaign from the 1930s to the 1950s, the nation no longer suffers excessive issues with alcoholism.